Protecting Coastal and Marine Environments from Land-based Activities: A Guide for National Action
In 2002 the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), as the Secretariat of the GPA, published a Handbook on the Development and Implementation of National Programs of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Land-based Activities (the NPA Handbook). It provides guidance for environmental managers and policy makers on how to implement the GPA in their own countries. Since its release many lessons have been learned and related policy developments gained importance; reason for this updated and expanded version. In this revision it is stressed that, to be successful, institutional, financial, legislative, social, and technical barriers should be taken very serious while planning concrete action. The handbook calls for realistic, step-by-step implementation of priorities within a cross-sectoral, participatory framework, through a flexible and iterative process.--Publisher's description.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
List of figures and boxes
Action taken so far
Guiding principles for national action
A final word
achieve action activities affordable agriculture Annex approach assessment authorities awareness benefits budgets building capacity causes changes Chapter coastal and marine coastal area commitment considered constraints consultation continuous Convention costs countries create degradation detail document economic ecosystems effective ensure environmental evaluation example existing financing followed formulated framework funding Global goals groups human identified impacts implementation important improved indicators industry initial institutional integrated involved Island issues knowledge land-based activities lead legislation listed major marine environment measures mechanisms meeting monitoring national level NPA process NPA programme objectives opportunities organizations participation plans pollution potential practices present principles priorities problems produced programme Programme of Action Protection realistic reduction regional relevant responsibilities river basin sector situation sources specific stakeholders Step strategies successful sustainable development Task wastewater