The Philosophy of Science and Technology Studies
Routledge, 2013 M10 18 - 208 pages
As the field of Science and Technology Studies (STS) has become more established, it has increasingly hidden its philosophical roots. While the trend is typical of disciplines striving for maturity, Steve Fuller, a leading figure in the field, argues that STS has much to lose if it abandons philosophy.
In his characteristically provocative style, he offers the first sustained treatment of the philosophical foundations of STS and suggests fruitful avenues for further research. With stimulating discussions of the Science Wars, the Intelligent Design Theory controversy, and theorists such as Donna Haraway and Bruno Latour, Philosophy of Science and Technology Studies is required reading for students and scholars in STS and the philosophy of science.
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The Science Wars as Signaling the End of Scientific Puritanism 115 22. The Secularization of Science as a Precondition to its Re-enchantment 122 23. Re-enchanting Science with a Vengeance: Gnostic Scientism 127 24.
However, with the end of the Cold War, the amoralism of "technoscience" remained but now transferred to a world in which the risk of nuclear war had been replaced by the uncertainty of the marketplace (Latour 1987, Callon 1998).
For their part, most philosophers who refuse to attach an s at the end of "knowledge" or "science" blissfully act as if nothing has changed. They continue to shoehorn STS positions into preconceived categories of "relativism," ...
I consider the migration of relativism from anthropology to science policy since the end of World War II. Notwithstanding this lineage, "relativism" is ultimately an imprecise label for what is most philosophically challenging about STS ...
Reflecting his original training in physics, Pareto declared that rationality is self- explanatory as the path of least resistance between ends and means, while sociology is needed to explain the friction of bias and error that usually ...