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Pub. Law 88-352 .6.
July 2, 1964 70 STAT. 246. Enforcement, (b) The remedies provided in this title shall be the exclusive means
of enforcing the rights based on this title, but nothing in this title shall preclude any individual or any State or local agency from asserting any right based on any other Federal or State law not inconsistent with this title, including any statute or ordinance requiring nondiscrimination in public establishments or accommodations, or from pursuing any remedy, civil or criminal, which may be available for the vindication or enforcement of such right.
TITLE III-DESEGREGATION OF PUBLIC FACILITIES Suits by Attor Sec. 301. (a) Whenever the Attorney General receives a complaint ney General.
in writing signed by an individual to the effect that he is being deprived of or threatened with the loss of his right to the equal protection of the laws, on account of his race, color, religion, or national origin, by being denied equal utilization of any public facility which is owned, operated, or managed by or on behalf of any State or subdivision thereof, other than a public school or public college as defined in section 401 of title IV hereof, and the Attorney General believes the complaint is meritorious and certifies that the signer or signers of such complaint are unable, in his judgment, to initiate and maintain appropriate legal proceedings for relief and that the institution of an action will materially further the orderly progress of desegregation in public facilities, the Attorney General is authorized to institute for or in the name of the United States a civil action in any appropriate district court of the United States against such parties and for such relief as may be appropriate, and such court shall have and shall exercise jurisdiction of proceedings instituted pursuant to this section. The Attorney General may implead as defendants such additional parties as are or become necessary to the grant of effective relief hereunder.
(b) The Attorney General may deem a person or persons unable to initiate and maintain appropriate legal proceedings within the meaning of subsection (a) of this section when such person or persons are unable, either directly or through other interested persons or organizations, to bear the expense of the litigation or to obtain effective legal representation; or whenever he is satisfied that the institution of such litigation would jeopardize the personal safety, employment, or economic standing of such person or persons, their families,
or their property. Costs, fees. Sec. 302. In any action or proceeding under this title the United
States shall be liable for costs, including a reasonable attorney's fee, the same as a private person.
Sec. 303. Nothing in this title shall affect adversely the right of any person to sue for or obtain relief in any court against discrimination in any facility covered by this title.
SEC. 304. A complaint as used in this title is a writing or document within the meaning of section 1001, title 18, United States Code. TITLE IV-DESEGREGATION OF PUBLIC EDUCATION
62 Stat. 749.
Sec. 401. Ás used in this title (a) “Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Education. (b) “Desegregation" means the assignment of students to public schools and within such schools without regard to their race, color, religion, or national origin, but "desegregation” shall not mean the Assignment of stude .ts to public schools in order to overcome racial imbalance.
July 2, 1964
78 STAT. 247. (c) “Public school” means any elementary or secondary educational "Public school." institution, and "public college” means any institution of higher education or any technical or vocational school above the secondary school level, provided that such public school or public college is operated by a State, subdivision of a State, or governmental agency within a State, or operated wholly or predominantly from or through the use of governmental funds or property, or funds or property derived from a governmental source.
(d) “School board” means any agency or agencies which admin. "School board." ister a system of one or more public schools and any other agency which is responsible for the assignment of students to or within such system.
SURVEY AND REPORT OF EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES Sec. 402. The Commissioner shall conduct a survey and make a Report to Presireport to the President and the Congress, within two years of the dent and Conn enactment of this title, concerning the lack of availability of equal gress, educational opportunities for individuals by reason of race, color, religion, or national origin in public educational institutions at all levels in the l'nited States, its territories and possessions, and the District of Columbia.
TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE Sec. 403. The Commissioner is authorized, upon the application of any school board, State, municipality, school district, or other governmental unit legally responsible for operating a public school or schools, to render technical assistance to such applicant in the preparation, adoption, and implementation of plans for the desegregation of public schools. Such technical assistance may, among other activities, include making available to such agencies information regarding effective methods of coping with special educational problems occasioned by desegregation, and making available to such agencies personnel of the Office of Education or other persons specially equipped to advise and assist them in coping with such problems.
TRAINING INSTITUTES Sec. 404. The Commissioner is authorized to arrange, through grants or contracts, with institutions of higher education for the operation of short-term or regular session institutes for special training designed to improve the ability of teachers, supervisors, counselors, and other elementary or secondary school personnel to deal effectively with special educational problems occasioned by desegregation. Indi. Stipends, etc. viduals who attend such an institute on a full-time basis may be paid stipends for the period of their attendance at such institute in amounts specified by the Commissioner in regulations, including allowances for travel to attend such institute.
SEC. 405. (a) The Commissioner is authorized, upon application of & school board, to make grants to such board to pay, in whole or in part, the cost of
(1) giving to teachers and other school personnel inservice training in dealing with problems incident to desegregation, and
(2) employing specialists to advise in problems incident to desegregation (b) In determining whether to make a grant, and in fixing the Conditions. amount thereof and the terms and conditions on which it will be made, the Commissioner shall take into consideration the amount available
Pub. Law 88-352 78 STAT. 248.
July 2, 1964
for grants under this section and the other applications which are pending before him; the financial condition of the applicant and the other resources available to it; the nature, extent, and gravity of its problems incident to desegregation; and such other factors as he finds relevant.
Sec. 406. Payments pursuant to a grant or contract under this title may be made (after necessary adjustments on account of previously made overpayments or underpayments) in advance or by way of reimbursement, and in such installments, as the Commissioner may determine.
SUITS BY THE ATTORNEY GENERAL
Sec. 407. (a) Whenever the Attorney General receives a complaint in writing
(1) signed by a parent or group of parents to the effect that his or their minor children, as members of a class of persons similarly situated, are being deprived by a school board of the equal protection of the laws, or
(2) signed by an individual, or his parent, to the effect that he has been denied admission to or not permitted to continue in attendance at a public college by reason of race, color, religion, or
national origin, and the Attorney General believes the complaint is meritorious and certifies that the signer or signers of such complaint are unable, in his judgment, to initiate and maintain appropriate legal proceedings for relief and that the institution of an action will materially further the orderly achievement of desegregation in public education, the Attorney General is authorized, after giving notice of such complaint to the appropriate school board or college authority and after certifying that he is satisfied that such board or authority has had a reasonable time to adjust the conditions alleged in such complaint, to institute for or in the name of the United States a civil action in any appropriate district court of the United States against such parties and for such relief as may be appropriate, and such court shall have and shall exercise jurisdiction of proceedings instituted pursuant to this section, provided that nothing herein shall empower any official or court of the United States to issue any order seeking to achieve a racial balance in any school by requiring the transportation of pupils or students from one school to another or one school district to another in order to achieve such racial balance, or otherwise enlarge the existing power of the court to insure compliance with constitutional standards. The Attorney General may implead as defendants such additional parties as are or become necessary to the grant of effective relief hereunder.
(b) The Attorney General may deem a person or persons unable to initiate and maintain appropriate legal proceedings within the meaning of subsection (a) of this section when such person or persons are unable, either directly or through other interested persons or organizations, to bear the expense of the litigation or to obtain effective legal representation; or whenever he is satisfied that the institution of such litigation would jeopardize the personal safety, employment, or economic standing of such person or persons, their families, or their property.
(c) The term “parent” as used in this section includes any person standing in loco parentis. A "complaint" as used in this section is a writing or document within the meaning of section 1001, title 18, United States Code.
Persons unable to initiate suits.
62 Stat. 749.
Sec. 408. In any action or proceeding under this title the United States shall be liable for costs the same as a private person.
Sec. 409. Nothing in this title shall affect adversely the right of any person to sue for or obtain relief in any court against discrimination in public education.
Sec. 410. Nothing in this title shall prɔhibit classification and assignment for reasons other than race, color, religion, or national origin.
TITLE V-COMMISSION ON CIVIL RIGHTS Sec. 501. Section 102 of the Civil Rights Act of 1957 (42 U.S.C. 1975a ; 71 Stat. 631) is amended to read as follows:
“RULES OF PROCEDURE OF THE COMMISSION HEARINGS “Sec. 102. (a) At least thirty days prior to the commencement of Publication in any hearing, the Commission shall cause to be published in the Fed- Federal Register. eral Register notice of the date on which such hearing is to commence, the place at which it is to be held and the subject of the hearing. The Chairman, or one designated by him to act as Chairman at a hearing of the Commission, shall announce in an opening statement the subject of the hearing.
"ib) A copy of the Commission's rules shall be made available to any witness before the Commission, and a witness compelled to appear before the Commission or required to produce written or other matter shall be served with a copy of the Commission's rules at the time of service of the subpena.
"(c) Any person compelled to appear in person before the Com- Right of coursel. mission shall be accorded the right to be accompanied and advised by counsel, who shall have the right to subject his client to reasonable examination, and to make objections on the record and to argue briefly the basis for such objections. The Commission shall proceed with reasonable dispatch to conclude any hearing in which it is engaged. Due regard shall be had for the convenience and necessity of witnesses.
"(d) The Chairman or Acting Chairman may punish breaches of order and decorum hy censure and exclusion from the hearings.
"(e) If the Commission determines that evidence or testimony at Executive sessions. any hearing may tend to defame, degrade, or incriminate any person, it shall receive such evidence or testimony or summary of such evidence or testimony in executive session. The Commission shall afford any person defamed, degraded, or incriminated by such evidence or testimony an opportunity to appear and be heard in executive session, with a reasonable number of additional witnesses requested by him, before deciding to use such evidence or testimony. In the event the Commission determines to release or use such evidence or testimony in such manner as to reveal publicly the identity of the person defamed, degraded, or incriminated, such evidence or testimony, prior to such public release or use, shall be given at a public session, and the Commission shall afford such person an opportunity to appear as a voluntary witness or to file a sworn statement in his hehalf and to submit brief and pertinent sworn statements of others. The Commission shall receive and dispose of requests from such person to subpena additional witnesses.
"(f) Except as provided in sections 102 and 105(f) of this Act, the Chairman shall receive and the Commission shall dispose of requests to subpena additional witnesses.
"(g) No evidence or testimony or summary of evidence or testi- Testimony, remony inken in executive session may be relešsed or used in public lease restric
Pub. Law 88-352 . 10.
July 2, 1964 78 STAT, 250,
sessions without the consent of the Commission. Whoever releases or uses in public without the consent of the Commission such evidence or testimony taken in executive session shall be fined not more than $1,000, or imprisoned for not more than one year.
(h) In the discretion of the Commission, witnesses may submit brief and pertinent sworn statements in writing for inclusion in the record. The Commission shall determine the pertinency of testimony
and evidence adduced at its hearings. Transcript “(i) Every person who submits data or evidence shall be entitled oopies.
to retain or, on payment of lawfully prescribed costs, procure a copy or transcript thereof, except that a witness in a hearing held in execu. tive session may for good cause be limited to inspection of the official transcript of his testimony. Transcript copies of public sessions may be obtained by the public upon the payment of the cost thereof. An accurate transcript shall be made of the testimony of all witnesses at all hearings, either public or executive sessions, of the Commission or of any subcommittee thereof.
“(j) À witness attending any session of the Commission shall receive $6 for each day's attendance and for the time necessarily occupied in going to and returning from the same, and 10 cents per mile for going from and returning to his place of residence. Wit. nesses who attend at points so far removed from their respective residences as to prohibit return thereto from day to day shall be entitled to an additional allowance of $10 per day for expenses of subsistence, including the time necessarily occupied in going to and returning from the place of attendance. Mileage payments shall be tendered to the witness upon service of a subpena issued on behalf
of the Commission or any subcommittee thereof. Subpena of
“(k) The Commission shall not issue any subpena for the attendwitnesses. ance and testimony of witnesses or for the production of written or
other matter which would require the presence of the party subpenaed at a hearing to be held outside of the State wherein the witness is found or resides or is domiciled or transacts business, or has appointed an agent for receipt of service of process except that, in any event, the Commission may issue subpenas for the attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production of written or other matter at a hearing held within fifty miles of the place where the witness is found or resides or is domiciled or transacts business or has appointed an
agent for receipt of service of process. Organization "(1) The Commission shall separately state and currently publish statement, etc. in the Federal Register (1) descriptions of its central and field organiPublication in
zation including the established places at which, and methods whereby, Federal Register. the public may secure information or make requests; (2) statements
of the general course and method by which its functions are channeled and determined, and (3) rules adopted as authorized by law. No person shall in any manner be subject to or required to resort to rules, organization, or procedure not so published.”
Sec. 502. Section 103(a) of the Civil Rights Act of 1957 (42 U.S.C.
1975b(a); 71 Stat. 634) is amended to read as follows: Payments to
“Sec. 103. (a) Each member of the Commission who is not otherwise in the service of the Government of the United States shall receive the sum of $75 per day for each day spent in the work of the Commission, shall be paid actual travel expenses, and per diem in lieu of subsistence expenses when away from his usual place of residence, in
accordance with section 5 of the Administrative Expenses Act of 1946, 75 Stat. 339, as amended (5 U.S.C. 73b-2; 60 Stat. 808).”