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GENERAL ORDERS, HEADQUARTERS OF THE ARMY,
ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE,
Washington, January 27, 1882. By direction of the Secretary of War paragraphs 399, 1691, 1862, 1894, 1900, 2070, 2389, 2592, 2714, 2759, 2760, 2761, and 2768 of the Regulations are amended to read as follows:
399. Non-commissioned officers and soldiers employed under section 1287, Revised Statutes, are to be mustered as extra-duty men. Commanding officers will see that no man is paid as an overseer or mechanic who is not actually employed as such, and no soldier shall be rated at the higher pay except by their order. Non-commissioned officers of the line of the Army shall not be allowed and paid extra-duty pay except as seers” (when the working force is large enough to warrant an seer"); but non-commissioned officers of the Signal Corps and of the General Service Detachments on duty in the War Department and its bureaus, or at army, division, department, and district headquarters, and at superintendencies of the recruiting service, shall be allowed and paid extraduty pay as prescribed by the Regulations.—[ Regs., 1863, 7 902; G. 0. 79, 1866; Dec. Sec. War.]
1691. The per diem of enlisted men employed on extra duty, whether employed as artificers, teamsters, laborers, or on any other duty whatsoever, and also the hire of civilian laborers, will be generally paid from the appropriation for incidental expenses. Carpenters, masons, painters, and glaziers will generally be paid from the appropriation for barracks and quarters; wheelwrights and saddlers from the appropriation for transportation; and printing from the appropriation for incidental expenses. Extra-duty pay of soldiers, hire of civil mechanics and laborers, transportation of material, and every expense necessary to establish a post for the building of which a special appropriation has been made by Congress, will be paid from such appropriation. The expense of advertising for proposals for supplies and for transportation will be paid out of the appropriations respectively applicable to the payment of such supplies and transportation.—[G. 0.68, 1871; Decs. Sec. War. ]
1862. Fuel shall be issued only in the month when due. The kinds of fuel in general use at the place of issue shall be supplied, but wood shall be issued for fuel in all cases when it is cheaper than coal. -—[ Regs. 1863,
1075; G. 0. 18, 1874 ; Dec. Sec. War.)
1894. Officers not mounted may purchase forage-for one horse kept for their own use at place of purchase--for which they will be charged the actual cost of the forage to the United States at the place of delivery to the officer, including cost of transportation where it has been transported at the expense of the United States.
1900. At posts, outside of the cultivated region, where straw cannot be obtained except at great expense, hay will be used for bedding instead of straw, and be provided by the troops.—[Regs. 1863, s 1129; Dec. Sec. War.]
2070. After the clothing and equipage are received at a post, the post quartermaster will make issues on special requisitions (Form No. 44), in the usual manner, in such quantities and at such times as the company or detachment commander may require.
The buffalo overcoats, fur caps and gauntlets on hand at the various posts will, when no longer needed by reason of the approach of warm weather, be turned over for protection to the respective post quartermasters, who will observe the following directions:
1. The articles should be exposed to the sun and then beaten with a light twig or rattan. The most important point being to make sure that all moth eggs, should any have been deposited, are destroyed before putting the articles away, the sunning and switching for this purpose should therefore be thorough-the latter, however, not severe enough to injure the fur or pelt.
2. Any article requiring it should be repaired-using for this purpose, as far as practicable, such articles of a corresponding character as cannot be again rendered serviceable—and packed in boxes well lined with petroleum and wrapping paper (the latter being next the goods), care being taken that no holes or other openings are left in the wrappers for moths to enter; the boxes to be secured, nailed, and paper pasted over all joints. This will, it is thought, be sufficient to preserve the articles from any damage.
3. The original packages of clothing opened for issue will usually supply sufficient petroleum paper to cover the fur articles in spring. Should it be dry from age or use, it can be freshened up by rubbing into the surface a little of the ordinary illuminating coal-oil, taking care not to rub enough to penetrate the manila wrapping-paper.
Commanding officers will see that these instructions are strictly complied with.-[G. 0. 114, 1874; G. 0. 40, 1881.]
2389. An acting commissary of subsistence is paid the additional pay per month allowed by law, on the certificate of the Commissary General of Subsistence that he has performed the duty during the time charged. To entitle an officer to extra pay as an acting commissary of subsistence it is necessary that he should be detailed under proper orders for some established post or body of troops, and that he should make full and regular issues to the troops from the stores for which he is responsible, and which are in his own custody and charge. Part issues of the ration -such as fresh beef, &c., the other parts of the ration being issued by another officer-do not entitle an officer to extra pay; nor is he entitled to extra pay when he is responsible for subsistence funds or subsistence property only.
2592. For a colonel, lieutenant colonel, or major.— The same as for a General, except that there will be nine buttons in each row, on the breast, placed at equal distances; collar and cuffs of the same color and material as the coat. Judge advocates of the Army and professors of the Military Academy are authorized to wear, when on duty, the plain dark-blue body-coat prescribed in paragraph 2599; the buttons on the coat to be the same as for the general staff.—[G. 0.76, 1879; G. O. 20, 1881. ]
2714. The uniform of the professors and sword master at the Military Academy shall be the same as now worn, excepting that they will be permitted to wear the dark-blue sack-coat prescribed for Army officers, with the buttons of the general staff to be worn on both coats, and that professors are authorized to wear the coat prescribed in paragraph 2599.
2759. Helmets for all mounted troops.—Body of black felt, or other suitable material, as per pattern in the office of the Quartermaster General, with leather chin-strap. Brass eagle, with motto, shield, and crossed arms, according to arm of service. Number of regiment or device of corps in white metal (German silver) on shield. Brass side buttons bearing device of corps or arm of service. Top piece, plume socket, and rings, all brass. Horse-hair plume, and cords and bands of color according to arm of service.
2760. Helmets for all foot troops.—Of the same pattern and material as for mounted troops, with chin-strap, brass eagle, and side buttons as deseribed. The top ornament to consist of a spike and base of brass as per pattern, instead of the plume socket. No rings. 2761. Trimmings.-Devices in white metal (German silver) for staff
Commissary sergeants, a crescent; hospital stewards,
and staff corps.
a caduceus; engineers, a castle; ordnance, a shell and Hame; signal corps, crossed flags. To be worn on the shield. Artillery, crossed cannons; infantry, crossed rifles; letter of company and number of regiment.
2768. For hospital strwards.—The caduceus in white metal, enclosed by wreath, on forage cap.
BY COMMAND OF GENERAL SHERMAN :
R. C. DRUM,
Assistant Adjutant General.
GENERAL ORDERS, HEADQUARTERS OF THE ARMY,
ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE,
Washington, January 28, 1882. By direction of the Secretary of War, until further orders, the following scale of equivalents will govern in the issue and sale of fuel, average oak wood being the standard (paragraph 1859 of the Regulations): One cord of average oak wood equalsOne and one-fifth cords yellow pine, or One and three-fourths cords of poplar, white pine, or cotton-wood ; One thousand five hundred and ninety-eight pounds of Forest Improvement antbracite coal (Richardson colliery);
One thousand five hundred and ninety-eight pounds of Wilkesbarre anthracite coal (Black Diamond);
One thousand six hundred and fourteen pounds of Scranton anthracite coal (Delaware and Hudson Canal Company, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania);
One thousand six hundred and eighty-seven pounds of Scranton anthracite coal (Delaware, Lackawanna, and Western Railroad Company, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania);
One thousand eight hundred and forty-one pounds of Scranton anthracite coals not herein specified ;
One thousand six hundred and fifty-one pounds of Lykens Valley anthracite coal (Dauphin County, Pennsylvania);
One thousand five hundred and seventy-three pounds of Pennsylvania anthracite coals not herein specified ;
One thousand eight hundred and eighteen pounds of free burning, medium hard coal (Raven Run mine, Pennsylvania);
One thousand six hundred and fifty-seven pounds of Los Cerrillos, New Mexico, anthracite coal (Ortiz Grant);
One thousand four hundred and sixty-six pounds of Welsh anthracite coal;
Two thousand six hundred and twenty-six pounds of Queen Charlotte
One thousand five hundred and twenty-one pounds of semi-bituminous coal (Standard Coal Company, Somerset County, Pennsylvania);
One thousand five hundred and thirty-seven pounds of semi-bituminous coal (Philson Iron Coal Company, Somerset County, Pennsylvania); One thousand five hundred and fifty-eight pounds of Cumberland semi