Environmentally Induced Illnesses: Ethics, Risk Assessment and Human Rights

Front Cover
McFarland, 2001 M07 11 - 304 pages
Readers drawn to Rachel Carson's Silent Spring, Laurie Garrett's The Coming Plague, or Theo Colburn's Our Stolen Future will appreciate this work by Thomas Kerns as well. The growing epidemics of chemically induced illnesses from long-term, low-dose exposure to toxicants in both developed and developing nations are being studied by serious researchers. Questions are being raised as to how societies will deal with these new problems. Kerns's book is the first to directly address the ethical dimension of managing environmental health and ubiquitous toxicants (such as solvents, pesticides, and artificial fragrances). The work includes recent medical literature on chronic health effects from exposure to toxicants and the social costs of these disorders; relevant historic and human rights documents; recommendations for public policy and legislation; and primary obstacles faced by public health advocates. College instructors and students, victims of chemical sensitivity disorders, public health workers, scientists, and policymakers who are interested in the challenge of these emerging epidemics will find Kerns's text highly informative.

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Contents

Data
25
2 Cancers
29
3 Respiratory Disorders
32
4 The Immune System
33
5 Increased Incidence of Infectious Diseases
38
6 The BloodBrain Barrier
40
7 Sleep Abnormalities
42
8 Intellectual Function
43
Modest Proposals
154
1 Research
155
2 Initial Clinical Presumptions
165
3 Informed Consent
170
4 Burden of Proof
183
5 Disaggregated Safety Standards
191
6 Safe Schools
192
7 Safe Workplaces
196

9 Endocrine System Dysregulation
45
10 Detoxification Pathways
50
11 Behavioral Disorders
51
12 MCS
52
13 Pesticides
54
14 Life Disruption
56
15 Actual Costs
60
16 How Many People Are Affected?
61
17 Mechanisms
67
18 Controversy
76
Principles
91
2 RiskBenefit Assessment
95
An Ethical Counterbalance
111
4 The Golden Rule Silver Rule and Sufferings of the Other
135
5 The Precautionary Principle
136
6 Nonconsensual Exposure
140
7 Tragedy of the Commons
141
8 Absence of Evidence Is Not Evidence of Absence
143
9 Moderation in All Things
144
10 Summary
147
8 Transparent Processes
197
10 Access to Public Spaces
202
11 Additional Proposals
204
Brick Walls
214
1 Globality
216
2 Multinational Chemical Corporations
217
3 Public Relations
225
4 Medical Paradigms
230
5 Others
236
Conclusion
241
North Seattle Community College Indoor Air Quality IAQ policy
247
The Nuremberg Code 1947
251
International Ethical Guidelines for Biomedical Research Involving Human Subjects
253
Draft Declaration of Principles on Human Rights and the Environment 1994
258
Charter on Industrial Hazards and Human Rights 1996
263
Twenty Most Common chemicals Found in thirtyOne Fragrance Products
278
Bibliography
283
Index
293
Copyright

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About the author (2001)

College professor Thomas Kerns teaches medical ethics and philosophy at North Seattle Community College in Seattle, Washington.

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