World Forests, Markets and Policies

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Matti Palo, J. Uusivuori, G. Mery
Springer Science & Business Media, 2001 M12 31 - 490 pages
This book offers information and insights into the potential of market and policy instruments in improving the state of the world's forests. It advocates the use of the concept of optimal mix of markets and policies as an approach to view the appropriate and operational roles of market and government in dealing with forestry issues. It does not offer a list of policy recommendations to be used as a general tool to combat the threats facing the world's forests. Obviously, the optimal mix of markets and policies must depend on the varying national and local conditions and, more specifically, on the level of development. The contents of this volume are organized in five Parts. Part I, Editorial Perspectives, briefly reviews the outline of the book and analyses the balanced use of markets and policies to support world forests towards sustainable forest management. Part II reviews changes and trends in society and environment outside the forest sector. After all, the evolution of forestry and forest industries is more dependent on these external changes than on changes internal to the sector. Two important aspects that may strongly affect the future of the forest sector are covered: the potential of wood biomass in replacing oil and the global freshwater outlook. Part III focuses on the importance of forests and is primarily aimed at those outside the forest sector. Current innovations in information technology and the fast removal of government regulations have enabled forest industry corporations to invest on a larger scale in optimal locations worldwide. The rapid expansion of forest plantations in the South is a response not only to globalization but also to the expanding conservation pressures in the North. Part IV is the global forum that introduces a few topical forest sector issues affecting the world as a whole. However, these tend to be very complex and can rarely be adequately covered from a single perspective. Therefore, discussants were invited to bring up additional points of view. Forests have great potential in the control of climate change. This is analyzed through both the increased use of wood for energy and the possible forestry investments by Northern nations in the South to cope with the requirements of the Kyoto Protocol. The interlinkages of forests and water are also highlighted. Part V is entitled Regional Forum. Its purpose is to analyze globally relevant continental issues. Interregional studies are followed by articles focusing on Latin America, Africa, Asia and the Pacific, North America, Europe, and the Russian Federation. The role of the G8 economic powers in the development of the world's forests is studied from the days of imperialism to the current Action Programme on Forests, and the implementation of the programme is followed up. A number of comparative analyses of countries are presented. The impacts of globalization on the forest sector in the Russian Far East and reforms in support of sustainable forest management in Russia are the two final themes of the book.

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Contents

EDITORIAL PERSPECTIVES
1
Profile of the WFSE Research Program
13
Africa
14
SOCIETIES AND ENVIRONMENTS
21
Prospects of Biotechnology
40
Global Freshwater Resources
47
IMPORTANCE OF FORESTS
59
1 Carbon Sinks in Different Forest Ecosystems in Latin America
68
9 Land Tenure and Sustainable Use of Farm Land and Forest in Namibia
327
D
329
10 Forest Plantations and Restoration of Biodiversity on Degraded Lands of Ethiopia
337
x
351
Special Reference to China
353
the Opposite of Multiple Use?
365
11 Australias Expanding Plantation Estate
371
Biodiversity Conservation and Forest Products in the United States Pacific Northwest
385

2 Forging a Strategy of Sustainability in Mexican Forests
82
3 8750 Threatened Tree Species in the World?
95
GLOBAL FORUM
105
Forest Sector Projects 121 Robert K Dixon ix
133
Valuing the Multiple Functions of Forests
149
from Imperialism to the Action Programme
165
World Trade Flows of Forest Products
207
Economic Crises Small Farmers and Forest Cover in Cameroon and Indonesia
219
Management of Secondary Forests in Colonist Swidden Agriculture in Peru Brazil
263
Municipal Governments and Forest Management in Bolivia and Nicaragua
279
Forest Investments in Latin America and the Caribbean
295
Forest Policies in Malawi MozambiqueTanzania and Zimbabwe
311
Sustaining Outdoor Recreation and Forests in the United States
395
12 Harvesting Fees for Public Timber in Canada
407
Europe
413
Changes in Wood Resources in Europe with Emphasis on Germany
425
Forest Policy Objectives and Institutions in Finland 19171997
437
Forest Resources for Employment and Regional Development
443
15 Forest Research Capacities in 18 European Countries
452
Reforms in Support of Sustainable Forestry in the Russian Federation
469
List
479
Index
487
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