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The necessity of making funding of vocational education a priority becomes readily apparent when you know the statistics. In America's Choice: high skills or low wages!, the Commission on the skills of the American Workforce reports that "more than 70 percent of the jobs in America will not require a college degree by the year 2000. These jobs are the backbone of our economy, and the productivity of workers in these jobs will make or break our economic future." Vocational-technical education prepares students for 26 of the 37 occupations that the Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts will account for the largest number of new jobs by 1995. Unless adequate resources are dedicated to this segment of the student population, we will have made no progress toward making America competitive again. If Congress does not make the investment now,

the future costs to our nation in lost wages and reduced standard of living will most certainly increase.

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While level funding vocational education as a whole, the Administration's budget proposal would totally eliminate funding for consumer and Homemaking Education. Though the Administration claims that consumer and Homemaking Education may be funded out of the Basic State Grant, the intent of Congress is clear that this program

be funded a separate line item. After extensive review during the reauthorization process, Congress continued Consumer and Homemaking Education a specific categorical program and expanded its functions. Consumer and Homemaking Education supports and strengthens the American family and economy by addressing problems such as teenage pregnancy, child abuse, family violence, consumer education, child nutrition, and balancing work and family life. These problems have reached crisis proportions across the nation and continued Federal leadership is essential to maintain this well-established and successful program.

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SUMMARY

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The newly reauthorized Perkins Act recognizes the growing role of vocationaltechnical education in teaching students the basic occupational and academic skills they need to enter increasingly competitive labor market. To accomplish the goals set forth in the new law, Congress significantly increased the 1991 authorization level to $1.6 billion. However, only $1.01 billion (or 63% of the authorized amount) was appropriated for vocational education for FY 1991.

Congress has the ability to demonstrate decisive leadership in facilitating the achievement of the national education goals. without a solid commitment in the form of Federal funding for vocational-technical education, many of the education goals will be unachievable. While other nation's place a premium on well-trained workers, lack of Federal funding for vocationaltechnical education is short-sighted and will clearly prevent the American workforce from competing in an increasingly international economy. The American Vocational Association therefore believes that a request of $1.6 billion to fund the Perkins Act for FY 1992 is not only reasonable in light of last year's funding level, but is

necessary in order to fulfill the mandates of the new law and to reverse the decline in U.s. productivity and competitiveness internationally.

STATEMENT OF THE NATIONAL MENTAL HEALTH

ASSOCIATION

The follerwing statement is submitted by the National Mental Health Association (NMILA) and concerns Fiscal Year 1992 approqrations for mental health programs. NMITA is the 11tlions only lizens' voluntary advokacy organization concerned with all aspects of mental health and mental illness With iner 500 aflatles acting the country, NMUTA works to meet this challenge that cdmatson, research, vivres and advocacy on the lexal, state, and national level.

Acording to the Natronal Institute of Mental Ilealth, almost one thital of American adults will uller from a dignerible mental of klictive disorder at some time in their lives. According to the Institute *** Meduine, au last 12 percent of American children (nearly 8 million) are currently in need of mental health services,

The Alininistration's T Y 1961? hudget prerades for only minimal increases for most mental health pornograms and promises the elimination in several programs that are critically needed inned prewen in W elleone NMITA's recuunmendations for 1 1992 lunding of programs related to the needs of primus with mental illness are detailed on the chart below. Of pecial concern are the following mongrants

Ak ohol. Drug Abuse and Mental Health Administration

• Research by the National Institute of Mental Health Funding is needed in IY 1902 10 comuut the next phase of the National Pkm for Research in Child and Adolese oni dental Disembers and to implement other NIMII initiatives ini mental health research.

• The Protectinn and Advocacy System for Persons with Mental Illness: This progranta continues to meet the critical need tor advocacy services for a neglected population in mang states, hurwever, it can only serve a small proportion of individuals with mental illness who reside in cate facilities. The program must experience major growth to ensure the provision of quality aducacy services to the large number of individuals with mental illnesses who live in institutions and cannot be served under current finding levels. The President proposes the elimination of funuling, maintaining that states will assume responsibility for continuation of the program. This is unlikely in that PAMTs are often called upon to investigate, and attempt 10 corect, instances of abuse and neglect hy salt in state-operated mental health institutions.

• Prevention Services Demonstrations; Established to test the results of prevention research studies, these meubel programs oller preventative services to individuals who are seriously mentally ill (ie Suicide prevention) ou at risk of developing it mental illness, including displacca workers, young children, adolescents, and children who are adopted or abused funds are pesently used to support sex demonstration programs focusing on the prevention of youth susade and chronic conduct disorders. The President's proposed lour percent increase is insufficient and will not allow for the continuation of existing presgrans it their bungeted level flew the funding of natives targeted toward individuals al risk,'

• The Community Support I'rogram (CSP) and the child and Adolescent Service Sistem Program (CASSI) The President's budget recommend a four percent increase, which will not allen for any adetumal state service quem improvement grants or research demonstration grants through (SP and will permit only continuation of current grants through CASSP. The funding level recommended by NMITA a necessary in order to accomplish IY 1992 goals, including the development of service demonstrations for the clderly, throughi (SP. and implementation of the highly effective model systeins of care established by the initial CASSI grants.

• Projects for Assistance in Transition from Homelessness (I'ATII): Authorized at $75 million per year through FY 1994. these grants to States allow for the provision of mental healllı, alcohol or drug treatment and housing services to people who are homeless and sullering from serious mental illness or a cinnbination of mental illness and substance abuse. The Administration's request for $43 million in IY 1992 is inadequate to meet the extensive needs of this population. Currently, States are able to serve no more th:40 twenty percent of the homeless population wiw are mentally ill and have indicated their ability and willingness 10 match federal grants at significantly higher levels.

Department of Education

• Special Education for Children who are Seriously Emotionally Disturbed (through the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act): Children and youth with severe emotional disorders are among the most underserved children in special education. The amount iluthorized for FY 1902 ($8 million) is necessary to allow for continued implementation of this program, designed to provide a range of educational interventions.

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NIMI!
Research
Research Management and Support
Research Training
Clinical Training
CSI/CASSP Demonstrations
I'revention Demonstrations
Protection & Advocacy
Homeless Service Demonstrations
L'ATTI
Consolidated Ilomeless I'roject
Cirints to the States
1'.1. 99-660 I'lanning
ADM Black Cirant: MIl portion
L'... 44.142 (IDEA)
State Girants
Program for Children with Serious Enotional Disturbance (SED)
Cirants for Infants and Families (l'art II Programı)

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Tresident would Trans Ter This program to TIUT)

$250,0

$254.01

130.0

$1.844.2

$1,42.6

N/A $117.1

$1,976.1

$1.00

$2.0

$12X.X

$1.411,0

LIST OF WITNESSES, COMMUNICATIONS, AND

PREPARED STATEMENTS

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Page Abboud, Dr. Francois, director, Cardiovascular Research Center, University of lowa College of Medicine, on behalf of American Heart Association

230 Prepared statement

232 Abercrombie, Hon. Neil, U.S. Representative from Hawaii

567 Akaka, Hon. Daniel K., U.S. Senator from Hawaii, prepared statement

501 Alberts, Dr. Bruæ M., University of California, School of Medicine, San Francisco

709 Prepared statement

711 Albrighi, Nathan W., National Labor Relations Board Union

817 American Academy of Allergy and Immunology, prepared statement

1010 American Academy of Neurology, prepared statement

1042 American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, prepared statement

947 American Academy of Physician Assistants, prepared statement

1029 American Association of Colleges of Nursing, prepared statement

930 American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine, prepared statement

842 American Association of Nurse Anesthetists, prepared statement

855 American Bar Association, prepared statement

1018 American Chemical Society, prepared statement ...

1035 American College of Nurse-Midwives, prepared statement

865 American College of Preventive Medicine, prepared statement

934 American Dental Hygienists' Association, prepared statement

1024 American Diabetes Association, prepared statement

920 American Federation for Clinical Research, prepared statement

970 American Fertility Society, prepared statement

964 American Heart Association, prepared statement

1051 American Humane Association, prepared statement

1031 American Psychological Association, prepared statement

848 American Psychological Association, Division of Rehabilitation Psychology, prepared statement

844 American Public Power Association, prepared statement

1008 American Society for Microbiology, prepared statements

861, 936 American Society of Allied Health Professions, prepared statement

932 American Society of Clinical Oncology, prepared statement

929 American Trauma Society, prepared statement

1033 American Veterinary Medical Association, prepared statement

877 American Vocational Association, prepared statements .....

993, 1053 A poliona, S. Haunani, president and chief executive officer, Alu Like, Inc., Honolulu, HI ......

532 Prepared statements

543, 557 Armstrong, Martha, Massachusetts Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals

608 Asbury, Dr. Arthur K., University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, on

behalf of the National Association of State Universities and Land-Grant Colleges

190 Prepared statement

192 Ashley, Frank B., Ph.D., project administrator, National Youth Sports Program Project, Texas A&M University

334 Prepared statement

335 Associated General Contractors of America, prepared statement

846 Association for Gerontology in Higher Education, prepared statement

879 Association of American's Public Television Stations, prepared statement 979 Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges, prepared statement 877

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Association of University Programs in Health Administration, prepared state-

ment
Association of University Programs in Occupational Health and Safety, pre-

pared statement
Atlantic Emergency Medical Services Council, prepared statement
Ball, John E.D., president, National Captioning Institute, prepared state-

ment
Barnes, Ambassador Harry G., executive director, Critical Languages and
Area Studies Consortium

Prepared statement
Bartels, Elmer C., Council of State Administrators of Vocational Rehabilita-
tion

Prepared statement
Bell, Norman H., former president, American Society for Bone and Mineral
Research

Prepared statement
Bentsen, Hon. Lloyd, U.S. Senator from Texas
Berman, Brian, on behalf of National Gaucher Foundation

Prepared statement
Bess, Lily, vice president, National Captioning Institute
Best, Michele Lynn, American Society of Clinical Pathologists

Prepared statement
Bickers, David, professor and chairman of dermatology, Case Western Re-
serve University, on behalf of the Society for Investigative Dermatology

Prepared statement
Billings, Dr. Ruth E., University of Nevada School of Medicine, on behalf
of Association of University Environmental Health Science Centers

Letter from

Prepared statement
Blair, Stephen J., president, National Association of Trade and Technical
Schools and the Association of Independent Colleges and Schools

Prepared statement
Block, Alvin V., president, ESA, Inc., Bedford, MA

Letter from

Prepared statement
Borallis, Loretta, administrator, Ke Ola Pono No Na Kupuna Project, Alu

Like, Inc. Honolulu, HI
Bothe, Albert, Jr., chairman, public policy committee, American Society for
Parenteral Enteral Nutrition

Prepared statement.....
Boyle, Marcia, president, Immune Deficiency Foundation
Brabham, Robert E., M.D., executive director, National Rehabilitation Asso-
ciation

Prepared statement
Breckenmaker, Lynn Cooper, National Family Planning and Reproductive
Health Association

Prepared statement
Bridgen, Dr. Pamela J., executive director, Association of Biotechnology Com-
panies

Prepared statement
Bross, Daniel T., executive director, AIDS Action Council

Prepared statement
Brown, Senator, prepared statement
Browstein, Alan, executive director of the National Hemophilia Foundation
Buist, Dr. A. Sonia, Oregon Health Sciences University, on behalf of Amer-
ican Lung Association, IUATLD, and the American Thoracic Society

Prepared statement
Butler, Barbara, chairperson, Coalition of Patient Advocates for Skin Disease
Research

Prepared statement
Byron, Father William, president, Catholic University, on behalf of American
Council on Education, et al

Prepared statement
Canaan, Patrick, governmental liaison, U.S. Catholic Conference
Cassell, Dr. Gail, American Society for Microbiology

Prepared statement

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836
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838

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