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(a) Limit authorization and payment of transportation expenses to those expenses that result in the greatest advantage to the Government;

(b) Ensure that travel is by the most expeditious means practicable.

301-70.701 Who has the authority to grant

exemptions to mandatory use of Government contractor-issued travel charge

card for official travel? 301-70.702 Must we notify the Administrator

of General Services when we grant an ex

emption? 301-70.703 If we grant an exemption, does

that prevent the employee from using

the card on a voluntary basis? 301-70.704 What expenses and/or classes of

employees are exempt from the mandatory use of the Government contractor

issued travel charge card? 301-70.705 What methods of payment for of

ficial travel expenses may we authorize when an exemption from use of the Government contractor-issued travel charge

card is granted? 301-70.706 May an employee use the Govern

ment contractor-issued travel charge card for purposes other than those asso

ciated with official travel? 301-70.707 What are the consequences of

using the Government contractor-issued travel charge card for non-official travel

purposes? AUTHORITY: 5 U.S.C. 5707; 40 U.S.C. 486(c); Sec. 2, Pub. L. 105–264, 112 Stat. 2350 (5 U.S.C. 5701 note).

SOURCE: 63 FR 15971, Apr. 1, 1998, unless otherwise noted.

8 301–70.101 What factors must we con

sider in determining which method of transportation results in the greatest advantage to the Govern

ment? In selecting a particular method of transportation you must consider:

(a) The total cost to the Government, including per diem, overtime, lost worktime, actual transportation cost, total distance of travel, number of points visited, the number of travelers and energy conservation. As stated in 5 U.S.C. 5733, "travel of an employee shall be by the most expeditious means of transportation practicable and shall be commensurate with the nature and purpose of the duties of the employee requiring such travel.”

(b) Travel by common carrier (air, rail, bus) is considered the most advantageous method to perform official travel. Other methods of transportation may be authorized as advantageous only when the use of common carrier transportation would interfere with the performance of official business or impose an undue hardship upon the traveler, or when the total cost by common carrier exceeds the cost by another method of transportation. A determination that another method of transportation is more advantageous to the Government than common carrier will not be made on the basis of personal preference or inconvenience to the traveler.

Subpart A-General Policies and

Procedures

8301-70.1 How must we administer the

authorization and payment of trav

el expenses? You must limit the authorization and payment of travel expenses to travel that is necessary to accomplish your mission in the most economical and effective manner, in accordance with the rules stated throughout this chapter. Consideration should be given, but not limited, to budget constraints, adherence to travel policies, and reasonableness of expenses. You should always consider alternatives, including teleconferencing, prior to authorizing travel.

SUBPART B-POLICIES AND PROCE

DURES RELATING TO TRANS-
PORTATION

8301-70.102 What governing policies

must we establish for authorization and payment of transportation ex

penses? You must establish policies and procedures governing:

(a) Who will determine what method of transportation is more advantageous to the Government;

(b) Who will approve any of the following:

(1) Use of premium class service under $301–10.123, 8301–10.124, $301– 10.162 and 8 301–10.183 of this chapter;

8301-70.100 How must we administer

the authorization and payment of

transportation expenses? You must:

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(2) Use of a special-reduced fare or re- (1) Full utilization or availability of duced group or charter fare;

fleet vehicles; (3) Use of an extra-fare train service (2) Lower cost; under 8301-10.164;

(3) Official presence. (4) Use of ship service;

(b) The type of travel the employee (5) Use of a foreign ship;

performs. You should require such a (6) Use of a foreign air carrier;

commitment when an employee (c) When you will:

group of employees requires the use of (1) Require the use of a Government an automobile for official travel on a vehicle;

frequent or repetitive basis. (2) Allow the use of a Government ve

8301–70.105 May we prohibit an emhicle; and

ployee from using a POV on official (3) Prohibit the use of a Government

travel? vehicle; (d) When you will consider use of a

No, but if the employee elects to use

a POV instead of an alternative form of POV advantageous to the Government,

transportation you

authorize, such as travel to/from common carrier

you

must: terminals, or transportation to a TDY location;

(a) Limit reimbursement to the con

structive cost of the authorized method (e) Procedures for claiming POV reimbursement;

of transportation, which is the sum of (f) When you will allow use of a spe

per diem and transportation expenses cial conveyance (e.g. commercially

the employee would reasonably have rented vehicles);

incurred when traveling by the author(g) What procedures an employee

ized method of transportation; and must follow when he/she travels by an

(b) Charge leave for any duty hours

that are missed as a result of travel by indirect route or interrupts travel by a

POV. direct route; and

(h) For local transportation whether to reimburse the full amount of trans- Subpart C-Policies and Proceportation costs or only the amount by

dures Relating to Per Diem Exwhich transportation costs exceed the penses employee's normal costs for transportation between:

8301-70.200 What governing policies (1) Office or duty point and another

must we establish for authorization place of business;

and payment of per diem expenses? (2) Places of business; or

You must establish policies and pro(3) Residence and place of business

cedures governing: other than office or duty point.

(a) Who will authorize a rest period;

(b) Circumstances allowing a rest pe8301–70.103 In what circumstance may riod during prolonged travel (see $301

we authorize use of ship service? 11.20 for minimum standards); Travel by ship is not generally re

(c) If, and in what instances, you will garded as advantageous. You must de

allow an employee to return to his/her termine that the advantages accruing

official station on non-workdays; from the use of ocean transportation

(d) Who will determine if an emoffset the higher costs associated with

ployee will be allowed to return to his/

her official station on a case by case ship travel, i.e., per diem, transpor

basis. tation, and lost worktime.

(e) Who will determine in what in8301–70.104 What factors should we stances you will pay a reduced per

consider in determining whether to diem rate;
require an employee to commit to (f) Who will determine, and in what
the use of a Government auto-

instances, actual expenses are appromobile?

priate in each individual case; and You should consider:

(g) If you will define a radius broader (a) The advantages of using a Govern- than the official station in which per ment automobile. Such advantages diem or actual expense will not be aumay include, but are not limited to: thorized.

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(a) Limit authorization and payment of transportation expenses to those expenses that result in the greatest advantage to the Government;

(b) Ensure that travel is by the most expeditious means practicable.

301-70.701 Who has the authority to grant

exemptions to mandatory use of Government contractor-issued travel charge

card for official travel? 301-70.702 Must we notify the Administrator

of General Services when we grant an ex

emption? 301-70.703 If we grant an exemption, does

that prevent the employee from using

the card on a voluntary basis? 301-70.704 What expenses and/or classes of

employees are exempt from the mandatory use of the Government contractor

issued travel charge card? 301-70.705 What methods of payment for of

ficial travel expenses may we authorize when an exemption from use of the Government contractor-issued travel charge

card is granted? 301-70.706 May an employee use the Govern

ment contractor-issued travel charge card for purposes other than those asso

ciated with official travel? 301-70.707 What are the consequences of

using the Government contractor-issued travel charge card for non-official travel

purposes? AUTHORITY: 5 U.S.C. 5707; 40 U.S.C. 486(c); Sec. 2, Pub. L. 105–264, 112 Stat. 2350 (5 U.S.C. 5701 note).

SOURCE: 63 FR 15971, Apr. 1, 1998, unless otherwise noted.

8301–70.101 What factors must we con

sider in determining which method of transportation results in the greatest advantage to the Govern.

ment? In selecting a particular method of transportation you must consider:

(a) The total cost to the Government, including per diem, overtime, lost worktime, actual transportation cost, total distance of travel, number of points visited, the number of travelers and energy conservation. As stated in 5 U.S.C. 5733, “travel of an employee shall be by the most expeditious means of transportation practicable and shall be commensurate with the nature and purpose of the duties of the employee requiring such travel.”

(b) Travel by common carrier (air, rail, bus) is considered the most advantageous method to perform official travel. Other methods of transportation may be authorized as advantageous only when the use of common carrier transportation would interfere with the performance of official business or impose an undue hardship upon the traveler, or when the total cost by common carrier exceeds the cost by another method of transportation. A determination that another method of transportation is more advantageous to the Government than common carrier will not be made on the basis of personal preference or inconvenience to the traveler.

Subpart A-General Policies and

Procedures

8301–70.1 How must we administer the

authorization and payment of trav

el expenses? You must limit the authorization and payment of travel expenses to travel that is necessary to accomplish your mission in the most economical and effective manner, in accordance with the rules stated throughout this chapter. Consideration should be given, but not limited, to budget constraints, adherence to travel policies, and reasonableness of expenses. You should always consider alternatives, including teleconferencing, prior to authorizing travel.

SUBPART B-POLICIES AND PROCE

DURES RELATING TO TRANS-
PORTATION

8301-70.102 What governing policies

must we establish for authorization and payment of transportation ex

penses? You must establish policies and procedures governing:

(a) Who will determine what method of transportation is more advantageous to the Government;

(b) Who will approve any of the following:

(1) Use of premium class service under 8301–10.123, 8301–10.124, 830110.162 and 8301-10.183 of this chapter;

8301–70.100 How must we administer

the authorization and payment of transportation expenses? You must:

em

(2) Use of a special-reduced fare or reduced group or charter fare;

(3) Use of an extra-fare train service under $301-10.164;

(4) Use of ship service;
(5) Use of a foreign ship;
(6) Use of a foreign air carrier;
(c) When you will:

(1) Require the use of a Government vehicle;

(2) Allow the use of a Government vehicle; and

(3) Prohibit the use of a Government vehicle;

(d) When you will consider use of a POV advantageous to the Government, such as travel to/from common carrier terminals, or transportation to a TDY location;

(e) Procedures for claiming POV reimbursement;

(f) When you will allow use of a special

conveyance (e.g. commercially rented vehicles);

(g) What procedures an employee must follow when he/she travels by an indirect route or interrupts travel by a direct route; and

(h) For local transportation whether to reimburse the full amount of transportation costs or only the amount by which transportation costs exceed the employee's normal costs for transportation between:

(1) Office or duty point and another place of business;

(2) Places of business; or

(3) Residence and place of business other than office or duty point.

(1) Full utilization or availability of fleet vehicles;

(2) Lower cost;
(3) Official presence.

(b) The type of travel the employee performs. You should require such a commitment when an employee or group of employees requires the use of an automobile for official travel on a frequent or repetitive basis. 8301–70.105 May we prohibit an

ployee from using a POV on official

travel? No, but if the employee elects to use a POV instead of an alternative form of transportation you authorize, you must:

(a) Limit reimbursement to the constructive cost of the authorized method of transportation, which is the sum of per diem and transportation expenses the employee would reasonably have incurred when traveling by the authorized method of transportation; and

(b) Charge leave for any duty hours that are missed as a result of travel by POV.

8301–70.103 In what circumstance may

we authorize use of ship service? Travel by ship is not generally regarded as advantageous. You must determine that the advantages accruing from the use of ocean transportation offset the higher costs associated with ship travel, i.e., per diem, transportation, and lost worktime.

Subpart C-Policies and Proce

dures Relating to Per Diem Ex

penses 8301-70.200 What governing policies

must we establish for authorization

and payment of per diem expenses? You must establish policies and procedures governing:

(a) Who will authorize a rest period;

(b) Circumstances allowing a rest period during prolonged travel (see $ 301– 11.20 for minimum standards);

(c) If, and in what instances, you will allow an employee to return to his/her official station on non-workdays;

(d) Who will determine if an employee will be allowed to return to his/ her official station on a case by case basis.

(e) Who will determine in what instances you will pay a reduced per diem rate;

(f) Who will determine, and in what instances, actual expenses are appropriate in each individual case; and

(8) If you will define a radius broader than the official station in which per diem or actual expense will not be authorized

8301–70.104 What factors should we

consider in determining whether to require an employee to commit to the use of a Government auto

mobile? You should consider:

(a) The advantages of using a Government automobile. Such advantages may include, but are not limited to:

Subpart D-Policies and Proce

dures Relating to Miscellaneous Expenses

em

8 301–70.300 How should we admin

ister the authorization and pay

ment of miscellaneous expenses? You should limit payment of miscellaneous expenses to only those expenses that are necessary and in the interest of the Government.

8301–70.401 What governing policies

and procedures must we establish regarding travel of an employee

with a disability or special need? You must establish the policies and procedures governing:

(a) Who will determine if an ployee has a disability or special need which requires accommodation, including when documentation is necessary under $ $ 301-10.123, 301-10.124, 301–10.162, and 301–10.183, and when a determination may be based on a clearly visible physical condition; and

(b) Who will determine how to reasonably accommodate the employee and what expenses you will pay.

8301–70.301 What governing policies

must we establish for payment of

miscellaneous expenses? You must establish policies and procedures governing:

(a) Who will determine when excess baggage is necessary for official travel;

(b) When you will pay for communications services, including whether you will pay for a telephone call to the employee's home or place where the employee's dependent children are;

(c) Who will determine if other miscellaneous expenses are appropriate for reimbursement in connection with official travel.

Subpart F-Policies and Proce

dures for Emergency Travel of Employee Due to Illness or In

jury 8301-70.500 What governing policies

and procedures should we establish

relating to emergency travel? Each agency mu

determine: (a) When you will authorize emergency travel under part 301–30;

(b) Who will determine if the employee's situation warrants payment for emergency travel expenses;

(c) When and by whom travel to an alternate location other than official station or point of interruption will be authorized; and

(d) Who will determine when and if the definition of family may be extended and to whom.

Subpart E-Policies and Proce

dures Relating to Travel of an Employee with a Disability or Special Need

8 301-70.400 How should we authorize

and administer the payment of additional travel expenses for an employee with a disability or special

need? You should authorize and administer the payment to reasonably accommodate employee(s) with disabilities in accordance with the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended, 29 U.S.C. 701-797(b) and 5 U.S.C. 3102 and Part 301–13 of this chapter. An employee with a special need should be treated the same as an employee with a disability. The additional travel expenses must be necessary to accommodate the employee's needs.

8301-70.501 Does per diem continue

when an employee interrupts a travel assignment because of an incapacitating illness or injury? Yes. Such an employee who takes leave of any kind will be allowed a per diem allowance not to exceed the maximum rates for the location where the interruption occurs. Per diem may be continued for a reasonable period, normally not to exceed 14 calendar days (including fractional days) for any one period of absence. However, per diem will not be paid if the employee is confined to a hospital or medical facility at the official duty station or medical facility which the employee would

(63 FR 15971, Apr. 1, 1998; 63 FR 35538, June 30, 1998]

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