Pollution Prevention and Abatement Handbook, 1998: Toward Cleaner Production, Volume 777
"Originally developed to help staff, clients, and consultants prepare and implement operations supported by the Bank Group, this Handbook updates and replaces the Environmental Guidelines issued in 1988 and reflects changes both in technology and in pollution management policies and practices. It focuses attention on the environmental and economic benefits of preventing pollution and emphasizes cleaner production and good management techniques."--BOOK JACKET.
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abatement acceptable achieve acid activities addition air emissions air pollution alternatives ambient applied approach areas assessment benefits carbon changes charges chemical collection compounds concentrations contain costs countries developing discharge disposal dust economic effects efficiency effluent emissions levels energy Environment environmental established estimate example exposure fuel given guidelines hazardous human impacts implementation improve increase industrial involved issues kg/t lead less levels Liquid loads manufacturing materials matter maximum measures ment metals methods minimize models monitoring nitrogen oxides normally operating organic parameters particulate performance plant Pollution Prevention possible practices Prevention problems production range reduce removal reported risk sampling sector solid wastes sources specific standards studies sulfur sulfur dioxide Table technical technologies tion toxic treatment United waste wastewater World Bank World Bank Group
Page 28 - Critical load' means a quantitative estimate of an exposure to one or more pollutants below which significant harmful effects on specified sensitive elements of the environment do not occur, according to present knowledge; 9.
Page 169 - Convention, stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system.
Page 446 - Disposal Final placement or destruction of toxic, radioactive, or other wastes; surplus or banned pesticides or other chemicals; polluted soils; and drums containing hazardous materials from removal actions or accidental releases. Disposal may be accomplished through use of approved secure landfills, surface impoundments, land farming, deep well injection, ocean dumping, or incineration.
Page 452 - Secretary shall declare to be a pest, and (2) any substance or mixture of substances intended for use as a plant regulator, defoliant or desiccant."25...
Page 451 - Permit An authorization, license, or equivalent control document issued by EPA or an approved state agency to implement the requirements of an environmental regulation; eg, a permit to operate a wastewater treatment plant or to operate a facility that may generate harmful emissions.
Page 447 - Eutrophication The slow aging process during which a lake, estuary, or bay evolves into a bog or marsh and eventually disappears. During the later stages of eutrophication the water body is choked by abundant plant life as the result of increased amounts of nutritive compounds such as nitrogen and phosphorus Human activities can accelerate the process.
Page 445 - The natural biological decomposition of organic material in the presence of air to form a humus-like material. Controlled methods of composting include mechanical mixing and aerating, ventilating the materials by dropping them through a vertical series of aerated chambers, or placing the compost in piles out in the open air and mixing it or turning it periodically.