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SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE
COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

EIGHTY-FOURTH CONGRESS

SECOND SESSION

SUBCOMMITTEE ON PUBLIC WORKS APPROPRIATIONS

CLARENCE CANNON, Missouri, Chairman
LOUIS C. RABAUT, Michigan

GLENN R. DAVIS, Wisconsin
MICHAEL J. KIRWAN, Ohio

BEN F. JENSEN, Iowa
JOHN E. FOGARTY, Rhode Island JOHN PHILLIPS, California
JOHN J. RILEY, South Carolina H. CARL ANDERSEN, Minnesota
JOE L. EVINS, Tennessee

T. MILLET HAND, New Jersey
EDWARD P. BOLAND, Massachusetts JOHN TABER, New York
JAMES C. MURRAY, Illinois
DON MAGNUSON, Washington

CARSON CULP, Staff Assistant to the Subcommittee

CIVIL FUNCTIONS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
BUREAU OF RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

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CLARENCE CANNON, Missouri, Chairman
GEORGE H. MAHON, Texas

JOHN TABER, New York
HARRY R. SHEPPARD, California

RICHARD B. WIGGLESWORTH, Massachusetts
ALBERT THOMAS, Texas

BEN F. JENSEN, Iowa
MICHAEL J. KIRWAN, Ohio

H. CARL ANDERSEN, Minnesota
W. F. NORRELL, Arkansas

WALT HORAN, Washington
JAMIE L. WHITTEN, Mississippi

GORDON CANFIELD, New Jersey
GEORGE W. ANDREWS, Alabama

IVOR D, FENTON, Pennsylvania
JOHN J. ROONEY, New York

JOHN PHILLIPS, California
J. VAUGHAN GARY, Virginia

ERRETT P, SCRIVNER, Kansas
JOHN E. FOGARTY, Rhode Island

FREDERIC R. COUDERT, JR., New York
ROBERT L. F. SIKES, Florida

CLIFF CLEVENGER, Ohio
ANTONIO M. FERNANDEZ, New Mexico EARL WILSON, Indiana
PRINCE H. PRESTON, Georgia

GLENN R. DAVIS, Wisconsin
OTTO E. PASSMAN, Louisiana

BENJAMIN F. JAMES, Pennsylvania
LOUIS C. RABAUT, Michigan

GERALD R. FORD, JR., Michigan
SIDNEY R. YATES, Illinois

EDWARD T. MILLER, Maryland
FRED MARSHALL, Minnesota

CHARLES W. VURSELL, Illinois
JOHN J. RILEY, South Carolina

T. MILLET HAND, New Jersey
ALFRED D, SIEMINSKI, New Jersey

HAROLD C. OSTERTAG, New York
JOE L. EVINS, Tennessee

FRANK T, BOW, Ohio
HENDERSON LANHAM, Georgia
CHARLES B. DEANE, North Carolina
JOHN F. SHELLEY, California
EDWARD P. BOLAND, Massachusetts
DON MAGNUSON, Washington
WILLIAM H. NATCHER, Kentucky
DANIEL J. FLOOD, Pennsylvania
WINFIELD K. DENTON, Indiana
JAMES C. MURRAY, Minois

KENNETH SPRANKLE, Clerk and Staff Director

(II)

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DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY

MAJ. GEN. E. C. ITSCHNER, ASSISTANT CHIEF OF ENGINEERS FOR

CIVIL WORKS

COL. G. H. WALKER, EXECUTIVE, CIVIL WORKS

COL. J. U. ALLEN, ASSISTANT CHIEF OF CIVIL WORKS FOR RIVERS

AND HARBORS

COL. H. W. PENNEY, ASSISTANT CHIEF OF CIVIL WORKS FOR FLOOD

CONTROL

COL. R. W. DALRYMPLE, ASSISTANT, CIVIL WORKS

C. C. BURGER, ACTING CHIEF, OPERATIONS DIVISION

MAJ. F. R. GARRETT, ASSISTANT CHIEF OF CIVIL WORKS FOR

POWER

C. PAGE, CHIEF, PLANNING DIVISION, CIVIL WORKS

B. J. TOFANI, CHIEF, PROGRAMS BRANCH, CIVIL WORKS

H. COHEN, ASSISTANT CHIEF, PROGRAMS BRANCH, CIVIL WORKS

J. R. BRENNAN, CHIEF, SURVEY BRANCH, CIVIL WORKS

BRIG. GEN. J. R. HARDIN, PRESIDENT, MISSISSIPPI RIVER COM-

MISSION AND DIVISION ENGINEER, LOWER MISSISSIPPI VALLEY

DIVISION

H. V. DARLING, SPECIAL ASSISTANT FOR MISSISSIPPI RIVER, CIVIL

WORKS

BRIG. GEN. T. D. WEAVER, PRESIDENT, BEACH EROSION BOARD

COL. H. S. MILLER, RESIDENT MEMBER, RIVER AND HARBOR BOARD

H. K. HOWES, ASSISTANT CHIEF, BUDGET AND PROGRAMS DIVI-

SION, OEC

MISS J. P. SMITH, CHIEF, PERSONNEL ESTIMATES AND REPORTS

BRANCH, OEC

H. MILLER, CHIEF, REVOLVING FUND ACCOUNTING SECTION, OEC

BRIG. GEN. W. E. POTTER, DIVISION ENGINEER, MISSOURI RIVER

DIVISION

BRIG. GEN. R. J. FLEMING, JR., DIVISION ENGINEER, NEW ENGLAND

DIVISION

COL. C. RENSHAW, DIVISION ENGINEER, NORTH ATLANTIC DIVI-

SION

BRIG. GEN. P. D. BERRIGAN, DIVISION ENGINEER, NORTH CENTRAL

DIVISION

BRIG. GEN. LOUIS H. FOOTE, DIVISION ENGINEER, NORTH PACIFIC

DIVISION

COL. J. L. PERSON, DIVISION ENGINEER, OHIO RIVER DIVISION

BRIG. GEN. H. J. HOEFFLER, DIVISION ENGINEER, SOUTH ATLANTIC

DIVISION

COL. W. F. CASSIDY, DIVISION ENGINEER, SOUTH PACIFIC DIVISION

BRIG. GEN. L. E. SEEMAN, DIVISION ENGINEER, SOUTHWESTERN

DIVISION

(1)

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY

FRED G. AANDAHL, ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR WATER AND

POWER DEVELOPMENT SIDNEY D. LARSON, DIRECTOR, DIVISION OF BUDGET AND FINANCE

BUREAU OF RECLAMATION

W. A. DEXHEIMER, COMMISSIONER
8. W. CROSTHWAIT, ASSISTANT COMMISSIONER
E. G. NIELSEN, ASSISTANT COMMISSIONER
A. R. GOLZÉ, CHIEF, DIVISION OF PROGRAM COORDINATION AND

FINANCE
N. B. BENNETT, CHIEF, DIVISION OF PROJECT DEVELOPMENT
D. S. CAMPBELL, CHIEF, DIVISION OF POWER
F. E. DOMINY, CHIEF, DIVISION OF IRRIGATION
R. W. JENNINGS, REGIONAL DIRECTOR, AMARILLO, TEX,
R. J. WALTER, JR., REGIONAL DIRECTOR, DENVER, COLO.
F. J. CLINTON, REGIONAL DIRECTOR, BILLINGS, MONT.
H. T. NELSON, REGIONAL DIRECTOR, BOISE, IDAHO
C. H. SPENCER, REGIONAL DIRECTOR, SACRAMENTO, CALIF.
E. O. LARSON, REGIONAL DIRECTOR, SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH
W. H. TAYLOR, REGIONAL DIRECTOR, BOULDER CITY, COLO.

CIVIL FUNCTIONS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY Mr. CANNON. The committee will come to order.

The committee will hear at this time from General Itschner, for the Chief of Engineers. General Itschner, you have a prepared statement?

General ITSCHNER. Yes, sir; I do.
Mr. Cannon. You may proceed, if you will.

GENERAL STATEMENT OF CHIEF OF ENGINEERS

General ITSCHNER. Mr. Chairman, the Chief of Engineers, General Sturgis, asked me to express to you his sincere regret that he is unable to be here today to make the opening statement. General Sturgis is convalescing in the South and is expected to be back in 2 weeks.

Mr. CANNON. I am sorry General Sturgis could not be here, but I am confident he sent a very competent representative.

General ITSCHNER. I assure you the statement I shall make today was written by General Sturgis, and I will present it just as he prepared it.

First I would like to present members of my staff who will testify before your committee and who will be available to answer any questions you may have today.

First is Colonel Walker, executive, Civil Works, who will testify on general expenses and some of the studies.

Colonel Allen, Assistant Chief of Civil Works for Rivers and Harbors, on navigation projects.

Colonel Penney, flood-control projects.
Colonel Dalrymple, his assistant, on flood-control projects.
Major Garrett, on multipurpose projects with power.
Mr. Tofani, Chief of the Programs Branch,
Mr. Harry Cohen, Assistant Chief of the Programs Branch.
Mr. Clarence Burger, Acting Chief of the Operations Division.
And Mr. Brennan, Chief of the Survey Branch.

I shall now proceed, sir, to read the statement which was prepared by General Sturgis.

Last year I brought to your attention a number of significant accomplishments and improvements in coordination in the field of Federal water resources development which affect our civil works program. I also outlined the major problems confronting us and our progress in meeting the desires of this committee. This year I wish to limit myself to a brief résumé of civil works activity in the year just past and an outline of the more serious problems that would adversely affect the future of the corps.

MAJOR FLOODS

The outstanding event of the year just past, and one which has had an important impact on the civil works program, was the occurrence of destructive floods in the North Atlantic and New England areas as a result of the hurricanes of last summer and fall storms. These floods required participation by the corps in civil restoration as the action agency of the Federal Civil Defense Agency. This essential work imposed a heavy additional workload upon the corps which affected not only our North Atlantic and New England divisions, but other divisions which sent personnel to the disaster areas.

Again, in late December and early January destructive floods occurred in California, Oregon, and Nevada.

The occurrence of these foods has focused attention on the need for flood protection in these areas and made the people of the United States aware of the flood danger throughout the Nation. Much of the population appeared to be surprised to learn that, although substantial progress has been made in flood control, most of our major river basins still lack adequate protection. In pointing this out, I fully realize that the need for flood control must take its place among other calls on the Federal Treasury, but I can assure you that the need is most urgent.

CONSTRUCTION PROGRAM

The year just passed has been challenging to the Corps of Engineers and in many respects an important one to the civil works program.

In fiscal year 1956 the Congress appropriated funds to start 111 new projects. This represented the first major infusion of new work into

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