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B. TEXT OF Public Law 89-670
Public Law 89-670
BO STAT. 93
To ertablish a Department of Transportation, and for other purposes
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, that this Act may be Department of cited as the “Department of Transportation Act”.
Aot. DECLARATION OF PURPOSE SEC. 2. (a) The Congress hereby declares that the general welfare, the economic growth and stability of the Nation and its security require the development of national transportation policies and programs conducive to the provision of fast, sa fe, efficient, and convenient transportation at the lowest cost consistent therewith and with other national objectives, including the efficient utilization and conservation of the Nation's resources.
(b) (1) The Congress therefore finds that the establishment of a Department of Transportation is necessary in the public interest and to assure the coordinated, effective administration of the transportation programs of the Federal Government; to facilitate the development and improvement of coordinated transportation service, to be provided by private enterprise to the maximum extent feasible; to encourage cooperation of Federal, State, and local governments, carriers, labor, and other interested parties toward the achievement of national transportation objectives; to stimulate technological advances in transportation; to provide general leadership in the identification and solution of transportation problems; and to develop and recommend to the President and the Congress for approval national transportation policies and programs to accomplish these objectives with full and appropriate consideration of the needs of the public, users, carriers, industry, labor, and the national defense.
(2) It is hereby declared to be the national policy that special effort should be made to preserve the natural beauty of the countryside and public park and recreation lands, wildlife and waterfowl refuges, and historic sites.
ESTABLISHMENT OF DEPARTMENT Sec. 3. (a) There is hereby established at the seat of government an executive department to be known as the Department of Transportation (hereafter referred to in this Act as the “Department”). There Sooretary. shall be at the head of the Department a Secretary of Transportation (hereafter referred to in this Act as the “Secretary"), who shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.
(b) There shall be in the Department an Under Secretary, who shall Under Secretary, be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senaid. The Under Secretary (or, during the absence or disability of the Under Secretary, or in the event of a vacancy in the office of Under Secretary, an Assistant Secretary or the General Counsel, determined according to such order as the Secretary shall prescribe) shall act for, and exercise the powers of the Secretary, during the absence or disability of the Secretary or in the event of a vacancy in the office of Secretary. The Under Secretary shall perform such functions, powers, and duties as the Secretary shall prescribe from time to time.
(%) There shall be in the Department four Assistant Secretaries Assistant Seoroand a General Counsel, who shall be appointed by the President, by taries, General
80 STAT. 932
and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and who shall perform such functions, powers, and duties as the Secretary shall prescribe
from time to time. Assistant Sooro.
(d) There shall be in the Department an Assistant Secretary for tary for Admin
Administration, who shall be appointed, with the approval of the istration.
President, by the Secretary under the clnssified civil service who shall perform such functions, powers, and duties as the Secretary shall
prescribe from time to time. Administrations. (e)(1). There is hereby established within the Department a Fed
eral Highway, Administration; a Federal Railroad Administration; and a Federal Aviation Administration. Each of these components shall be headed by an Administrator, and in the case of the Federal Aviation Administration there shall also be a Deputy Administrator. The Administrators and the Deputy Federal Aviation Administrator shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and con
sent of the Senate. Poderal Aviation (2) The qualifications of the Administrator of the Federal Avintion Administrator, Agency specified in section 301(b) of the Federal Aviation Act of qualifioations. 1958, as am ded (72 Stat. 744; 49 U.S.C. 1341), and the qualifica
tions and status of the Deputy Administrator specified in section 302(b) of the Federal Aviation Act of 1958, as amended (72 Stat. 744; 49 Ù.S.C. 1342), shall apply, respectively, to the Administrator and Deputy Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration. However, nothing in this Act shall be construed to preclude the nppointment of the present Administrator of the Federal Aviation Agency as Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration
in accordance with the provisions of the Act of June 22, 1965, as 49 USC 1341 noto, amended (79 Stat. 171). Coast Guard. (3) In addition to such functions, powers, and duties as are specified
in this Act to be carried out by the Administrators, the Administrators and the Commandant of the Coast Guard shall carry out such additional functions, powers, and duties as the Secretary may prescribe. The Administrators and the Commandant of the Coast Guard shall
report directly to the Secretary. Transfor of (4) The functions, powers, and duties specified in this Act to bo powers pro- carried out by each Administrator shall not be transferred elsewhere hibited.
In the Department unless specifically provided for by reorganization
plan submitted pursuant to provisions of chapter 9 of title 5, United Ante, p. 393. States Code, or by statute. Nationa, Traffio (f)(1) The Secretary shall carry out the provisions of the National Safoty Bureau, Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966 (80 Stat. 718) through a
National Traffic Safety Bureau (hereafter referred to in this paragraph as “Bureau"), which he shall establish in the Department of Transportation. The Bureau shall be headed by a Director who shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of
the Senate, and shall be compensated at the rate prescribed for level V Ante, p. 463. of the Executive Schedule. All other provisions of the National
Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966 shall apply. National High (2) The Secretary shall carry out the provisions of the Highway way Safoty Bur- Safety Act of 1966 (80 Stat. 731) (including chapter 4 of title 23 of
the United States Code) through a National Highway Safety Bureau (hereafter referred to in this paragraph as “Bureau"), which he shall establish in the Department of Transportation. The Bureau shall be headed by a Director who shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, who shall be compensated at the rate prescribed for level V of the Executive Schedule. All other provisions of the Highway Safety Act of 1966 shall apply.
(3) The President is authorized, as provided in section 201 of the Highway Safety Act of 1966, to carry out the provisions of the
80 STAT. 933 National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966 through the Anto, p. 718. Bureau and Director authorized by section 201 of the Highway Safety Act of 1966.
Ante, p. 731. (4) The office of Federal Highway Administrator, created by section Director of 303 of title 23, United States Code, is hereby transferred to and con- Public Road, tinued within the Department under the title Director of Public Roads. 75 Stat. 822; The Director shall be the operating head of the Bureau of Public 78 Stat. 425. Roads, or any other agency created within the Department to carry out the primary functions carried out immediately before the effective date of this Act by the Bureau of Public Roads.
GENERAL PROVISIONS Sec. 4. (a) The Secretary in carrying out the purposes of this Act Duties of shall, among his responsibilities, exercise leadership. under the di. Sooretary. rection of the President in transportation matters, including those affecting the national defense and those involving national or regional emergencies; provide leadership in the development of national transportation policies and programs, and make recommendations to the President and the Congress for their consideration and implementation; promote and undertake development, collection, and dissemination of technological, statistical, economic, and other information relevant to domestic and international transportation; consult and cooperate with the Secretary of Labor in gathering information regarding the status of labor-management contracts and other labor. management problems and in promoting industrial harmony and stable employment conditiors in all modes of transportation; promote and undertake research and development relating to transportation, including noise abatement, with particular attention to aircraft noise; consult with the heads of other Federal departments and agencies on the transportation requirements of the Government, including the procurement of transportation or the operation of their own transport services in order to encourage them to establish and observe policies consistent with the maintenance of a coordinated transportation system; and consult and cooperate with State and local governments, carriers, labor, and other interested parties, including, when appropriate, holding informal public hearings.
(b) (1) In carrying out his duties and responsibilities under this Act, the Secretary shall be governed by all applicable statutes including the policy standards set forth in the Federal Aviation Act of 1958, as amended (49 U.S.C. 1301 et seq.); the national transpor. 72 Stat. 731. tation policy of the Interstate Commerce Act, as amended (49 U.S.C., preceding $8,1, 301, 901, and 1001); title 23, United States Code, re. 24 Stat. 379. lating to Federal-aid highways; and title 14 U.S.C., titles LII and 12 Stat. 885. LIIT of the Revised Statutes (46 U.S.C., chs. 2A, 7, 11, 14, 15, and 23 USC 101-136, 18), the Act of April 25, 1940, as amended (54 Stat. 163; 46 U.S.C. 63 Stat. 495. 526-526u), and the Act of September 2, 1958, as amended (72 Stat. 1754; 46 U.S.C. 527–527h), relating to the United States Coast Guard.
(2) Nothing in this Act shall be construed to authorize, without appropriate action by Congress, the adoption, revision, or implementation of
(A) any transportation policy, or
(B) any investment standards or criteria. (3) In exercising the functions, powers, and duties conferred on and transferred to the Secretary by this Act, the Secretary shall give full consideration to the need for operational continuity of the functions transferred, to the need for effectiveness and safety in transportation systems, and to the needs of the national defense. (c) Orders and
actions of the Secretary or the National Transpor. Judiolal rovdow. tation Safety Board in the exercise of functions, powers, and duties
80 STAT. 934
transferred under this Act, and orders and actions of the Administrators pursuant to the functions, powers, and duties specifically assigned to them by this Act, shall be subject to judicial review to the game extent and in the same manner as if such orders and actions had been by the department or agency exercising such functions, powers, and duties immediately preceding their transfer. Any statu. tory requirements relating to notice, hearings, action upon the record, or administrative review that apply to any function transferred by this Act shall apply to the exercise of such functions by the Secretary, the Administrators, or the National Transportation Safety Board.
(d) In the exercise of the functions, powers, and duties transferred under this Act, the Secretary, the Administrators, and the NationalTransportation Safety Board shall have the same authority as that rested in the department or agency exercising such functions, powers, and duties immediately preceding their transfer, and their actions in exercising such functions, powers, and duties shall have the same
force and effect as when exercised by such department or agency. Saroy rooorde (e) It shall be the duty of the Secretaryof applloants,
(1) to promptly investigate the safety compliance records in investigation,
the Department of each applicant seeking operating authority from the Interstate Commerce Commission (referred to in this subsection as the “Commission") and to report his findings to the Commission;
(2) when the safety record of an applicant for permanent operating authority, or for approval of a proposed transaction involving transfer of operating authority, fails to satisfy the Secretary, to intervene and present evidence of such applicant's fitness in Commission proceedings;
(3) to furnish promptly upon request of the Commission a statement regarding the safety record of any applicant seeking temporary operating authority from the Commission; and
(4)(A) to furnish upon request of the Commission a complete report of the sa fety compliance of any carrier, (B) to have made such additional inspections or safety compliance surveys which the Commission deems necessary or desirable in order to process an application or to determine the fitness of a carrier, and (C) if the Commission so requests, to intervene and present evidence in
any proceeding in which a determination of fitness is required. (f) The Secretary shall cooperate and consult with the Secretaries of the Interior, Housing and Urban Development, and Agriculture, and with the States in developing transportation plans and programs that include measures to maintain or enhance the natural beauty of the lands traversed. After the effective date of this Act, the Secretary shall not approve any program or project which requires the use of any
land from a public park, recreation area, wildlife and waterfowl refuge, or historic site unless (1) there is no feasible and prudent alternative to the use of such land, and (2) such program includes all possible planning to minimize harm to such park, recreational area,
wildlife and waterfowl refuge, or historic site resulting from such use. Transportation (g) The Secretary and the Secretary of Housing and Urban Develactivities, opment shall consult and exchange information regarding their Cooporation with respective transportation policies and activities; carry on joint plan: HUD Sooretary
ning, research and other activities; and coordinate assistance for local transportation projects. They shall jointly study how Federal policies and programs can assure that urban transportation systems most
effectively serve both national transportation needs and the compreReports to Prossa hensively planned development of urban areas. They shall, within dont and Con- one year after the effective date of this Act, and annually thereafter, gross.
roport to the President, for submission to the Congress, on their studies
BO STAT. 935 and other activities under this subsection, including any legislativo recommendations which they determine to be desirable. The Secretary and the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development shall study and report within one year after the effective date of this Act to the President and the Congress on the logical and efficient organization and location of urban mass transportation functions in the Executive Branch.
NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD
(b) There are hereby transferred to, and it shall be the duty of the Duties. Board to exercise, the functions, powers, and duties transferred to the Secretary by sections 6 and 8 of this Act with regard to
(1) determining the cause or probable cause of transportation accidents and reporting the facts, conditions, and circumstances relating to such accidents; and
(2) reviewing on appeal the suspension, amendment, modification, revocation, or denial of any certificate or license issued by
the Secretary or by an Administrator. (c) The Board shall exercise the functions, powers, and duties relating to aircraft accident investigations transferred to the Secretary by section 6(d) of this Act. (d) The Board is further authorized to
(1) make such recommendations to the Secretary or Administrators on the basis of the exercise of its functions, powers, and duties which, in its opinion, will tend to prevent transportation accidents and promote transportation safety;
(2) conduct special studies on matters pertaining to safety in transportation and the prevention of accidents;
(3) insure that in cases in which it is required to determine cause or probable cause, reports of investigation adequately state the circumstances of the accident involved; (4) initiate on its own motion or conduct rail
, highway, or pipeline accident investigations as the Board deems necessary or appropriate;
(5) make recommendations to the Secretary or Administrators concerning rules, regulations, and procedures for the conduct of accident investigations;
(6) request the Secretary or Administrators to initiate specific accident investigations or conduct further investigations as the Board determines to be necessary or appropriate;
(7) arrange for the pers. al participation of members or other personnel of the Board in accident investigations conducted by the Secretary or Administrators in such cases as it deems appropriate; and
(8) request from the Secretary or Administrators notification of transportation accidents and reports of such accidents as the
Board deems necessary. (e) Except as otherwise provided by statute, the Board shall make Roports rules, public all reports, orders, decisions, rules, and regulations issued pur- oto., avall. suant to sections 6 (b) (1) and 5(b) (2), and the Board shall also make ability. public
(1) every recommendation made to the Secretary or an Admin. istrator; (2) every special study conducted; and
every action of the Board requesting the Secretary or an Administrator to take action, pursuant to section 5(d) (1), (2), (3), (5), (6), or (8).