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INDEX

A

Advisory Commission on Intergovern-
mental Relations:

Described, vi, 116
Reports on metropolitan areas,

v, 1-2, 10, 11
Advisory Commission on Intergovern-

mental Relations: The First Five

Years, vi
Alaska, no metropolitan areas in, v
American Water Works Association,

survey of municipal water facilities,

36
Annexation, 98-101

As factor in central city popula-

tion growth, 15
Liberalization of State restric-

tions on, 130-131
Areawide services, 6, 31

Of special districts, 95-98
Planning for, 110-112
Relocation, 81-82, 153–154
State enabling legislation, 49,

131-132
Water and sewer, 43–44, 142–143,

146-147
Association of Bay Area Governments,

89
Authorities. (See Special districts.)

Central cities:

Conflict with suburbs, 17
Described, 17
Economic problems, vii, 4
Expenditures, 26–27, 28
Population characteristics of, 3, 4,

17, 18, 19, 20, 21
Water and sewer services in, 41
(See also Economic disparities.)

(See also Racial disparities.)
Charters, county, optional, 91
Chicago metropolitan area:

Number of local governments in,

22

Suburban use of ground water, 40
Citizen participation, 32

In governmental reorganization

elections, 108-109
City-county consolidation, 102–104
City-county separation, 101-102
Clawson, Marion, 147
Cleveland metropolitan area:

Contracts for central city water

services to suburbs, 42, 43

Interlocal agreements in, 87
Code enforcement: building and hous-

ing as factor in displacement, 66, 67
Codes, building, necessity for uniform-

ity of, 157-159
Colorado:

Sewer districts in, 49

Water quality program, 48
Commission on Intergovernmental Re-

lations (Kestnbaum Commission),
116, 117
Identifies conditions justifying

national action, 119–120

On home rule, 123
Compensation. (See "Just compensa-

B
Banfield, Edward C., 127
Bank deposits, percentage in metro-

politan areas, 16
Bollens, John C., quoted, 108
Borough plan. (See Federation.)
Brazer, Harvey E., 26
Budget, U.S. Bureau of the, definition

of metropolitan, 5
Businesses:

Displaced by urban renewal, 68-70
Relocation assistance, 80, 152–153

С
California:

Aid for developing water resources,

tion.”).
Conant, James B., 4
Consolidation, government, 99-101

City-county, 102-104
Contract system for public services:

Interlocal, 87-88
Relocation assistance, 153–154
State authorization for, 133
Water and sewer service, 42-43,

142
Council of State Governments, quoted,

118
Councils of government, 88–90

State authorization for, 134
Councils of public officials. (See Coun-
cils of government.)

49, 50
Interlocal agreements in, 87
Sewer districts in, 49
Crban functions performed by,

93-94
Census, U.S. Bureau of the, definition of

metropolitan, 5

[blocks in formation]

Federal aid-Continued

Relocation assistance, 70–74, 75–

76, 78-80, 120, 149-150, 151-

152

Water and sewer, 38, 51-52
Federal Government:

Displacement of persons and busi-

ness, 63-64
"Just compensation" policies, 61,

150
Role in metropolitan areas, 8, 32,

119-123, 137-141
Water resources activities, 50–54,

147-148

Federalism, vii, 115–116
Federation, 104-106

Dade County, 91, 105

Toronto, Canada, 105
Fiscal zoning, 4, 156-157
Florida, county water and sewer pow-

ers in, 49
Fox, Irving, 147
Fragmentation, vii, 7, 8, 21, 22, 24, 28

Factor in relocation problems, 58,

81-82
Special district contribution to,

124-125

Water and sewer services, 38–39
Fringe areas, 2

Extraterritorial powers of central

city in, 86–87, 133-134
Increasing need for public serv-

ices in, 29
Population growth in, 15
Resistance to annexation, 98

E

G

East, water use in, 35, 36
Economic conditions, 24

Metropolitan in relation to na-

tional, 16
Economic disparities, 4, 17, 19, 20, 21,
24, 26, 27, 28, 125–128
Factor in relocation problems,

81-82
Vethod of analysis, 18-19

Zoning as factor in, 156-157
Economies of scale, 30

In water and sewer services, 43-44
Education, vii

Disparities between central cities

and suburbs, 4
State aid for, 167

Vocational, 165
Effluent standards, 47-4
Elderly:

Problems of relocating, 67-68
Problems of relocating business,

69
Ellis, James R., quoted, 44, 46
Eminent domain, power of, 59, 150
Employment, public, 24, 25
Employment agencies, public, 162–163
Equalization in grants-in-aid, 122–123,

166-168
Expenditures, public, 25, 26

Central city-suburban differences,

26-27
Extraterritorial powers:

Factor in annexation, 99
State authorization for, 86-87,
133-134

F

Galbraith, John Kenneth, 1
Governmental functions:

Criteria for evaluating perform-

ance, 30-33

(See also Public services.)
Government fragmentation. (See

Fragmentation.)
Government organization, 7, 8, 17, 21,
22, 23, 24, 28

Adequacy in urban areas, 1
Political aspects of reorganization,

107-110
Reorganization methods, 86-105

Urban counties, 90-93
Grants-in-aid:

(See Federal aid.)

(See State aid.)
Grodzins, Morton, 127
Gulick, Luther, 124

H

Federal aid, 8, 120-123

Impact of, 137-141
Interagency coordination of, 140-

141

Hennepin County, Minn., attempt at

city-county separation, 102
Highway programs:
Displacement of

persons

and
businesses by, 58, 61, 62, 63

Relocation assistance, 73
Home rule, 6, 123-124, 129-130

County, 91

Housing, vii, 5

As factor in relocation problems,

64-68, 78–79, 80–81, 151
Disparities in, 126
Low-income, 159

Racial discrimination in, 159–161
Hudson River, 36

I
Incorporation, municipal, 22

Necessity for controls on, 99, 131
Industrial water pollution, 48

Federal incentives for abatement

of, 147
Interdependence in metropolitan areas,

5–7 passim
Intergovernmental Cooperation Act,

vüi
Intergovernmental fiscal relations, 24,
26-27

(See also Equalization.)
(See also Federal aid.)

(See also State aid.)
Intergovernmental relations, 8, 9, 32

(See also Federal Government.)
(See also Local government.)

See also State government.)
Interlocal cooperation, 87–88, 133

(See also Areawide services.)

Local government, vii

As factor in relocation problems,

81-82
Criteria for evaluating organiza-

tion of, 85–86
Expenditures, 25, 26, 28
Impact of Federal and State

actions on, 9
Number of employees, 24
Number of units in metropolitan

areas, 13, 21, 22, 23, 24
Public services provided by, 29
Relocation assistance, 74
Revenues, 25, 28
Shortcomings of, in metropolitan

areas, 7, 8
"Spillover” effects of actions by, 6
State resolution of disputes

among, 137
State restrictions on, vi, 91, 106–

107, 118
Los Angeles metropolitan area, sewage

treatment in, 43
Long, Norton, quoted, 8

M

J

Job market, 5, 162–163
Johnson, Lyndon Baines:

Message on cities, vii, 2, 6

1964 message on housing, 57-58
Johnson, Samuel, quoted, vii
Joint exercise of powers. (See Area-

wide services.)
"Just compensation," 59, 60, 61, 150

K
Kennedy, John F., 78–79
Kestnbaum Commission. (See Com-

mission on Intergovernmental Rela-

tions.)
Kinnard, William, N., Jr., 70

Madison, James, 86
Manufacturing, percentage in metro-

politan areas, 16
Martin, Roscoe, quoted, 7, 109–110
Mattei, Peter F., 38
Metropolitan areas, defined, 5
Metropolitan St. Louis Sewer District,

44
Metropolitan Water District of South-

ern California, 44, 45
Miami metropolitan area:

Costs of water services in, 39

(See also Dade County, Fla.)
Michigan, county water and sewer

powers in, 49
Mid-Willamette Voluntary Intergov-

ernmental Cooperation Council, 89,

90
Migration, patterns within the United

States, 3
Millspaugh, Martin, 65
Minneapolis-St. Paul metropolitan
area:
Contracts for sewage treatment

services for suburbs, 42
Contracts for water services to

suburbs, 42
Pollution of wells in suburbs of,

41

Water agencies in, 38
Minnesota Water Pollution Control

Commission, 47
Moving costs, 68
Municipal incorporation.

(See In-
corporation, municipal.)

L

Lake County, Ill., septic tanks in, 40
Lake Washington, 39, 44
Lakewood plan, 87
Land, urban:

Increasing demand for, 2, 3
Lack of controls on, 3
Regulation of, as factor in im-

proved water and sewer sys-

tems, 41, 111
Large families, problems of relocating,

67
Leadership, 8

Municipalities:

Increased numbers in metropoli-

tan areas, 22
(See also Incorporation, munici-

pal.)

(See also Annexation.)
Municipality of Metropolitan Seattle,

44, 45–46, 97
Muskie, Edmund S., quoted, 117

N

Planning vii-Continued

Economic and social, 155–156
Organization and staffing, 111
Relocation, 81
State authorization for metro-

politan agencies, 134
Water and sewer projects, 52,

142–143, 146-147
Pomeroy, Hugh, quoted, 124
Population:

Central city-suburban proportions

of, 15
Characteristics of urban, 4
Economic and racial distribution

of, 17, 18, 19
Growth' in' metropolitan areas,

13-14
In New York metropolitan area,

2
Metropolitan proportion by re-

gion, 14
Metropolitan proportion by State,

14

re-

Nashville-Davidson County, Tenn.,

103
Nassau County:

Mosquito control, 5

Water and sewer districts in, 38
Negroes:

Employment problems, 163
Housing discrimination, 159-161
Migration into central cities, 3
Negative factor in reorganization

attempts, 107, 108
Problems of relocating, 66–67

(See also Racial disparities.)
New England, definition of metro-

politan areas in, 5
New Jersey:

Aid for developing water

sources, 49, 50
Urban functions performed by, 94

Water services in, 39
New York metropolitan area:

Contracts for central city water

services to suburbs, 42
Cost of public services, 3
Council of governments in, 89
Land area, 2

Water shortage, 36
New York State, 49

Enforcement of water quality

standards, 48

Office of Local Government, 135
North Carolina:

Annexation law, 131

Water and sewer act, 49
Northeast, central city-suburban dis-
parities in, 19

0
Office of local affairs, 135-136
Organization of government. (See

Government organization.)

Pattern of migration within the

United States, 3
Pattern of urban growth, 2
Proportion living in metropolitan

areas, v

Total metropolitan, 13
Portland, Oreg., metropolitan area:

Areawide sanitary agency in, 44
Contracts for central city water

services to suburbs, 42
Poverty, 4. (See also Economic dis-

parities.)
Property, percentage in metropolitan

areas, 16
Property tax, 25, 166-167
Public accountability of metropolitan

jurisdictions, 7, 8, 32
Public Health Service, U.S., enforce-

ment of water quality, 53-54
Public housing, 64-65

County responsibility for, 164-165
Dispersal of, 159

State participation in, 119
Public opinion:

Regarding central city-suburban

differences, 17, 28
Regarding governmental reorgani-

zation, 108

Regarding public services, 1
Public services:

P

Attitude of American public

toward, 1
Costs, 25
Increase in as a result of urbani-

zation, v, 3, 29
Number of personnel employed

by, 24
Performance standards, 30–33
(See also Water supply.)
(See also Sewage treatment.)

(See also Relocation.)
Public welfare, State responsibilities

for, 167-168

Paine, Thomas, quoted, viii
Park Forest, Ill., number of govern-

mental jurisdictions in, 7
Pennsylvania, Department of Com-

munity Affairs, 135-136
Pittsburgh metropolitan area, water

agencies in, 38, 39
Planning, vii, 110-112

Activities, 112
As a requirement for Federal aid,

121-122, 137, 138, 139-140, 141

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