Negotiating Minefields: The Landmines Ban in American Politics
Routledge, 2006 - 294 pages
Against all odds, the International Campaign to Ban Landmines helped to enact a global treaty banning antipersonnel mines in 1997. For that achievement it was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
In this volume, Leon Sigal shows how a handful of NGOs with almost no mass base got more than 100 countries to outlaw a weapon that their armies had long used. It is a story of intrigue and misperception, of clashing norms and interests, of contentious bureaucratic and domestic politics. It is also a story of effective leadership, of sustained commitment to a cause, of alliances between campaigners and government officials, of a US senator who championed the ban, and of the skilful use of the news media. Despite this monumental effort, the campaign failed to get the United States to sign the treaty. Drawing on extensive internal documents and interviews with US officials and ban campaigners, Sigal tells the story of the in-fighting inside the Clinton administration, in the Pentagon, and within the ban campaign itself that led to this major setback for an otherwise unprecedented, successful global effort.
Negotiating Minefields will be of interest to students and scholars of military and strategic studies and politics and international relations.
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... victims would have the unforeseen and , for some campaigners , unwelcome consequence of mobilizing victims whose aims extended beyond a ban to encompass aid and empowerment . The human rights approach had a narrower purpose as well , to ...
... victims or the removal of landmines had chafed at the low priority the ICBL placed on their concerns . Making common cause with poor mine - afflicted countries in desperate need of assistance , these NGOs succeeded in putting mine victims ...
... victims worldwide , " fewer than ten governments bothered to reply.61 Victim assistance ran a distant second to aid for demining and did not meet the range of victims ' needs for rehabilitation and social and economic reintegration ...
The Domestic and Bureaucratic Politics of a
An Export Moratorium
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