Negotiating Minefields: The Landmines Ban in American Politics
Routledge, 2006 - 294 pages
Against all odds, the International Campaign to Ban Landmines helped to enact a global treaty banning antipersonnel mines in 1997. For that achievement it was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
In this volume, Leon Sigal shows how a handful of NGOs with almost no mass base got more than 100 countries to outlaw a weapon that their armies had long used. It is a story of intrigue and misperception, of clashing norms and interests, of contentious bureaucratic and domestic politics. It is also a story of effective leadership, of sustained commitment to a cause, of alliances between campaigners and government officials, of a US senator who championed the ban, and of the skilful use of the news media. Despite this monumental effort, the campaign failed to get the United States to sign the treaty. Drawing on extensive internal documents and interviews with US officials and ban campaigners, Sigal tells the story of the in-fighting inside the Clinton administration, in the Pentagon, and within the ban campaign itself that led to this major setback for an otherwise unprecedented, successful global effort.
Negotiating Minefields will be of interest to students and scholars of military and strategic studies and politics and international relations.
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... Protocol I. After the two protocols were signed , yet another conference was con- vened , this time under United Nations auspices , to address specific weapons . It yielded the CCW and three new protocols , which were adopted by the ...
... protocol regulating the use of landmines " has been completely ineffective in controlling harm to civilians , " the Arms Project contended . Not only was the protocol a " practical " failure , but it was also a " theoretical " fail- ure ...
... protocol had defined “ mine ” as “ any munition placed under , on or near the ground or other surface area and designed to be detonated or exploded by the presence , proximity or contact of a person or vehicle . " Austria , with US ...
The Domestic and Bureaucratic Politics of a
An Export Moratorium
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