Negotiating Minefields: The Landmines Ban in American Politics
Routledge, 2006 - 294 pages
Against all odds, the International Campaign to Ban Landmines helped to enact a global treaty banning antipersonnel mines in 1997. For that achievement it was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
In this volume, Leon Sigal shows how a handful of NGOs with almost no mass base got more than 100 countries to outlaw a weapon that their armies had long used. It is a story of intrigue and misperception, of clashing norms and interests, of contentious bureaucratic and domestic politics. It is also a story of effective leadership, of sustained commitment to a cause, of alliances between campaigners and government officials, of a US senator who championed the ban, and of the skilful use of the news media. Despite this monumental effort, the campaign failed to get the United States to sign the treaty. Drawing on extensive internal documents and interviews with US officials and ban campaigners, Sigal tells the story of the in-fighting inside the Clinton administration, in the Pentagon, and within the ban campaign itself that led to this major setback for an otherwise unprecedented, successful global effort.
Negotiating Minefields will be of interest to students and scholars of military and strategic studies and politics and international relations.
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... humanitarian law originally controlled the damage caused by weapons by altogether prohibiting the use of weapons that were perceived as excessively cruel or ' barbaric ' , " said the ICRC . " Since 1925 , however , international ...
... humanitarian issues . " 14 Yet advocacy on landmines had two things in its favor compared to third world development , according to a campaign orga- nizer , " It was black and white and something could be done about it . " 15 NGOs were ...
... humanitarian norm against these weapons , " Foreign Minister Axworthy would say in March 1997. " It will do what the ... humanitarian concerns . Neither the ICRC nor UN humanitarian agencies nor NGOs have access to CD negotiations . " In ...
The Domestic and Bureaucratic Politics of a
An Export Moratorium
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