Negotiating Minefields: The Landmines Ban in American Politics
Routledge, 2006 - 294 pages
Against all odds, the International Campaign to Ban Landmines helped to enact a global treaty banning antipersonnel mines in 1997. For that achievement it was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
In this volume, Leon Sigal shows how a handful of NGOs with almost no mass base got more than 100 countries to outlaw a weapon that their armies had long used. It is a story of intrigue and misperception, of clashing norms and interests, of contentious bureaucratic and domestic politics. It is also a story of effective leadership, of sustained commitment to a cause, of alliances between campaigners and government officials, of a US senator who championed the ban, and of the skilful use of the news media. Despite this monumental effort, the campaign failed to get the United States to sign the treaty. Drawing on extensive internal documents and interviews with US officials and ban campaigners, Sigal tells the story of the in-fighting inside the Clinton administration, in the Pentagon, and within the ban campaign itself that led to this major setback for an otherwise unprecedented, successful global effort.
Negotiating Minefields will be of interest to students and scholars of military and strategic studies and politics and international relations.
From inside the book
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AN EXPORT MORATORIUM " a a » 21 Bobby Muller wanted a global ban on antipersonnel landmines . Tim Rieser " was immediately sympathetic , ” says Muller , “ but there was a little problem . He was not the staff director of Foreign Ops ...
The defense industry , often an obstacle to arms control , had little at stake in a US moratorium on exports , but it ... only one company in the United States makes landmines for export and it sells only about 10,000 a year abroad .
55 The ICBL's Jody Williams asked Senator Ronchi " whether that meant exports could resume . ... 56 By then , quite a few states had heeded the UN General Assembly's call for an export moratorium , evidence of the importance of ...
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The Domestic and Bureaucratic Politics of a
An Export Moratorium
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