Negotiating Minefields: The Landmines Ban in American Politics
Routledge, 2006 - 294 pages
Against all odds, the International Campaign to Ban Landmines helped to enact a global treaty banning antipersonnel mines in 1997. For that achievement it was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
In this volume, Leon Sigal shows how a handful of NGOs with almost no mass base got more than 100 countries to outlaw a weapon that their armies had long used. It is a story of intrigue and misperception, of clashing norms and interests, of contentious bureaucratic and domestic politics. It is also a story of effective leadership, of sustained commitment to a cause, of alliances between campaigners and government officials, of a US senator who championed the ban, and of the skilful use of the news media. Despite this monumental effort, the campaign failed to get the United States to sign the treaty. Drawing on extensive internal documents and interviews with US officials and ban campaigners, Sigal tells the story of the in-fighting inside the Clinton administration, in the Pentagon, and within the ban campaign itself that led to this major setback for an otherwise unprecedented, successful global effort.
Negotiating Minefields will be of interest to students and scholars of military and strategic studies and politics and international relations.
From inside the book
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Only Spain and Luxembourg among NATO allies spent a smaller percentage of GDP on defense than did Canada at 1.6 percent but foreign aid was 0.41 percent of Canada's GDP ( comparable percentages for the United States were 3.6 and 0.12 ) ...
The government's response to their call for a ban was “ highly defensive . " 22 The November 1995 fax ... MOVING THE GOALPOSTS a Events soon confirmed the premonition of defense officials that their turf could become a slippery slope .
The $ 250,000 contract to the Institute for Defense Analyses was small , but politically sensitive . “ They recognized what I was going to do with it , which is go out on the street and say we've taken the Army's own doctrine , we've ...
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