Negotiating Minefields: The Landmines Ban in American Politics
Routledge, 2006 - 294 pages
Against all odds, the International Campaign to Ban Landmines helped to enact a global treaty banning antipersonnel mines in 1997. For that achievement it was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
In this volume, Leon Sigal shows how a handful of NGOs with almost no mass base got more than 100 countries to outlaw a weapon that their armies had long used. It is a story of intrigue and misperception, of clashing norms and interests, of contentious bureaucratic and domestic politics. It is also a story of effective leadership, of sustained commitment to a cause, of alliances between campaigners and government officials, of a US senator who championed the ban, and of the skilful use of the news media. Despite this monumental effort, the campaign failed to get the United States to sign the treaty. Drawing on extensive internal documents and interviews with US officials and ban campaigners, Sigal tells the story of the in-fighting inside the Clinton administration, in the Pentagon, and within the ban campaign itself that led to this major setback for an otherwise unprecedented, successful global effort.
Negotiating Minefields will be of interest to students and scholars of military and strategic studies and politics and international relations.
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... Oslo . Diplomats and legal experts spent “ a great deal of time " plotting strategy for Oslo , Canadian participants recall , " with bottom lines and alternative language on issues from definitions to entry - into - force pro- visions ...
... Oslo , we were going to have a pro- posal , we had red lines we would not cross , we were seeking to come out of it ... Oslo , where he was joined on the US delegation by four gen- erals and two " minders " from Senator Helms ' staff ...
The Landmines Ban in American Politics Leon V. Sigal. TURNING OSLO INTO AN US - OR - THEM AFFAIR The campaigners had had time to organize for Oslo . They also exploited two advantages they had lacked at Geneva : access to the conference ...
The Domestic and Bureaucratic Politics of a
An Export Moratorium
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