Negotiating Minefields: The Landmines Ban in American Politics
Routledge, 2006 - 294 pages
Against all odds, the International Campaign to Ban Landmines helped to enact a global treaty banning antipersonnel mines in 1997. For that achievement it was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
In this volume, Leon Sigal shows how a handful of NGOs with almost no mass base got more than 100 countries to outlaw a weapon that their armies had long used. It is a story of intrigue and misperception, of clashing norms and interests, of contentious bureaucratic and domestic politics. It is also a story of effective leadership, of sustained commitment to a cause, of alliances between campaigners and government officials, of a US senator who championed the ban, and of the skilful use of the news media. Despite this monumental effort, the campaign failed to get the United States to sign the treaty. Drawing on extensive internal documents and interviews with US officials and ban campaigners, Sigal tells the story of the in-fighting inside the Clinton administration, in the Pentagon, and within the ban campaign itself that led to this major setback for an otherwise unprecedented, successful global effort.
Negotiating Minefields will be of interest to students and scholars of military and strategic studies and politics and international relations.
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... ICRC prepared a report arguing that the 1980 mines protocol designed to limit use of landmines had failed . " International humanitarian law originally controlled the damage caused by weapons by altogether prohibiting the use of weapons ...
... ICRC's only concern : " Further , the rule prohibiting the use of weapons of a nature to cause unnecessary suf- fering or superfluous injury to combatants " remains valid , but unless it is " applied to new weapons , it will in practice ...
... ICRC noted , " it is recognized that agreement on this may not yet be possible at the forthcoming review conference . Therefore , we are submitting this document in order to give an indication of which alternative proposals within the ...
The Domestic and Bureaucratic Politics of a
An Export Moratorium
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