Negotiating Minefields: The Landmines Ban in American Politics
Routledge, 2006 - 294 pages
Against all odds, the International Campaign to Ban Landmines helped to enact a global treaty banning antipersonnel mines in 1997. For that achievement it was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
In this volume, Leon Sigal shows how a handful of NGOs with almost no mass base got more than 100 countries to outlaw a weapon that their armies had long used. It is a story of intrigue and misperception, of clashing norms and interests, of contentious bureaucratic and domestic politics. It is also a story of effective leadership, of sustained commitment to a cause, of alliances between campaigners and government officials, of a US senator who championed the ban, and of the skilful use of the news media. Despite this monumental effort, the campaign failed to get the United States to sign the treaty. Drawing on extensive internal documents and interviews with US officials and ban campaigners, Sigal tells the story of the in-fighting inside the Clinton administration, in the Pentagon, and within the ban campaign itself that led to this major setback for an otherwise unprecedented, successful global effort.
Negotiating Minefields will be of interest to students and scholars of military and strategic studies and politics and international relations.
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... ICBL's Stephen Goose . The ICBL counted on the affiliates " to know best what tactics would work " in their own countries and wanted “ to invest them with responsibility , " Goose adds . " That's why we didn't have a secretariat ...
... ICBL was reaching out to NGOs abroad . When the ICBL convened its first international conference in London in May 1993 , 70 people attended representing 40 NGOs . Attendance doubled at the second confer- ence a year later , co ...
... ICBL affiliates with such diverse purposes was difficult to sustain . So was the morale of isolated activists scattered around the world . How did the ICBL keep such a disparate coalition on a common path to a ban ? The network was the ...
The Domestic and Bureaucratic Politics of a
An Export Moratorium
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