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We believe that the most opportuno ting within the R&D cyclo to maximiso donostia technology transfor is in the basic research and exploratory phases of the overall RDT&B program. This is where we are thus focussing our attontion.

The Air Force basic and exploratory development programs are

conducted primarily by universities and commercial firas. To believe this relationship significantly contributes to the domestic technology transfor program. This is particularly true for the larger firms that have both national security and commercial busi

ness basos.

In this case, it is in the firns' best interests to

get clearance from the Air Force for specifio technologies that

can be commercialized without adversely affecting national securi


Larger firms also have, for the most part, local representa:

tives at the different R&D locations. Those representativa can identify R&D offorts that may have commercial potential. such large firms also usually have ready access to available technical

data bases such as those maintained by the National Technical

Information service (NTI8).

In contrast to the case of the larger firms, however, smaller, less established firms typically do not have the laboratory representatives or easy access to available data bases such as those of NTI8. Therefore, it is in this segment of American industry where domestio technology transfer activities can have a relatively high payoff for the Air Force resources lavested.

The "bottom lino" is that the transfusion of now and energing military technologies into commercialized tochnology and produots can be a significant factor in kooping the United States apace with other nations in the ovor increasing competitiveness of the international market place.

Because of this, the air force requires all scientific and ongineering activities to initiate and undertako technology transfer endeavors, including entry into appropriato cooperative ro

search and development agreements (CRDAS), establishment and us. of offices of Research and Technology Applications (ORTAS), and negotiation of patent licenses or othor types of liconsas as determined appropriate to enhance the transfer of unclassified technology from the Air Force to society and the marketplace.

The Air Force strongly supports the technology transtor initiativos set forth in the stovenson-wydler Technology Innovation

Act of 1980, the federal Technology Transfer Act of 1986, and Ex

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ecutive Order 12591, "facilitating Access to science and Technolo

The Air Forco bas been successful in providing and disseminating information on todorally-owned or originated products, proCosses, and sorvices having potential application to state and

local governments, and commercial industry.

By allowing for explicit recognition of devolopments stemning from individual labs or staff members, technology transfer

programs also can be a positive influence in recruiting and retaining qualified science and engineering personnel.

In addition, the Air Force regards university research as a viablo mechanism for technology transfer by using university rosearch personnel and capabilities in Air Force-related research.

More specifically, the Air Force is fulfilling its responsi

bilities for domestic technology transfor in a variety of ways,

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Th. Air forc. is performing its oversight function of PL 99-502 via the ortices of Research and Technology Applications (ORTA), established at each laboratory as specified in the logis. lation. The functions of the ORTA include proparing technical assessments for selected research and development projects that nay bavo commercial potential, disseminating information on toobnology that has potential commercial application to the privato sector and to state and local governments, and ussisting govomnent and business organisations in the transfer of technology.

To provide assistance to United status industry, the Air

force has established a donostia technology transfer functional

offic. within the office of the Assistant Secretary of the Air

Torc. for Acquisition.

This office provides assistance to labora

tories as required to ensure that offorts to transfer technology are responsive and consistont with statute and Executive order,

makes reports to Congress, promulgates regulations and operating procedures, transfors funds to th. National Institute for stan

dards and Technology, supports the Federal Laboratory Consortium for Technology Transfor, and develops a cash avards prograh and a plan for its implanontation.

Authority to enter into cooperative Research and Developmont

Agreements (CRDAS) has been delegated to the laboratories through Headquarters Air Force Systems Command. Tvonty-four Air Force

than half of th. CRDA's in place or ponding within DOD.


CRDAs have boon negotiated with state and local governments,

academia, and privato industry.

Wo anticipate that the number of

CRDAS will grow as our labs bacon. mor. familiar with the legisla


Air Force funds vera transferred to the National Institute of

standards and Technology (NIBT) in 1987 and 1988 to support the Federal Laboratory Consortium (FLC) for Technology Transfor. Air Force will continue to actively support and participate in the PLC by transferring 0.008 percent of its laboratory budget to

carry out the activities of the consortiun.

Th. Air Forco's Human systom's Division (H8D) has recontly de

veloped a Tochnology Transfer Handbook, containing an overview of the technology transfer process, the relevant statutes and execu

tive orders, and additional information on CRDAS, licenses and

patents, and the NIST and FLC.


are investigating development

of an Air Force wide Technology Transfer Handbook for Air Force

wide use that would serve to educate scientific and engineering

personnel on the opportunities, responsibilities, and potential rewards for furthering technology transfer and about the benefits of patent liconsing. This Air Force handbook will provide a fira foundation for developing an Air Forco universal handbook. such a comprehensive handbook will also help impart a consistency to the Air Force technology transfer efforts.

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