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such charges. An appeal may be taken from the decision of the Board to the United States District Court for the District of Columbia.

SEC. 18. That any applicant for a license who has been examined by the Board of Optometry in any of the States of the United States which through reciprocity similarly accredits the holder of a license issued by the Board of Optometry of the District of Columbia to the full privileges of practice within such State may on the payment of a fee of $25 to the said board and on filing in the office of the board a true and attested copy of said license, certified by the president and secretarytreasurer of the said board, showing the same and also showing that the standard of requirements adopted and enforced by said board is equal to that provided by this Act, shall without further examination receive the license: Provided, That such applicant has not previously failed at any examination held by the Board of Optometry of the District of Columbia.

SEC. 19. That nothing in this Act shall be construed as conferring on the holder of any license issued by said board the right to use any title or any word or abbreviation indicating that he is engaged in the practice of medicine, surgery, or the treatment of the eye, of the diagnosis of diseases of or injuries to the human eye, or the writing or issuing of prescriptions for the obtaining of drugs or medicine in any form for the treatment or examination of the human eye.

[SEC. 20. That the provisions of this Act shall not apply

(a) To physicians and surgeons practicing under authority or license issued under the laws of the District of Columbia. for the practice of medicine and surgery.

(b) To persons selling spectacies and (or) eyeglasses and who do not attempt either directly or indirectly to adapt them to the eye. and who do not practice or profess the practice of optometry.]

SEC. 20. The provisions of this Act, except the provisions of subsections (b), (c), and (d) of section 2. shall not apply to a person licensed to practice in the District of Columbia either as the result of having passed an examination given by the Board of Examiners established by section 12 of the Act approved February 27, 1929, as amended, or who, by reason of reciprocity, previous practice, or a diploma issued by a national examining board, is licensed as though he had passed such examination. SEC. 21. That wherever in this Act the singular number is used it shall be interpreted as meaning either singular or plural if compatible with the sense of the language used, and when in this Act the masculine gender is used it shall be construed as meaning also the feminine gender if not inconsistent with such use. SEC. 22. If any provision of this Act, or the application thereof to any person or circumstances, is held invalid, the remainder of the Act, and the application of such provision to other persons or circumstances, shall not be affected thereby. SEC. 23. Nothing contained in this Act. as amended, shall be construed as prohibiting

(a) a nurse or technician from functioning under the immediate supervision and direction of a physician licensed to practice in the District of Columbia; (b) a person from dispensing, providing, or furnishing ophthalmic materials on prescription of a physician or optometrist, or repairing, replacing, or duplicating ophthalmic materials or devices,

(c) a person from selling spectacles or eyeglasses: Provided, That such person does not attempt either directly or indirectly to adapt them to the human eye, or does not otherwise attempt to engage in the practice of optometry.

AMENDING THE ACT TO FIX AND REGULATE THE SALARIES OF TEACHERS, SCHOOL OFFICERS, AND OTHER EMPLOYEES OF THE BOARD OF EDUCATION OF THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

JUNE 7, 1949.-Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union and ordered to be printed

Mr. SMITH of Virginia, from the Committee on the District of Columbia, submitted the following

REPORT

[To accompany H. R. 2437]

The Committee on the District of Columbia, to whom was referred the bill (H. R. 2437) to amend the act entitled "An act to fix and regulate the salaries of teachers, school officers, and other employees of the Board of Education of the District of Columbia, and for other purposes," approved July 7, 1947, having considered the same, report favorably thereon without amendment and recommend that the bill do pass.

In the Eightieth Congress, H. R. 6873 and S. 2850, bills identical to this bill, were passed by the House and Senate. The House bill passed June 14, 1948. The Senate bill passed June 18, 1948. The session adjourned on June 20, 1948. As a result neither the House nor the Senate acted to accept the other's bill. This oversight would be corrected by the passage of H. R. 2437.

The purposes intended to be accomplished by the bill are as follows: Section 1 provides a salary schedule without any change in the amounts of the salaries to be paid for principals in elementary schools without reference to the limitation of 16 or more rooms which is in the present Teachers' Salary Act, leaving this determination to the Board of Education subject to the number of positions authorized in the annual District of Columbia appropriation acts. The effect is to provide that elementary school principalships be determined by the number of teachers and pupils supervised rather than by the number of rooms under the jurisdiction of the principal.

Section 2 provides that placement credit for salary purposes in group C shall not be granted to new teachers unless approved teaching service is rendered after the master's degree has been conferred upon the appointees. Teachers in the service of the Board of Education cannot receive salary advances in group C unless they possess a master's degree. This new section prevents teachers coming into the public-school system from receiving salary considerations not accorded to teachers in the service of the Board of Education.

Section 3 provides for the granting of placement credit for salary purposes to teachers in the public schools who have a master's degree

and who received a salary less than $3,500 during the present fiscal year.

This section proposes to pay all such teachers a base salary of $3,000 plus $100 for each year of like service in the public schools since probationary appointment up to a maximum of 5 years. This section is intended to eliminate the discriminations against all such present teachers so far as possible as compared to new teachers who entered the service during the 1947-48 school year, and will affect about 140 teachers, costing approximately $22,000.

Section 4 corrects an oversight in the 1947 District of Columbia Teachers' Salary Act by making the Teachers' Retirement Act applicable to all permanent employees of the Board of Education whose salaries are fixed by said act. The Corporation Counsel of the District of Columbia has ruled that the language in section 21 of the 1947 Teachers' Salary Act makes the Teachers' Retirement Act applicable to temporary as well as permanent teachers. Temporary teachers are covered by the Civil Service Retirement Act and should be continued under that act in the opinion of both the Board of Education and the Board of Commissioners.

This bill has the approval of the Commissioners of the District of Columbia and the Board of Education of the District of Columbia.

CHANGES IN EXISTING LAW

In compliance with paragraph 2a of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives, changes in existing law made by the bill, as introduced, are shown as follows (existing law proposed to be omitted is enclosed in black brackets, new matter is printed in italics, existing law in which no change is proposed is shown in roman):

TITLE I-SALARY SCHEDULES

SECTION 1. That on and after July 1, 1947, the salaries of teachers, school officers, and certain other employees of the Board of Education of the District of Columbia shall be as follows, and, wherever the term "other employees" is used in this Act, it shall be interpreted to include only those employees of the Board of Education whose positions are included in the following schedule: ARTICLE I-SALARIES OF TEACHERS, SCHOOL LIBRARIANS, RESEARCH ASSISTANTS, AND COUNSELORS

CLASS 1-TEACHERS IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS

Group A: A basic salary of $2,500 per year, with an annual increase in salary of $100 for fifteen years, or until a maximum salary of $4,000 per year is reached. Group C: A basic salary of $3,000 per year, with an annual increase in salary of $100 for fifteen years, or until a maximum salary of $4,500 per year is reached.

CLASS 2-TEACHERS IN JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOLS

Group A: A basic salary of $2,500 per year, with an annual increase in salary of $100 for fifteen years, or until a maximum salary of $4,000 per year is reached. Group C: A basic salary of $3,000 per year, with an annual increase in salary of $100 for fifteen years, or until a maximum salary of $4,500 per year is reached.

CLASS 3-TEACHERS IN SENIOR HIGH SCHOOLS

Group A: A basic salary of $2,500 per year, with an annual increase in salary of $100 for fifteen years, or until a maximum salary of $4,000 per year is reached. Group C: A basic salary of $3,000 per year, with an annual increase in salary of $100 for fifteen years, or until a maximum salary of $4,500 per year is reached.

CLASS 4-SCHOOL LIBRARIANS

Group A: A basic salary of $2,500 per year, with an annual increase in salary of $100 for fifteen years, or until a maximum salary of $4,000 per year is reached. Group C: A basic salary of $3,000 per year, with an annual increase of $100 in salary for fifteen years, or until a maximum salary of $4,500 per year is reached.

CLASS 5-TEACHERS IN VOCATIONAL HIGH SCHOOLS

Group A: A basic salary of $2,500 per year, with an annual increase in salary of $100 for fifteen years, or until a maximum salary of $4,000 per year is reached. Group C: A basic salary of $3,000 per year, with an annual increase in salary of $100 for fifteen years, or until a maximum salary of $4,500 per year is reached.

CLASS 6-RESEARCH ASSISTANTS AND COUNSELORS

Group A: A basic salary of $2,500 per year, with an annual increase in salary of $100 for fifteen years, or until a maximum salary of $4,000 per year is reached. Group C: A basic salary of $3,000 per year, with an annual increase in salary of $100 for fifteen years, or until a maximum salary of $4,500 per year is reached.

CLASS 7-INSTRUCTORS IN TEACHERS COLLEGES

Group A: A basic salary of $2,500 per year, with an annual increase in salary of $100 for fifteen years, or until a maximum salary of $4,000 per year is reached. Group C: A basic salary of $3,000 per year, with an annual increase in salary of $100 for fifteen years, or until a maximum salary of $4,500 per year is reached.

CLASS 8-LIBRARIANS IN TEACHERS COLLEGES

Group A: A basic salary of $2,500 per year, with an annual increase in salary of $100 for fifteen years, or until a maximum salary of $4,000 per year is reached. Group C: A basic salary of $3,000 per year, with an annual increase in salary of $100 for fifteen years, or until a maximum salary of $4,500 per year is reached.

CLASS 9CHIEF LIBRARIANS IN TEACHERS COLLEGES

A basic salary of $4,100 per year, with an annual increase in salary of $100 for ten years, or until a maximum salary of $5,100 per year is reached.

CLASS 10-ASSISTANT PROFESSORS IN TEACHERS COLLEGES

A basic salary of $4,100 per year, with an annual increase in salary of $100 for ten years, or until a maximum salary of $5,100 per year is reached.

CLASS 11-ASSOCIATE PROFESSORS IN TEACHERS COLLEGES

A basic salary of $4,500 per year, with an annual increase in salary of $100 for ten years, or until a maximum salary of $5,500 per year is reached.

CLASS 12-PROFESSORS IN TEACHERS COLLEGES

A basic salary of $5,000 per year, with an annual increase in salary of $100 for ten years, or until a maximum salary of $6,000 per year is reached.

ARTICLE II-SALARIES OF ADMINISTRATIVE AND SUPERVISORY OFFICERS EMPLOYEES IN THE DEPARTMENT OF SCHOOL ATTENDANCE AND WORK PERMITS [CLASS 13-PRINCIPALS IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS WITH SIXTEEN OR MOre rooms,

AND PRINCIPALS IN AMERICANIZATION SCHOOLS

A basic salary of $4,300 per year, with an annual increase in salary of $100 for ten years, or until a maximum salary of $5,300 per year is reached.]

CLASS 13 PRINCIPALS IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS AND PRINCIPALS IN AMERICANIZATION SCHOOLS

A basic salary of $4,300 per year, with an annual increase in salary of $100 for en years, or until a maximum salary of $5,300 per year is reached.

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