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STREAM CHANNELIZATION

(PART 3)

HEARINGS

BEFORE A

SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE
S. Conzlies Méteret. COMMITTEE ON

GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS, Centustua
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES and 7alue".

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Printed for the use of the Committee on Government Operations

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1971

62-365 O

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office

Washington, D.C. 20402 - Price $3.50

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COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS

CHET HOLIFIELD, California, Chairman JACK BROOKS, Texas

FLORENCE P. DWYER, New Jersey L. H. FOUNTAIN, North Carolina

OGDEN R. REID, New York ROBERT E. JONES, Alabama

FRANK HORTON, New York EDWARD A. GARMATZ, Maryland

JOHN N. ERLENBORN, Illinois JOHN E. MOSS, California

JOHN W. WYDLER, New York DANTE B. FASCELL, Florida

CLARENCE J. BROWN, Ohio HENRY S. REUSS, Wisconsin

GUY VANDER JAGT, Michigan JOHN S. MONAGAN, Connecticut

GILBERT GUDE, Maryland TORBERT H. MACDONALD, Massachusetts PAUL N. MCCLOSKEY, JR., California WILLIAM S. MOORHEAD, Pennsylvania JOHN H. BUCHANAN, JR., Alabama CORNELIUS E. GALLAGHER, New Jersey SAM STEIGER, Arizona WM. J. RANDALL, Missouri

GARRY BROWN, Michigan
BENJAMIN S. ROSENTHAL, New York BARRY M. GOLDWATER, JR., California
JIM WRIGHT, Texas

J. KENNETH ROBINSON, Virginia
FERNAND J. ST GERMAIN, Rhode Island WALTER E. POWELL, Ohio
JOHN C. CULVER, Iowa

CHARLES THONE, Nebraska
FLOYD V. HICKS, Washington
GEORGEW. COLLINS, Illinois
DON FUQUA, Florida
JOHN CONYERS, JR., Michigan
BILL ALEXANDER, Arkansas
BELLA S. ABZUG, New York

HERBERT ROBACK, Staff Director
CHRISTINE RAY DAVIS, Staff Administrator

JAMES A. LANIGAN, General Counsel
MILES Q. ROMNEY, Associate General Counsel

J. P. CARLSON, Minority Counsel
WILLIAM H. COPENHAVER, Minority Professional Staff

CONSERVATION AND NATURAL RESOURCES SUBCOMMITTEE

HENRY S. REUSS, Wisconsin, Chairman JOHN E. MOSS, California

GUY VANDER JAGT, Michigan DANTE B. FASCELL, Florida

GILBERT GUDE, Maryland FLOYD V. HICKS, Washington

PAUL N. McCLOSKEY, JR., California JOHN CONYERS, JR., Michigan

SAM STEIGER, Arizona BELLA S. ABZUG, New York

EX OFFICIO

CHET HOLIFIELD, California

FLORENCE P. DWYER, New Jersey
PHINEAS INDRITZ, Chief Counsel
DAVID B. FINNEGAN, Assistant Counsel

MICHAEL B. GROSS, Legal Assistant
JOSEPHINE SCHEIBER, Research Analyst

RUTH M. WALLICK, Clerk

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CONTENTS

Page

Part 1..

1-388

art 2

389-1272

rt 3

1273-2120

Hearings held on-

June 9

1273

June 10.

1333

Statement of

Bagley, George R., national vice president, National Association of

Conservation Districts..

1357

Boldt, Wilbur, deputy commissioner, North Dakota Game and Fish

Department..

1353

Crockford, Jack, assistant director, Georgia Game and Fish Com-
mission on

1300

Frost, S. L., deputy director for water, Ohio Department of Natural

Resources

1366

Frye, Dr. O. Earle, Jr., director, Florida Division of Game and Fresh

Water Fish...

1338

Gettinger, George D., executive director, Wabash Valley Interstate
Commission of Illinois and Indiana.

1320
Hanten, Robert, South Dakota Department of Game, Fish, and Parks. 1355
Huenefeld, Fred, Jr., president, Louisiana Soil and Water Conserva-
tion Districts

1363

Kelley, Charles D., chief, Game and Fish Division, Alabama Depart-

ment of Conservation...

1334

Jantzen, Robert A., director of the Arizona Game and Fish Depart-

ment.--

1316

Murphy, Dean A., superintendent of game management, Missouri

Department of Conservation...

1295

Turcotte, W. H., chief of Game and Fisheries Division, Mississippi

Game and Fish Commission.

1345

Warvel, Harold, assistant director, Tennessee Game and Fish Com-

mission...

1284

Yancey, Richard K., assistant director, Louisiana Wildlife and Fish-
eries Commission..

1274

Letters, statements, etc., submitted for the record by-

Bagley, George R., national vice president, National Association of

Conservation Districts: Letter, with attachment, dated June 17,

1971, to Chairman Reuss, from Gordon K. Zimmerman, the Na-

tional Association of Conservation Districts, re report on the Soil
and Water Conservation Research Division and interplay with the
Department of Interior concerning channelization problems.-

1377

Crockford, Jack, assistant director, Georgia Game and Fish Com-

mission:

Photographs Nos. 1-9 demonstrating certain effects to the en-

vironment..

1307-1315

Subjects of possible investigation relative to the Watershed Pro-
tection and Flood Protection Act (Public Law 83–566) -

1305
Frost, S. L., deputy director for water, Ohio Department of Natural
Resources, statement.-

1370
Frye, Dr. O. Earle, Jr., director, Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish
Commission, statement-

1342
Gettinger, George D., executive director, Wabash Valley Interstate
Commission of Illinois and Indiana, statement.

1322
Jantzen, Robert A., director of the Arizona Game and Fish Depart-

ment: Map delineating various vegetation clearing project areas.-- 1317

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IV

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Letters, statements, etc., submitted for the record by-Continued

Murphy, Dean A., superintendent of game management, Missouri Page
Department of Conservation, statement.

1297 Turcotte, W. H., chief of Game and Fisheries Division, Mississippi

Game and Fish Commission: Sundry attachments (I-VÍI) re stream
channelization...

1349–1353
Warvel, Harold, assistant director, Tennessee Game and Fish Com-
mission:
Channeled stream in Crow Creek watershed project, Alabama,
illustration..

1290 Statement...

1290 Unchanneled stream in Crow Creek watershed project, Tennessee, illustration.

1289 Yancey, Richard K., assistant director, Louisiana Wildlife and Fisheries Commission, statement...

1279

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1385

1621

APPENDIXES
(Appendixes 1-9 appear in part 1 of these hearings)

(Appendixes 10–13 appear in part 2 of these hearings)
Appendix 14.—Communications from State agencies -
Appendix 15.— Watershed projects involving channelization work-

-approved and pending-Appendix 16.–Additional communications relating to stream channeliza

tion.-Appendix 17.—Correspondence relating to the Alcovy channelization

project, Georgia... Appendix 18.--Statements of the Water Resources Council. Appendix 19.-U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Circular 39: “Wetlands of

the United States,” 1956 -Appendix 20.-Stream channelization: 1971 amendment to Agriculture

Appropriations Act for fiscal year 1972.

1799

1903
1937

1987

2059

STREAM CHANNELIZATION

(Part 3)

WEDNESDAY, JUNE 9, 1971

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
CONSERVATION AND NATURAL RESOURCES SUBCOMMITTEE
OF THE COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS,

Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met, at 10a.m., in room 2247, Rayburn House Office Building, Hon. Henry S. Reuss (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding.

Present: Representatives Henry S. Reuss, Gilbert Gude, Paul N. McCloskey, Jr., Sam Steiger, and John E. Moss.

Staff members present: Phineas Indritz, chief counsel; David B. Finnegan, assistant counsel; Michael B. Gross, legal assistant; and J. P. Carlson, minority counsel, Committee on Government Operations.

Mr. REUSS. The subcommittee will come to order.

Today we resume hearings concerning the dredging, modification, and channelization of waterways conducted or financed by the Soil Conservation Service, Corps of Engineers, Bureau of Reclamation, and other Federal agencies.

Last week Assistant Secretary of the Interior Nathaniel Reed testified that "a complete review of all river and stream channelization projects should be initiated.” In connection with this review, the Assistant Secretary said that he "would support” a moratorium on stream channelization projects of the Soil Conservation Service while such a study was going on, “because,” he said, "it would give us all time to come up with a reflective policy and not substantially damage any projects contemplated."

Mr. Reed testified that the facts show that extensive channelization is not sound.

Earlier, a dozen national conservation organizations, which testified before our subcommittee, all recommended that the stream channelization programs of the Department of Agriculture be halted until they have been reviewed and their effects on the environment reevaluated.

The Executive Director of the Water Resources Council, Mr. W. Don Maughan, told us last week that channelization is such a controversial issue" that "a study should be made" and that his agency had the expertise to do such a study. He also told us that the Council staff had recommended a 2-year moratorium on channelization projects with some limited exceptions. Although the Department of Agriculture is a member of the Council, its agency, the Soil Conservation Service, testified against such a moratorium.

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