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SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE
GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS, Centustua
Printed for the use of the Committee on Government Operations
U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON : 1971
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office
Washington, D.C. 20402 - Price $3.50
COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS
CHET HOLIFIELD, California, Chairman JACK BROOKS, Texas
FLORENCE P. DWYER, New Jersey L. H. FOUNTAIN, North Carolina
OGDEN R. REID, New York ROBERT E. JONES, Alabama
FRANK HORTON, New York EDWARD A. GARMATZ, Maryland
JOHN N. ERLENBORN, Illinois JOHN E. MOSS, California
JOHN W. WYDLER, New York DANTE B. FASCELL, Florida
CLARENCE J. BROWN, Ohio HENRY S. REUSS, Wisconsin
GUY VANDER JAGT, Michigan JOHN S. MONAGAN, Connecticut
GILBERT GUDE, Maryland TORBERT H. MACDONALD, Massachusetts PAUL N. MCCLOSKEY, JR., California WILLIAM S. MOORHEAD, Pennsylvania JOHN H. BUCHANAN, JR., Alabama CORNELIUS E. GALLAGHER, New Jersey SAM STEIGER, Arizona WM.J. RANDALL, Missouri
GARRY BROWN, Michigan
J. KENNETH ROBINSON, Virginia
CHARLES THONE, Nebraska
HERBERT ROBACK, Staff Director
JAMES A. LANIGAN, General Counsel
J. P. CARLSON, Minority Counsel
CONSERVATION AND NATURAL RESOURCES SUBCOMMITTEE
HENRY S. REUSS, Wisconsin, Chairman JOHN E. MOSS, California
GUY VANDER JAGT, Michigan DANTE B. FASCELL, Florida
GILBERT GUDE, Maryland FLOYD V. HICKS, Washington
PAUL N. McCLOSKEY, JR., California JOHN CONYERS, JR., Michigan
SAM STEIGER, Arizona BELLA S. ABZUG, New York
FLORENCE P. DWYER, New Jersey
MICHAEL B. Gross, Legal Assistant
Ruth M. WALLICK, Clerk
Crockford, Jack, assistant director, Georgia Game and Fish Com-
Gettinger, George D., executive director, Wabash Valley Interstate
Yancey, Richard K., assistant director, Louisiana Wildlife and Fish-
tional Association of Conservation Districts, re report on the Soil
Subjects of possible investigation relative to the Watershed Pro-
ment: Map delineating various vegetation clearing project areas.-- 1317
Letters, statements, etc., submitted for the record by-Continued
1297 Turcotte, W. H., chief of Game and Fisheries Division, Mississippi
Game and Fish Commission: Sundry attachments (I-VÍI) re stream
1290 Unchanneled stream in Crow Creek watershed project, Tennessee, illustration..
(Appendixes 10–13 appear in part 2 of these hearings) Appendix 14.—Communications from State agencies -
1385 Appendix 15.- Watershed projects involving channelization work-approved and pending
1621 Appendix 16.–Additional communications relating to stream channelization.
1799 Appendix 17.-Correspondence relating to the Alcovy channelization project, Georgia...
1903 Appendix 18.-Statements of the Water Resources Council.
1937 Appendix 19.-U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Circular 39: “Wetlands of the United States," 1956 ..
1987 Appendix 20.-Stream channelization: 1971 amendment to Agriculture Appropriations Act for fiscal year 1972.
WEDNESDAY, JUNE 9, 1971
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met, at 10 a.m., in room 2247, Rayburn House Office Building, Hon. Henry S. Reuss (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding.
Present: Representatives Henry S. Reuss, Gilbert Gude, Paul N. McCloskey, Jr., Sam Steiger, and John E. Moss.
Staff members present: Phineas Indritz, chief counsel; David B. Finnegan, assistant counsel; Michael B. Gross, legal assistant; and J. P. Carlson, minority counsel, Committee on Government Operations.
Mr. REUSS. The subcommittee will come to order.
Today we resume hearings concerning the dredging, modification, and channelization of waterways conducted or financed by the Soil Conservation Service, Corps of Engineers, Bureau of Reclamation, and other Federal agencies.
Last week Assistant Secretary of the Interior Nathaniel Reed testified that "a complete review of all river and stream channelization projects should be initiated.” In connection with this review, the Assistant Secretary said that he "would support” a moratorium on stream channelization projects of the Soil Conservation Service while such a study was going on, “because,” he said, “it would give us all time to come up with a reflective policy and not substantially damage any projects contemplated."
Mr. Reed testified that the facts show that extensive channelization is not sound.
Earlier, a dozen national conservation organizations, which testified before our subcommittee, all recommended that the stream channelization programs of the Department of Agriculture be halted until they have been reviewed and their effects on the environment reevaluated.
The Executive Director of the Water Resources Council, Mr. W. Don Maughan, told us last week that channelization is such a controversial issue" that "a study should be made” and that his agency had the expertise to do such a study. He also told us that the Council staff had recommended a 2-year moratorium on channelization projects with some limited exceptions. Although the Department of Agriculture is a member of the Council, its agency, the Soil Conservation Service, testified against such a moratorium.