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Since the passage of the National School Lunch Act in 1946, there have been a number of comprehensive amendments to that Act, in addition to new Acts enlarging the scope of child nutrition.
In 1954, the Special Milk program was authorized; in 1961, the special assistance features of the National School Lunch Act (Section 11) were authorized; in 1966, the Child Nutrition Act brought into being the School Breakfast program, and an expanded concept of nutrition for children from needy families; in 1968, the program for out-of-school nutrition (Special Food Service Program) was established, bringing summer feeding programs as well as all-year programs under the Act. In 1970, Public Law 91–248 gave further clarification to the intent of Congress that every needy child receive a free or reduced price lunch, and eligibility standards were set forth. During the 92d Congress, two other Acts, Public Law 92–32, and Public Law 92–153 again gave specific direction to the Department of Agriculture particularly in the matter of eligibility standards and reimbursement rates for meals served. Again in 1972, it became imperative for the Congress to take action in the field of child nutrition, and Public Law 92-433, approved September 26, 1972, authorized major changes in the funding procedures for Section 4 lunches and breakfasts, extended the school breakfast and special feeding programs through 1975, increasing appropriations for both programs to "such sums as are necessary”, supplied a floor and a ceiling for eligibility standards for free and reduced price lunches, increased the general assistance reimbursement rate to 8¢ per lunch, increased the authorization for equipment and changed the distribution formula so as to channel 50% of the appropriated funds to no-program schools, gave State and local school authorities the regulatory authority over competitive food service, and instituted a special supplemental food program for mothers and babies at nutritional risk.
Because of the numerous amendments to child nutrition legislation in recent years, I thought it would be useful to develop a print for the use of Members of the House of Representatives and their staffs, and for citizens interested in child nutrition legislation, to provide readily available information on the current provisions of the law, and I have therefore directed that the following committee print be produced.
CARL D. PERKINS, Chairman.
NATIONAL SCHOOL LUNCH ACT
AN ACT To provide assistance to the States in the establishment, maintenance,
operation, and expansion of school-lunch programs, and for other purposes Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the "National School Lunch Act.” 1
DECLARATION OF POLICY
SEC. 2. It is hereby declared to be the policy of Congress, as a measure of national security, to safeguard the health and well-being of the Nation's children and to encourage the domestic consumption of nutritious agricultural commodities and other food, by assisting the States, through grants-in-aid and other means, in providing an adequate supply of foods and other facilities for the establishment, maintenance, operation, and expansion of nonprofit school-lunch programs.
Sec. 3.2 For each fiscal year there is hereby authorized to be appropriated, out of money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, such sums as may be necessary to enable the Secretary of Agriculture (hereinafter referred to as “the Secretary') to carry out the provisions of this Act, other than sections 11 and 13. Appropriations to carry out the provisions of this Act and of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 for any fiscal year are authorized to be made a year in advance of the beginning of the fiscal year in which the funds will become available for disbursement to the States. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, any funds appropriated to carry out the provisions of such Acts shall remain available for the purposes of the Act for which appropriated until expended.
APPORTIONMENTS TO STATES
SEC. 4.3 The sums appropriated for any fiscal year pursuant to the authorization contained in section 3 of this Act, excluding the sum specified in section 5, shall be available to the Secretary for supplying agricultural commodities and other food for the program in accordance with the provisions of this Act. For each fiscal year the Secretary may make food assistance payments, at such times as he may determine, from the sums appropriated therefor, to each State educational
1 Public Law 79–396, 60 Stat. 230.
2 Sec. 3 was amended by Public Law 87–823, 76 Stat. 944, approved Oct. 15, 1962, further amended by Public Law 90-302, 82 Stat. 117, approved May 8, 1968, to include the exception of new sec. 13 as well as sec. 11. Final two sentences were added by Public Law 91–248, 84 Stat. 207, approved May 14, 1970.
3 Sec. 4 was amended by the act of Oct. 15, 1962 Public Law 87-823, 76 Stat. 944. Amended further by Public Law 92-433, 86 Stat. 724, approved Sept. 26, 1972.
agency, in a total amount equal to the result obtained by multiplying the number of lunches (consisting of a combination of foods which meet the minimum nutritional requirements prescribed by the Secretary under subsection 9(a) of this Act) served during such fiscal year to children in schools in such State, which participate in the school lunch program under this Act under agreements with such State educational agency, by a national average payment per lunch for such fiscal year determined by the Secretary to be necessary to carry out the purposes of this Act: Provided, That in any fiscal year such national average payment shall not be less than 8 cents per lunch and that the aggregate amount of the food assistance payments made by the Secretary to each State educational agency for any fiscal year shall not be less than the amount of the payments made by the State agency to participating schools within the State for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1972, to carry out the purposes of this section 4.
Sec. 5.* Of the sums appropriated for any fiscal year pursuant to the authorization contained in section 3 of the Act, $10,000,000 shall be available to the Secretary for the purpose of providing, during such fiscal year, nonfood assistance for the school-lunch program pursuant to the provisions of this Act. The Secretary shall apportion among the States during each fiscal year the aforesaid sum of $10,000,000, and such apportionment among the States shall be on the basis of the factors, and in accordance with the standards set forth in section 4 with respect to the apportionment for agricultural commodities and other foods.
DIRECT FEDERAL EXPENDITURES
Sec. 6. The funds provided by appropriation or transfer from other accounts for any fiscal year for carrying out the provisions of this Act, and for carrying out the provisions of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966, other than section 3 thereof, less
(1) not to exceed 312 per centum thereof which per centum is hereby made available to the Secretary for his administrative expenses under this Act and under the Child Nutrition Act of 1966;
(2) the amount apportioned by him pursuant to sections 4 and 5 of this Act and the amount appropriated pursuant to sections 11 and 13 of this Act and sections 4, 5, and 7 of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966; and
(3) not to exceed 1 per centum of the funds provided for carrying out the programs under this Act and the programs under the Child Nutrition Act of 1966, other than section 3, which per centum is hereby made available to the Secretary to supplement the nutritional benefits of these programs through grants to States and other means for nutritional training and education for workers, cooperators, and participants in these programs and for necessary surveys and studies of requirements for food service programs in furtherance of the purposes expressed in section 2 of this Act and section 2 of the Child Nutrition Act
* Sec. 5 was amended by Public Law 87-823, 76 Stat. 945.
5 See sec. 404 of the Agricultural Act of 1949, Public Law 81-439, 63 Stat. 1054, ap. proved Oct. 31, 1949, authorizing the use of the services and facilities of Commodity Credit Corporation in carrying out programs under sec. 6. [NOTE: The corporation has since been dissolved and its functions transferred.)
of 1966, shall be available to the Secretary during such year for direct expenditure by him for agricultural commodities and other foods to be distributed among the States and schools and service institutions participating in the food service programs under this Act and under the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 in accordance with the needs as determined by the local school and service institution authorities. The provisions of law contained in the proviso of the Act of June 28, 1937 (50 Stat. 323), facilitating operations with respect to the purchase and disposition of surplus agricultural commodities under section 32 of the Act approved August 24, 1935 (49 Stat. 774), as amended, shall, to the extent not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act, also be applicable to expenditures of funds by the Secretary under this Act.
PAYMENTS TO STATES
Sec. 7. Funds apportioned to any State pursuant to section 4 or 5 during any fiscal year shall be available for payment to such State for disbursement by the State educational agency, in accordance with such agreements not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act, as may be entered into by the Secretary and such State educational agency, for the purpose of assisting schools of that State during such fiscal year, in supplying (1) agricultural commodities and other foods for consumption by children and (2) nonfood assistance in furtherance of the school lunch program authorized under this Act. Such payments to any State in any fiscal year during the period 1947 to 1950, inclusive, shall be made upon condition that each dollar thereof will be matched during such year by $1 from sources within the State determined by the Secretary to have been expended in connection with the school-lunch program under this Act. Such payments in any fiscal year during the period 1951 to 1955, inclusive, shall be made upon condition that each dollar thereof will be so matched by one and onehalf dollars; and for any fiscal year thereafter, such payments shall be made upon condition that each dollar will be so matched by $3. In the case of any State whose per capita income is less than the per capita income of the United States, the matching required for any fiscal year shall be decreased by the percentage which the State per capita income is below the per capita income of the United States. For the purpose of determining whether the matching requirements of this section and section 10, respectively, have been met, the reasonable value of donated services, supplies, facilities and equipment as certified, respectively, by the State educational agency and in case of schools receiving funds pursuant to section 10, by such schools (but not the cost or value of land, of the acquisition, construction, or alteration of buildings of commodities donated by the Secretary, or of Federal contributions), may be regarded as funds from sources within the State expended in connection with the school lunch program. For the fiscal year beginning July 1, 1972, State revenue (other than revenues derived from the program) appropriated or utilized specifically
This sentence was amended by Public Law 91–248, 84 Stat. 209, approved May 14, 1970.