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TABLE II
PERCENTAGE VOTES CAST ARE OF TOTAL NUMBER OF MALES OF VOTING AGE BY PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS

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53.0

75.

69.2
99.7

75.4
65.1

61.9

69.868.4 65.0
76.7 79.9 72.5
38.5 38.0 39.0
96.1 83.0 42.6

78.8
42.6
77.3

72.8
47.6

62.4

31.I

60.2

58.3 65.2
72.0 65.
42.4 50.1
34.5

28.6

70.4
78.4 | 63.2
70.9

72.8

65. I 72.1 58.3

42.4 48.2
34.5

59.2
44.4 48.5 46.3
25.9

18.8
78.1 85.3 72.9 70.3

56.2 47.4 82.0 56.0 27.9

31.0

28.5

20.5

83.6

33.3

32. Oklahoma.
33. Oregon..
34. Pennsylvania.
35. Rhode Island.
36. South Carolina.
37. South Dakota.
38. Tennessee.
39. Texas..
40. Utah..
41. Vermont.
42. Virginia.
43. Washington.
44. West Virginia.
45. Wisconsin.
46. Wyoming

71.8

47.6

74.9
69.2

64.4 74.0 71.0
42.6 49.6 63.5

70.3
73.9

59.6

49.2

61.9

61.7.

57.5

68.0

69.1
76.6 63.6

61.2
81.6

54.6

79.1

88.1

63.4
83.0

66. I

27.1

49.2

86.3
82.0

59.4 | 57.2

46.7 46.1
74.4 70.5 58.9

27.2
56.0 53.4 54.9

46.2
88.6
96.2

85.7
76.9 85.0 77.5 72.6 69.0
57.6 65.9 65.0 66.7 64.8

60.6

80.9
79.6 70.6 82.478.6

93.7
81,1

80.9

81.4

99.5

95.I

74. I

Median.

64.4

.276

75.9

73.8

71.3

74.0

66.8

71.1 63.4 58.460.5

EXPLANATION OF TABLE II

The percentages presented in Table II comprise the only compilation of the percentages by states of males of voting age who actually voted at presidential elections, that the writer knows of. The table was computed by the writer as follows: the total vote (of all parties) for each election since 1856 by states was obtained from the compilation of the Fact Book, referred to above; next, the total number of males of voting age for the decades ending in 1870, 1880, 1890, 1900, and 1910, by states was obtained from the United States Census; the percentages were obtained by dividing the census figures into the vote figures; where, as in 1872, the number of males of voting age was not given by the census, resort was made to estimates of the number of males of voting age for 1872, based upon simple graphical interpolation. 24,647

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2
17,534
9,081

Nevada. Nevada.

33 41 35 38

7,878 2,811

38 42

8,619

714

38 40

34

8,454

67,053 122,406

28 20

Wyoming Arkansas.

10,072 56,679

41 31

10,861 87,015

43 24

TABLE III COMPARISON BETWEEN VOTES OF STATES NEWLY ADMITTED AND VOTES OF STATES ALREADY IN THE UNION

VOTE CAST AND POSITION

VOTE CAST AND POSITION

YEAR

STATE ADMITTED

COMPARABLE STATE

Republican

Position

Democratic

Position

Republican Position

Democrat

Position

1880..
1892.

27,450

8,599
18,838

33
40

Colorado.
Idaho.
Montana.
South Dakota.
North Dakota.
Wyoming
Utah.
Oklahoma.

34,880

32
36
41
38
23

17,159

7,722
13,461
110,558

1896.
1908..

* Colorado was admitted in 1876; Idaho and Wyoming were admitted in 1890; Montana, North and South Dakota were admitted in 1889; Oklahoma was

admitted in 1907.

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the variability of percentage voting is smaller than in 1872 or 1880, and that combined with this, 1876 shows a higher median percentage voting. We have a case of lower variability around the higher median-an index of intelligent vote as compared with 1872 or 1880. It will also be seen that for 1876 more states showed their highest percentage voting than in 1872 or 1880. Moreover, while a majority of states, 19 as to 9 and 20 as to 1o, showed decreasing percentage voting in 1872 and 1880, the year 1876 showed a large

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Obtained from census figures of number of males of voting age for decades.

majority of states, 38 as to 2, having an increase in percentage voting. For the year 1896 there is a higher median percentage voting than in 1892 or 1900, and 13 states show high for 1896 as against i and 3 high for 1892 and 1900, respectively. Moreover, the majority of states in 1896 show increase percentage voting 25 to 15, as against majorities showing decreasing percentages in 1892 and 1900. For these reasons it is believed that the increasing variability is due to increased percentage voting, which in turn is evidence of increasing political intelligence.

Tables VIII and VI show respectively, the position of any state at every election year with reference to the percentage voting, and compare the states showing the highest and lowest percentages of

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TABLE V YEARS OF HIGHEST AND LOWEST PERCENTAGES VOTING BY STATES

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44.3

79.9

35.6
45.4

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State

1856

1860

1864

1868

I. Alabama. 2. Arkansas. 3. California. 4. Colorado. 5. Connecticut. 6. Delaware. 7. Florida.. 8. Georgia. 9. Idaho. Io. Illinois. II. Indiana. 12. Iowa. 13. Kansas. 14. Kentucky 15. Louisiana. 16. Maine. 17. Maryland. 18. Massachusetts. 19. Michigan. 20. Minnesota. 21. Mississippi. 22. Missouri. 23. Montana 24. Nebraska. 25. Nevada.. 26. New Hampshire.. 27. New Jersey. 28. New York. 29. North Carolina. 30. North Dakota.

31. Ohio.

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