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the committee for the committee's direct consideration or for reference to another subcommittee,

Bills, resolutions, or other matters favorably reported by a subcommittee shall automatically be placed upon the agenda of the committee as of the time they are reported and shall be considered by the full committee in the order in which they were reported unless the committee shall by majority vote otherwise direct: Provided, That no bill reported by a subcommittee shall be considered by the full committee unless it has been in the hands of all members at least 48 hours prior to the meeting, together with a comparison with present law and a section-by-section analysis of the proposed change, and a section-bysection justification.

No committee report shall be filed until copies of the proposed report have been available to all members at least 36 hours prior. No material change shall be made in the report distributed to members unless agreed to by majority vote.

RULE 17. BUDGET COMMITTEE BUDGET AND EXPENSES.-The chairman, in consultation with the majority members of the committee, shall for each session of the Congress prepare a preliminary budget. Such budget shall include necessary amounts for staff personnel under the committee's direction and supervision, and for necessary travel, investigation, and other expenses of the full committee, and, after consultation with the minority membership, shall include necessary amounts for staff personnel under their direction and supervision. The chairman of each standing subcommittee, in consultation with the majority members thereof, shall prepare a supplemental budget to include funds for each additional staff, and for such travel, investigations, etc., as may be required for the work of his subcommittee. Thereafter, the clerk shall combine such proposals into a consolidated committee budget, and shall present the same to the committee for its approval or other action. The chairman shall take whatever action is necessary to have the budget as finally approved by the committee duly authorized by the House. After said budget shall have been adopted, no change shall be made in such budget unless first approved by the committee. Chairmen of the standing subcommittees may authorize necessary travel when authorized in accordance with these rules and investigative expenses within the limits of their portion of the consolidated budget as approved by the House, and the chairman, at the request of the subcommittee chairman, shall execute necessary vouchers therefor.

Once monthly, at the regularly scheduled meeting, the chairman shall submit to the committee, in writing, for its approval, or other action, a full and detailed accounting of all expenditures made during the period since the last such accounting from the amount budgeted to the full committee. Such report shall show the amount and purpose of each expenditure and the budget item to which such expenditure is attributed.

RULE 18. RECOMMENDATION OF RULE FOR APPOINTMENT OF CONFEREES.-Whenever in the legislative process it becomes necessary to appoint conferees, the chairman shall recommend to the Speaker as conferees the names of those members of the subcommittee which handled the legislation in the order of their seniority upon such subcommittee and such other committee members as the chairman may designate.

RULE 19. SCHEDULING AND AUTHENTICATING OF THESE RULES.These rules shall become effective immediately upon adoption and an authenticated copy containing the signatures of members of this committee who voted for these rules shall be immediately delivered to the Speaker of the House, the chairman of the Committee on House Administration, the chairman of the Committee on Rules, the Clerk of the House of Representatives, the majority leader, and the minority leaders.

Those ad hoc subcommittees in existence upon the adoption of these rules; to wit, the Subcommittee on the Handicapped, De Facto School Segregation, Task Force on International Education, and Subcommittee on the Committee's Centennial, shall remain in existence during the remainder of this session of Congress.

The adoption of these rules shall in no way enlarge or modify the scope of the Committee on Education and Labor.

PARAGRAPH 26 OF RULE XI OF THE RULES OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

26. (a) The rules of the House are the rules of its committees so far as applicable, except that a motion to recess from day to day is a motion of high privilege in committees. Committees may adopt additional rules not inconsistent therewith.

(b) Each committee shall keep a complete record of all committee action. Such record shall include a record of the votes on any question on which a record vote is demanded.

(c) All committee hearings, records, data, charts, and files shall be kept separate and distinct from the congressional office records of the Member serving as chairman of the committee; and such records shall be the property of the House and all Members of the House shall have access to such records. Each committee is authorized to have printed and bound testimony and other data presented at hearings. held by the committee.

(d) It shall be the duty of the chairman of each committee to report or cause to be reported promptly to the House any measure approved by his committee to take or cause to be taken necessary steps to bring the matter to a vote.

(e) No measure or recommendation shall be reported from any committee unless a majority of the committee were actually present.

(f) Each committee shall, so far as practicable, require all witnesses appearing before it to file in advance written statements of their proposed testimony, and to limit their oral presentation to brief summaries of their argument. The staff of each committee shall prepare digests of such statements for the use of committee members.

(g) All hearings conducted by standing committees or their subcommittees shall be open to the public, except executive sessions for marking up bills or for voting or where the committee by a majority vote orders an executive session.

(h) Each committee may fix the number of its members to constitute a quorum for taking testimony and receiving evidence, which shall be not less than two.

(i) The chairman at an investigative hearing shall announce in an opening statement the subject of the investigation.

PARAGRAPH 26 OF RULE XI OF THE RULES OF THE

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 26. (a) The rules of the House are the rules of its committees so far as applicable, except that a motion to recess from day to day is a motion of high privilege in committees. Committees may adopt additional rules not inconsistent therewith.

(6) Each committee shall keep a complete record of all committee action. Such record shall include a record of the votes on any question on which a record vote is demanded.

(c) All committee hearings, records, data, charts, and files shall be kept separate and distinct from the congressional office records of the Member serving as chairman of the committee; and such records shall be the property of the House and all Members of the House shall have access to such records. Each committee is authorized to have printed and bound testimony and other data presented at hearings held by the committee.

(d) It shall be the duty of the chairman of each committee to report or cause to be reported promptly to the House any measure approved by his committee to take or cause to be taken necessary steps to bring the matter to a vote.

(e) No measure or recommendation shall be reported from any committee unless a majority of the committee were actually present.

(f) Each committee shall, so far as practicable, require all witnesses appearing before it to file in advance written statements of their proposed testimony, and to limit their oral presentation to brief summaries of their argument. The staff of each committee shall prepare digests of such statements for the use of committee members.

(g) All hearings conducted by standing committees or their subcommittees shall be open to the public, except executive sessions for marking up bills or for voting or where the committee by a majority vote orders an executive session.

(h) Each committee may fix the number of its members to constitute a quorum for taking testimony and receiving evidence, which shall be not less than two.

(i) The chairman at an investigative hearing shall announce in an opening statement the subject of the investigation.

() A copy of the committee rules, if any, and paragraph 26 of rule XI of the House of Representatives shall be made available to the witness.

(k) Witnesses at investigative hearings may be accompanied by their own counsel for the purpose of advising them concerning their constitutional rights.

(1) The chairman may punish breaches of order and decorum, and of professional ethics on the part of counsel, by censure and exclusion from the hearings; and the committee may cite the offender to the House for contempt.

(m) If the committee determines that evidence or testimony at an investigative hearing may tend to defame, degrade, or incriminate any person, it shall

(1) receive such evidence or testimony in executive session;

(2) afford such person an opportunity voluntarily to appear as a witness; and

(3) receive and dispose of requests from such person to subpena additional witnesses.

(n) Except as provided in paragraph (m), the chairman shall receive and the committee shall dispose of requests to subpena additional witnesses.

(0) No evidence or testimony taken in executive session may be released or used in public sessions without the consent of the committee.

(p) In the discretion of the committee, witnesses may submit brief and pertinent sworn statements in writing for inclusion in the record. The committee is the sole judge of the pertinency of testimony and evidence adduced at its hearing.

(q) Upon the payment of the cost thereof, a witness may obtain a transcript copy of his testimony given at a public session or, if given at an executive session, when authorized by the committee.

United States House of Representatives

COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR

89th Congress

Paragraph 26(j) of rul XI, Rules of the House of Representatives, provides that a copy of the committee rules and paragraph 26 of rule XI shall be made available to witnesses before the committee.

This reprint of the above-mentioned rules is furnished in accordance with that requirement.

RULES OF THE COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION

AND LABOR

(Adopted on September 22, 1966) RULE 1. MEETINGS.-Regular meetings of the Committee on Education and Labor shall be held every Thursday at 9:45 a.m. while Congress is in session. Meetings may also be held at such other times as may be set by the chairman, or by written petition of a majority of the committee, duly filed with the clerk of the committee. No meeting of the committee, other than the regularly scheduled meetings, may be held without each member being given prior written notice of at least 24 hours before the meeting unless otherwise specified by the majority of those present. Such meetings shall be called to order and presided over by the chairman, or in the absence of the chairman, by the ranking majority member of the committee present.

RULE 2. RULES, PROCEDURE. The rules of the House as far as they are applicable shall be the rules of the committee, and procedure in the committee, where not otherwise provided herein, shall follow the procedure of the House. Committee members may question witnesses only when they have been recognized by the chairman for that purpose, and only for a 5-minute period. The 5-minute period for questioning

5 a witness by any one member can be extended only with the unanimous consent of all members present.

Rule 3. JOURNAL; ROLLCALLS.-—The proceedings of the committee shall be recorded in a journal which shall, among other things, show those present at each meeting and include a record of the votes on any question on which a record vote is demanded. A record vote may be demanded by one-fifth of the members present or, in the apparent absence of a quorum, by any one member. No demand for a rollcall shall be made or entertained save for the purpose of securing a record vote or in the apparent absence of a quorum.

RULE 4. SUBCOMMITTEES.- There shall be six standing subcommittees as follows: The General Subcommittee on Education, the General Subcommittee on Labor, the Special Subcommittee on Education,

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