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of outstanding individuals recognized by their peers for their expertise in the fields of architecture, landscaping, and in the preservation of historic buildings. The duty of the Commission would be to advise the Congress, and those employees of the Congress charged with providing and maintaining the quarters, on construction projects involving the U.S. Capitol and adjacent areas.

The subcommittee did not conduct any executive sessions on this legislation.

Additionally, the subcommittee discharged its legislative oversight responsibility by observing the operations of the National Foundation on the Arts and the Humanities.

Select Subcommittee on Labor

During the second session, the Select Subcommittee on Labor considered three subjects. It held 14 days of hearings and reported two bills which became law. In addition, a subcommittee measure considered and passed by the House during the first session, the Federal Metal and Nonmetallic Mine Safety Act (H.R. 8989), passed the Senate on June 23. The House and Senate agreed to the conference report on this bill on August 31, and it became Public Law 89-577 on September 16. Federal Employees' Compensation Act

Consideration of H.R. 10721 was resumed during the second session. The bill, broadened in executive session to include some of the other FECA proposals referred to subcommittee, was reported to the full committee on February 2. On March 2 the committee reported the measure, amended, to the House (H. Rept. 1304). The bill provides for increased benefits in line with the percentage rise in the Consumer Price Index, flexible dollar ceilings on compensation payments, continued benefits to and on account of dependent children still receiving an education, rehiring procedures for disabled employees who wish to return to work, and a hearing procedure.

On March 7, H.R. 10721 passed the House, by voice vote, under suspension of the rules. The House concurred in the Senate amendments to the bill on June 21, and on July 4 the bill became Public Law 89-488. Manpower Services Act and Employment Service Act

On February 24 Mr. Holland introduced H.R. 13037, a bill to amend the Wagner-Peyser Act, and entitled the "Manpower Services Act." Ten days of joint hearings were held on this bill and its companion S. 2974 by the select subcommittee and the Subcommittee on Employment, Manpower, and Poverty of the Senate Committee on Labor and Public Welfare. Also considered during these hearings were the Employment Service Act bills, H.R. 13362 and S. 3032, introduced by Mr. Holland and Senator Clark on behalf of the administration.

H.R. 13037 (and S. 2974) provided for expansion, modernization, and improvement of the operations of the Federal-State employment service in order to meet the Nation's present manpower needs. The Senate passed S. 2974 with amendments on June 29, and on June 30 it was referred to the select subcommittee. No further action was taken.

Manpower Development and Training Act

Four days of hearings (June 2, 6, 7, and 8) were held on a series of bills to amend the Manpower Development and Training Act. These bills were H.R. 14341, H.R. 14637, H.R. 14671, H.R. 14685, H.R. 14690, H.R. 14705, H.R. 14731, H.R. 14737, and H.R. 14362, known as the State and Local Government Employees Training Act.

On July 29 Mr. Holland introduced H. Ř. 16715, an omnibus bill embodying approved proposed amendments to MDTA, and the subcommittee reported this measure to the full committee on August 1. H.R. 16715 broadens the eligibility for referral to training, extends training allowance provisions, provides for broader utilization of private educational institutions, authorizes experimental and demonstration training projects for inmates of correctional institutions and makes some necessary administrative adjustments.

H.R. 16715 was reported with amendments to the House on September 8 (H. Rept. 2017). The House considered and passed the bill under suspension on September 19. The bill passed the Senate on October 13 and became Public Law 89-792 on November 7, 1966.

Ad Hoc Subcommittee on the War on Poverty Program The investigatory task force authorized late in August 1965 to assist the Ad Hoc Subcommittee on the War on Poverty, began an intensive series of investigations in September, which carried through to the end of February 1966. Its prime purpose was to collect data on the administration and operation of programs funded under the Economic Opportunity Act, useful to the subcommittee in drafting new amendments to the act. During this period the task force, in teams of 1 to 6 investigators, made 79 inspections of antipoverty agencies and programs in 22 States and the District of Columbia. These included visits to 15 Job Corps conservation and urban training centers; intensive investigation of 58 community action programs in large cities covering Neighborhood Youth Corps operations and work experience programs; programs in rural communities in North Carolina, Texas, New Mexico, and West Virginia were also examined. In fact, the investigations covered the entire range of programs funded under the Economic Opportunity Act. The intensity of the investigations is exemplified by the fact that nine States were visited twice, and four sites were inspected on three separate occasions. It is also most significant to note that 15 of these inspections were led by congressional members of the subcommittee. From March to the present, the task force has continued to function, although on a more limited scale. It assisted the committee with the hearings, the development of amendments to the act, and investigated numerous serious complaints from communities across the country. Chairman Powell sent a staff summary of these investigations to the Members of Congress.

On March 8, 1966, Chairman Powell introduced H.R. 13391, a bill to provide for continued progress in the Nation's war on poverty, On the same date Representative Gibbons introduced an identical bill. Both bills were referred to the Ad Hoc Subcommittee on the War on Poverty Program. Subcommittee hearings were held on March 8, 9, 10, 15, 16, 17, 22, and 23, 1966.

On May 4, 1966 the subcommittee agreed that the full committee consider the amendments. As chairman of the subcommittee and the full committee, Chairman Powell held seven executive sessions on May 4, 5, 9, 10, 12, 18 and an afternoon session was also held on May 12.

On May 17, 1966, the committee approved a clean bill (H.R. 15111), which was introduced by Representative Gibbons on May 17, 1966. On May 18, 1966, the bill was ordered reported (H. Rept. 1568). A rule requested on June 2, 1966, was granted on June 29, 1966.

H.R. 15111 came before the House on September 26, 1966, and after amendment passed by a vote of 210 to 156.

On October 20, 1966, the House adopted the conference report (H. Rept. 2298), by a vote of 170 to 109. H.R. 15111 was signed by the President and became Public Law 89–794 on November 8, 1966.

Some of the most significant changes provided by the 1966 amendments included the expansion of work training and manpower de velopment for youth and chronically unemployed adults; authorized funds for the creation of health centers which would include community-centered demonstration narcotic rehabilitation programs; assurance that community action programs would have not less than one-third representation by the poor on policymaking boards; and provision for requirements for independent funding of certain local community action programs.

Actually, the items listed above all represent a part of a process reflected in the 1966 amendments; namely, specific earmarking of authorization of funds for certain titles and sections in order to insure that the Congress exert its proper responsibility over programs and activities conducted under the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964 as amended.


A list of the activities of the Committee on Education and Labor during the 89th Congress is presented in summary fashion in this section.

The various activities engaged the participation of the staffs of the full committee, three standing subcommittees on education, three standing subcommittees on labor, and eight ad hoc subcommittees. Membership in these committees is recorded on pages ii-iv.



A. Hearings

(In alphabetical order) 1. Books for Schools (No legislation; Ad Hoc Subcommittee on

De Facto School Segregation):

1966-August 23, 24, 30, 31; September 1. (828 pages.) 2. Child Development Specialists (H.R. 11322; General Subcom

mittee on Education):

1965–October 19 and 20. (293 pages.) 3. Commission on Noxious and Obscene Matters and Materials

(H.R. 7465 and related bills; Select Subcommittee on Education):

1965—September 1, 2, 8, and 14. (143 pages.) 4. Correctional Rehabilitation (H.R. 2263, and similar bills; Special

Subcommittee on Education):

1965-April 7. (84 pages.) 5. De Facto School Segregation in Chicago (No legislation; Ad Hoc

Subcommittee on the War on Poverty Program): 2

1965—July 27 and 28. (362 pages.) 6. Disaster School Assistance Legislation (H.R. 7808 and related

bills; General Subcommittee on Education):

1965—May 18, 19, 24, 26. (146 pages.) 7. District of Columbia Public School System (No legislation; Task

Force on Antipoverty in the District of Columbia): 2

1965—October 7, 8, 12, 26, and 27. (868 pages.)

1966—March 14. 8. Education and Training of the Handicapped (H.R. 16847; Ad

Hoc Subcommittee on Handicapped):

1966-August 16, 17, 18, 22, and 24. (611 pages.) 9. Elementary and Secondary Education Act Formulas (No legisla

tion; General Subcommittee on Education):

1965-June 16 and 22. (43 pages.) 10. Elementary and Secondary Education Act, 1965 (H.R. 2361,

H.R. 2362 and related bills; General Subcommittee on Educa-
1965—January 22, 23, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30; February 1 and

2. (2,128 pages.) 1 Unless otherwise indicated, hearings held in Washington, D.C. 2 Hearings listed under Education and Labor activities.

11. Elementary and Secondary Education Amendments, 1966 (H.R.

13160 and H.R. 13161; General Subcommittee on Education): 1966—March 7, 9, 10, 11, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 22, 23, 24, 28,

29, 30; April 18, 19, 20, 21, and 23. (1,108 pages.) 12. Elementary and Secondary School Construction Act of 1965

(H.R. 9948; General Subcommittee on Education):
1965—July 27, 28, 29; August 3, 5, 10, 11, 12, and 17. (545

pages.) 13. Federal Sabbatical Leave Program (H.R. 5047; Select Subcom

mittee on Education):

1965-July 13 and 14. (106 pages.) 14. Federal School Facilities Construction in Puerto Rico, Wake

Island, Guam, and the Virgin Islands (H.R. 2959; Select
Subcommittee on Education):
1965-February 19, Ramey Air Force Base, Puerto Rico.

February 20, Fort Buchanan, P.R. 15. High School for the Deaf (H.R. 17190; Ad Hoc Subcommittee

on the Handicapped):

1966-September 13 and 14. (75 pages.) 16. Higher Education Act, 1965 (H.R. 3220; H.R. 3221 and related

bills; Special Subcommittee on Education):
1965-February 1, 2, 3, 4, 5; March 8, 9, 10, 12, 16, 17, 18,

19—Washington, D.C.

April 30; May 1–Chicago, Ill. (889 pages.) 17. Higher Education Facilities Act, 1966 (H.R. 13174; H.R. 13237

and similar bills; Special Subcommittee on Education):

1966—March 10, 11, 14, 16, and 17. (324 pages.) 18. Investigation of the Education and Training of the Handicapped

(No legislation; Ad Hoc Subcommittee on the Handicapped): 1966—June 6, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 20, 21, 22; August 9; October

5. 19. International Education (H.R. 12451; H.R. 12452 and related

bills; Task Force on International Education):

1966—March 30, 31; April 1, 4, 5, 6, and 7. (453 pages.) 20. Juvenile Delinquency and Youth Offenses Control Act (H. Ř. 7177

and identical bills; General Subcommittee on Education):
1965—April 28, Washington, D.C.; May 10, New York

City. (545 pages.) 21. Library Services and Construction Act, Extension and Amend

ment (H.R. 13173, H.R. 14050 and related bills; Select Subcommittee on Education):

1966-April 19, 20, 21, and 25. (372 pages.) 22. Manpower Needs for Persons Having Post-Secondary Education

or Training (No legislation; Special Subcommittee on Education):

1966-February 16, 17, 18, and 21. 23. National Arts Foundation (H.R. 334, H.R. 2043, H.R. 3617 and

related bills; Special Subcommittee on Labor): 2
1965-February 24, March 22, 23, and 24. (443 pages.)

( 24. National Education Policy (H.J. Res. 965 and related resolutions;

General Subcommittee on Education):

1966-September 20. 2 Hearings listed under Education and Labor activities.

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