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professional librarians are needed for service to public libraries and in schools and colleges. We need 140,000 more teachers for handicapped children. I recommend :
Grants to institutions of higher education for training of school, college, and community librarians and related services.
Extension and expansion of grants for training teachers and handicapped children.
In 1838, Mirabeau B. Lamar, the second President of the Republic of Texas and the father of Texas education, declared:
The cultivated mind is the guardian genius of democracy. It is the only dictator that free man acknowledges. It is the only security that free man desires.
Throughout the history of our Nation, the United States has recognized this truth. But during the periods when the country has been most astir with creative activity, when it most keenly sensed the sturdiness of the old reaching out for the vigor of the new, it has given special attention to its educational system.
This was true in the expansive 1820's and 1830's, when the American people acted decisively to build a public school system for the lower grades. It was no less true at the vigorous turn of the 20th century, when high schools were developed for the millions. Again, during the questing 1930's, fresh ideas stirred the traditions of the ruler and blackboard.
We are now embarked on another venture to put the American dream to work in meeting the new demands of a new day. Once again we must start where men who would improve their society have always known they must begin—with an educational system restudied, reinforced, and revitalized.
LYNDON B. JOHNSON. THE WHITE HOUSE, January 12, 1965.
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
JANUARY 12, 1965 Mr. POWELL introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Com
mittee on Education and Labor
To strengthen and improve educational quality and educational oppor
tunities in the Nation's elementary and secondary schools. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the "Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965".
TITLE I-FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE TO LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES FOR THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN OF LOW-INCOME FAMILIES
Sec. 2. The Act of September 30, 1950, Public Law 81-874, as amended (20 U.S.C. 236-244), is amended by inserting: "TITLE I-FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE FOR LOCAL EDUCA
TIONAL AGENCIES IN AREAS AFFECTED BY FEDERAL
ACTIVITY" immediately above the heading of section 1, by striking out “this Act” wherever it appears in sections 1 through 6, inclusive, and inserting in lieu thereof “this title”, and by adding immediately after section 6 the following new title:
"TITLE II—FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE TO LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES FOR THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN OF LOW-INCOME FAMILIES
“DECLARATION OF POLICY
“Sec. 201. In recognition of the special educational needs of children of low-income families and the impact that concentrations of lowincome families have on the ability of local educational agencies to support adequate educational programs, the Congress hereby declares it to be the policy of the United States to provide financial assistance (as set forth in this title) to local educational agencies serving areas with concentrations of children from low-income families to expand and improve their educational programs by various means (including where necessary the construction of school facilities) which contribute particularly to meeting the special educational needs of educationally deprived children.
"KINDS AND DURATION OF GRANTS
“Sec. 202. The Commissioner shall, in accordance with the provisions of this title, make payments to State educational agencies for basic grants to local educational agencies in the period beginning July 1, 1965, and ending June 30, 1968, and he shall make payments to State educational agencies for special incentive grants to local educational agencies in the period beginning July 1, 1966, and ending June 30, 1968.
“BASIC GRANTS-AMOUNT AND ELIGIBILITY
“Sec. 203. (a)(1) In any case in which the Commissioner determines that satisfactory data for that purpose are available from the Department of Commerce, the maximum amount of a basic grant which a local educational agency in a State shall be eligible to receive under this title for any fiscal year shall be (except as provided in paragraph (2)) an amount equal to the Federal percentage (determined pursuant to subsection (c)) of the average per pupil expenditure in that State multiplied by the number of children aged five to seventeen, inclusive, in the school district of such agency, of families having an annual income of less than the low-income factor determined pursuant to subsection (c). In any other case, the maximum basic grant for any local educational agency shall be determined on the basis of the aggregate maximum amount of such grants for all such agencies in the county or counties in which the school district of the particular agency is located, which aggregate maximum amount shall be equal to the Federal percentage of such per pupil expenditure multiplied by the number of children of such ages and families in such county or counties and shall be allocated among those agencies upon such equitable basis as may be determined by the State educational agency in accordance with basic criteria prescribed by the Commissioner. For purposes of this subsection the "average per pupil expenditure in a State shall be the aggregate current expenditures, during the second fiscal year preceding the fiscal year for which the computation is made, of all local educational agencies in the State (without regard to the sources of funds from which such expenditures are made) divided by the aggregate number of children in average daily attendance to whom such agencies provided free public education during such preceding year.
“(2) If the maximum amount of the basic grant determined pursuant to paragraph (1) for any local educational agencies for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1966, is greater than 30 per centum of the sum budgeted by that agency for current expenditures for that year (as determined pursuant to regulations of the Commissioner), such maximum amount shall be reduced to 30 per centum for such budgeted sum.
"(b) A local educational agency shall be eligible for a basic grant for a fiscal year under this title only if it meets the following requirements with respect to the number of children aged five to seventeen, inclusive, of families having an annual income of less than the lowincome factor (as determined pursuant to subsection (c)):
“(1) In any case (except as provided in paragraph (3)) in which the Commissioner determines that satisfactory data for the purpose of this subsection as to the number of such children of such families are available on a school district basis, the number of such children of such families in the school district of such local educational agency shall be
“(A) at least 100, or
“(B) equal to 3 per centum or more of the total number of all children aged five to seventeen, inclusive, in such dis
trict, whichever is less, except that it shall in no case be less than ten.
“(2) In any other case, except as provided in paragraph (3), the number of children of such ages of families with such income in the county which includes such local educational agency's school district shall be one hundred or more.
“(3) In any case in which a county includes a part of the school district of the local educational agency concerned and the Commissioner has not determined that satisfactory data for the purpose of this subsection are available on a school district basis for all the local educational agencies for all the counties into which the school district of the local educational agency concerned extends, the eligibility requirement with respect to the number of children of such ages of families of such income for such local educational agency shall be determined in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Commissioner for the purposes of this
subsection. "(c) For the purposes of this section, the 'Federal percentage' and the 'low-income factor for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1966, shall be 50 per centum and $2,000, respectively. For each of the two succeeding fiscal years the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare shall determine the Federal percentage and the low-income factor on such basis, in the light of the sums appropriated for that year for making grants under this title, as he determines will best carry out the purposes of this title.
"7d) For the purposes of this section, the Commissioner shall determine the number of children aged five to seventeen, inclusive, of families having an annual income of less than the low-income factor (as determined pursuant to subsection (c)) on the basis of the most recent satisfactory data available from the Department of Commerce. When requested by the Commissioner, the Secretary of Commerce shall make a special estimate of the number of such children in each county or school district, and the Commissioner is authorized to pay (either in advance or by way of reimbursement) the Secretary of Commerce the cost of making this special estimate.
“SPECIAL INCENTIVE GRANTS
“Sec. 204. Each local educational agency which is eligible to receive a basic grant for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1967, shall be eligible to receive an additional special incentive grant equal to not more than the amount by which the current expenditures of that agency for the preceding fiscal year exceeded 105 per centum of such expenditures for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1965. Each such agency which is eligible to receive a basic
grant for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1968, shall be eligible to receive an additional special incentive grant equal to not more than the amount by which the current expenditures of that agency for the preceding fiscal year exceeded 110 per centum of such expenditures for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1965.
Sec. 205. (a) A local educational agency may receive a basic grant or a special incentive grant under this title for any fiscal year only upon application therefor approved by the appropriate State educational agency, upon its determination (consistent with such basic criteria as the Commissioner may establish
"(1) that payments under this title will be used for programs and projects (Ă) which are designed to meet the special educational needs of educationally deprived children in school attendance areas having high concentrations of children from lowincome families and (B) which are of sufficient size, scope, and quality to give reasonable promise of substantial progress toward meeting those needs;
“(2) that, to the extent consistent with the number of educationally deprived children in the school district of the local educational agency who attend nonpublic schools, such agency has made provision for including special educational services and arrangements (such as dual enrollment, educational radio and television, and mobile educational services) in which children can participate without full-time public school attendance;
“(3) in the case of any project for construction of school facilities, that the project is not inconsistent with overall State plans for the construction of school facilities and that the requirements of section 209 will be complied with on all such construction projects;
“(4) that effective procedures will be adopted for making continuing and periodic evaluations of the effectiveness of the programs in meeting the special educational needs of children of lowincome families;
“(5) that the local educational agency will make an annual report and such other reports to the State educational agency, in such form and containing such information, as may be reasonably necessary to enable the State educational agency to perform its duties under this title, and will keep such records and afford such access thereto as the State educational agency may find necessary to assure the correctness and verification of such reports; and
“(6) that wherever there is, in the area served by the local educational agency, a community action program approved pursuant to title II of the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964 (Public Law 88-452), the programs and projects have been developed in cooperation with the public or private nonprofit agency responsible
for the community action program. “(b) The State educational agency shall not finally disapprove in whole or in part any application for funds under this title without first