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faces of the second order; the principal properties of surfaces of the second order; discussion of the general equation of the second degree in three variables.

Differential calculus.—Functions; rates; differentials of functions; indeterminate forms; series; maxima and minima; geometrical applications; functions of two or more variables.

Integral calculus.-The methods of integration; definite integrals; quadrature of surfaces, cubiture of volumes; rectification of curves; centers of gravity; moments of inertia ; planimeters; rules for the approximate determination of areas and volumes.

Mechanics.-Kinematics; dynamics; kinetics, hydromechanics; the motion of projectiles; friction and other resistances; the application of mechanical principles to simple machines and to instruments.

Applied mechanics.-Elasticity; stress and strain; theory of structures; strength and deflection of beams; beams of uniform resistance; strength of materials.

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY.

Chemistry. Recitations and lectures on general and organic chemistry; experiments in the laboratory illustrating the daily recitations; a short course in chemical analysis.

Elementary physics.-Standards of length, mass and time; the centimeter-gramme-second system of units; acceleration, momentum, force, work, resolution of forces, gravitation; and elementary consideration of the statics of liquids and gases; the pressure of the atmosphere and its effects.

Sound, light, and heat.-Composition and resolution of simple harmonic motions; wave motions; reflection, refraction, and interference of sound, light, and heat waves; production and propagation of sound; laws of vibration of sounding bodies; production and propagation of ether waves; optical instruments; effects of heat upon bodies; pressure and density of gases; hygrometry; radiation at different temperatures; theory of exchanges, conduction, and convection of heat; specific and latent heat, the laws of thermodynamics; Carnot's engine.

Practical work in the physical laboratory.-Experiments illustrating the daily recitations, exact measurements of length,

mass, volume, and specific gravity; determination of candlepower of gas and electric lights; measurement of the index of refraction of some solids and liquids and of the focal length of lenses; photography; determination of the hygrometric state of the atmosphere; comparing barometers; determination of the specific heat and latent heat of various substances; other experiments illustrating the course of study in light and heat and leading to the skillful use of instruments of precision.

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING.

Electricity and magnetism; electrostatics; simple voltaic cells; primary batteries; storage batteries; Ohm's, Kirchoff's, and Maxwell's laws and their applications; heating effect of currents; electromagnetism; electromagnetic induction, self-induction, and mutual induction; theory of magnetic potential; terrestial magnetism; galvanometers, ammeters, voltmeters, and testing and measuring instruments; electric bells, telegraphs, and telephones; dynamo-electric machinery; different forms and classes of direct-current generators; characteristic curves; principles of alternating currents; transformers and alternators; direct and synchronous motors; induction motors; faults of generators and motors with their remedies; tests of generators and motors with experiments; all means of electrical communication; Hertzian waves; principles of wireless telegraphy and telephone, etc.

Practical work in the laboratory, second class.-Experiments with magnets and magnetic substances, natural and artificial; primary cells of all kinds, setting up, grouping, measuring, electro motive force, and resistances; dip circles and magnetometers, including calculation of dip and earth's horizontal force; experiments with galvanometers, ammeters, voltmeters, and all measuring instruments, including dynamometers, balances, potentiometers, etc.; experiments with photometers, measurement of resistances by all means, including Wheatstone bridges, slidemeter bridge, etc.; experiments with X-ray apparatus; simple experiments with generators and all means of electrical communication.

First class.-Care, handling, and manipulation of storage batteries, including methods of charge and discharge; con

struction of induction coils, different interrupters, etc.; construction of different kinds of condensers for wireless apparatus; experiments with direct current generators and motors, including model machine, construction of armatures, etc.; same for alternating generators and motors and induction motors; instruction in the use of all different kinds of switchboards, panel boards, distribution boards, etc.; same for rheostats, resistances, controllers, circuit breakers, etc.; work with turretturning equipment," ammunition-hoist equipment, elevating equipment, and loading equipment; work with ground detectors and all means of discovering and correcting faults; inspection of all kinds of wiring appliances, wires, and fixtures, practical care and handling of searchlights, all forms of electrical signals and all means of electrical communications, including telegraph of all kinds, indicators, call bells, telephones, etc.; measuring insulation resistances of various windings of generators and motors; location of grounds and correcting same; practical work with all different systems of motor control, including the various methods of turret turning; practical work with wireless telegraph and telephone equipments, and instruction in care and handling, and in the various codes.

All text book work is illustrated in the laboratory during practical work periods and midshipmen are required to perform all experiments. Matter not covered in the text books is given in lectures.

DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH.

English. The structure and historical development of the English language; punctuation and capitals; rhetoric and composition; choice and use of words; kinds of composition; narration and description; argumentative composition; classification of words; definition of words by usage and by derivation; faults in diction and their remedies; selection and arrangement; elementary principles of reasoning; principles of composition; exercises in the composition of official and personal dispatches, letters, and telegrams; themes.

History.-Important points in the naval history of the United States, by notes or lectures and textbooks.

Constitution of the United States.

DEPARTMENT OF MODERN LANGUAGES.

Spanish and French.-One half of each class in Spanish, the other half in French. The natural method; reading and translating narrative, composition, and comedy; written translations from English into Spanish and French; oral recitations in Spanish and French upon the construction and theory of the language; themes.

DEPARTMENT OF NAVAL HYGIENE AND PHYSIOLOGY.

Physiology and hygiene.-Human physiology and anatomy; first aid to the injured; effects of alcohol and narcotics; precautions against contagious and infectious diseases.

DISTRIBUTION OF STUDIES AND INSTRUCTION.

First year.-Mechanical drawing; algebra; geometry; trigonometry; logarithms; English; French and Spanish; practical instruction in seamanship, ordnance, target practice, infantry tactics, field artillery, sword exercise, sailing, rowing, swimming, gymnastics, dancing.

Second year.-Mechanical drawing; marine engineering; calculus; analytical geometry; stereographic projections; applied calculus; physics and chemistry; electrical engineering; English literature; United States naval history; French and Spanish; practical instruction in seamanship, ordnance, target practice, infantry tactics, field artillery, marine engineering, sailing, rowing, sword exercise.

Third year. Seamanship; ordnance and gunnery; astroncmy; navigation; marine engineering; principles of mechanism; theoretical and applied mechanics; electrical engineering; practical instruction in seamanship, ordnance, target practice, infantry tactics, field artillery, marine engineering, steam tactics, signals, sword exercise.

Fourth year.-Seamanship; international and military law; ordnance and gunnery; navigation; deviations of the compass; marine surveying; marine engineering; naval construction; experimental engineering; engineering materials and machine designing; electrical engineering; French and Spanish; physiology and hygiene; practical instruction in seamanship, ord

nance, target practice, marine engineering, navigation, compass deviations, surveying, steam tactics, electrical engineering, torpedoes and mines, infantry tactics, field artillery, sword exercise.

XIX. RECITATIONS AND EXAMINATIONS.

140. The daily recitations shall take place according to the program of studies prepared by the academic board. At each daily recitation midshipmen shall be prepared to recite on the lesson of the day and on the preceding lesson.

141. On the day immediately following a tour of duty, as prescribed in Part II of these regulations, "Interior discipline and government," midshipmen shall be excused from reciting on questions from the preceding lesson. They shall, however, be required to recite on the lesson of the day, and shall in all respects, except that above specified, be on the same footing as other members of their respective sections.

142. The questions and problems given to midshipmen at recitations and examinations shall be confined to the scope of the authorized text and reference books, lectures, and practical instruction.

143. Examinations shall be held at the end of each term upon the work of the term, unless otherwise directed by the academic board.

144. The academic board is authorized, at its discretion, subject to the approval of the Navy Department to establish rules, at the beginning of each academic year, exempting midshipmen who have attained a certain specified standard in any branch of study for the work of a term, from the semiannual or annual examination in that branch at the end of that term; such rules to be operative only during the course of the academic year in which they are established. No midshipman exempt under such rules shall be denied the privilege of taking the semiannual or annual examination in any branch if he so elects.

145. The semiannual examination shall be held in the last week of the first term, and the annual examination in the week beginning on the Monday following the academic month of May. If more than one week is required for the purpose, the days

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