World Employment Report 2004-05: Employment, Productivity and Poverty Reduction

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International Labour Organization, 2005 - 257 pages
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The World Employment Report 2004 examines the interrelationship between employment creation, productivity growth, and poverty reduction, exploring key issues relevant to the debate. It investigates whether gains in productivity lead to employment losses and, if so, the conditions under which this might occur. Given that productivity growth assumes a certain amount of flexibility of the labor force, this book also examines how a particular degree of employment stability can be maintained without sacrificing long-term growth. Here, social dialogue plays a central role in maintaining the balance between economic and social objectives. The volume shows that bridging the "global productivity divide," particularly in parts of the economy where the majority of people work --such as in agriculture, small-scale enterprises, or the urban informal economy --is essential for fighting poverty and stimulating growth in both output and "decent and productive" employment. The World Employment Report 2004 is the fifth in a series of ILO reports that offer a global perspective on current employment issues. The report is accompanied by a CD-ROM which includes: - Searchable statistical data - PDF versions of the report in English, French, and Spanish - A full set of background papers

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Contents

Overview and main policy messages
1
Figures
4
Global trends in employment productivity and poverty
23
1a Growth in output per person employed in Latin America and the Caribbean
35
9a Growth in output per person employed in South Asia total economy
50
I4a Growth in output per person employed in subSaharan Africa total economy
62
Does productivity help or harm employment growth?
77
5a Difference between sectoral and total economy annual average growth
118
Why agriculture still matters
127
A stable workplace? A mobile workforce? What is best for increasing
183
Change in employment by sector and annual productivity growth selected
185
tenure groups 13 European countries 19922002
202
Smallscale activities and the productivity divide
221
Boxes
239
Copyright

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