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SOCIAL SECURITY LAWS
INCLUDING THE SOCIAL SECURITY ACT,
AS AMENDED, AND RELATED ENACTMENTS
THROUGH JANUARY 1, 1999
PRINTED FOR THE USE OF THE
COMMITTEE ON WAYS AND MEANS BY ITS STAFF
U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
For sale by the U.S. Government Printing Office
Superintendent of Documents, Mail Stop: SSOP, Washington, DC 20402-9328
The Social Security Act
The original Social Security Act (the Act) is P.L. 74–271 (49 Stat. 620), approved August 14, 1935. The Act has been amended in part, a number of times. A list of laws which have amended the Act may be found in Volume II.
Administration of the Social Security Act
The Social Security Board was responsible for administration of the original Social Security Act except for parts 1, 2, 3, and 5 of Title V (which were administered by the Children's Bureau, then in the Department of Labor); part 4 of Title V which increased the appropriations authorized for carrying out the Act of June 2, 1920 and Title VI which authorized grants to the States for public health work.
The Social Security Board was transferred to the Federal Security Agency by Reorganization Plan No. 1 of 1939 and the Board's functions were to be carried on under the direction and supervision of the Federal Security Administrator. Reorganization Plan No. 2 of 1946 transferred the functions of the Children's Bureau and the functions of the Secretary of Labor under Title V of the Act to the Federal Security Administrator and the Board was abolished.
The Bureau of Employment Security, with its unemployment compensation and employment service function, was transferred from the Federal Security Agency to the Department of Labor by Reorganization Plan No. 2 of 1949.
The Department of Health, Education, and Welfare was established by Reorganization Plan No. 1 of 1953 with a Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare as the head of the Department. All functions of the Federal Security Agency, which was abolished, were transferred to the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. The functions of the Federal Security Administrator were transferred to the Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare.
The Department of Health, Education, and Welfare was redesignated the Department of Health and Human Services, and the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare was redesignated the Secretary of Health and Human Services by P.L. 96– 88, §509, approved October 17, 1979. The Department of Health and Human Services redesignation was effective May 4, 1980 (45 Federal Register 29642; May 5, 1980). The Department of Education which was established by P.L. 96-88 was activated May 4, 1980 (Executive Order 12212 of May 2, 1980; 45 Federal Register 29557; May 5, 1980).
The Social Security Administration was established as an independent agency, effective March 31, 1995, by P.L. 103-296, §101, approved August 15, 1994 with a Commissioner of Social Security responsible for the exercise of all powers and the discharge of all duties of the Administration.
Compilation of the Social Security Laws
This compilation is current through January 1, 1999. This compilation contains: Volume I
Table of Contents;
The Social Security Act, as in effect January 1, 1999;
Internal Revenue Code Selected Provisions; and
Index to the Social Security Act.
Table of Contents;
Other provisions of the Internal Revenue Code, provisions of public laws and statutes which are cited in the Social Security Act, and provisions of public laws which affect administration of the Act but do not amend it;
Appendixes containing other helpful information; and
Provisions of the Social Security Act which have been superseded.
Effect of Compilation
This Compilation of the Social Security Laws is not prima facie evidence of the provisions of the Social Security Act or other laws or statutes which are included, but has been prepared solely for convenient reference purposes.
Although they are not a part of the text of the law, citations have been included which will enable the reader to locate the same material in the United States Code (U.S.C.). These matching citations to the United States Code are shown within brackets after the public law section, for example:
Social Security Act
Sec. 201. [42 U.S.C. 401]
Both sections may be found in Title 42 of the United States Code, the first at section 401 and the second in the notes following section 1395b-1. "[None Assigned]" means the provisions are not in the United States Code, but can be found in the public law.