Trading with the Environment: Ecology, economics, institutions and policy

Front Cover
Routledge, 2013 M11 26 - 160 pages
Should there be firmer restrictions on trade, with more policies aimed at protecting its environmental impacts, or would the environment benefit most from unrestricted free trade? Do importing countries have a responsibility only to their local ecosystems, or are they also responsible for environmental degradation caused by the production of traded goods in exporting countries? Trading the Environment examines both the dependence and the effects of international trade on the earth's life support systems and looks at ways in which trading regulations could be adapted to promote ecologically sustainable economic development. It addresses the issues from a fully integrated approach, focusing on the interrelations between ecosystems, economic development and trade. The authors provide a carefully constructed ecological and economic analysis of trade and the environment, examine the existing legal and institutional frameworks and set out 16 recommendations to achieve environment beneficial trade at both national and international levels. Trading with the environment was originally commissioned by the Swedish government and is already regarded thereon essential reference. It makes an excellent introduction as well as constructive analysis, both for students and for policy-makers and professional economics and other scientists working on the issues. Published in 1995

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Contents

List of illustrations
Introduction Why tradeand the environment?
GATT panels on environmental issues
GATT and international environmental agreements
EU trade regulations and the environment
A new General System of Preferences Environmental protection andfreetrade areas Ground rules for ecologically sustainable trade
Ground rulesforsustainable development Conclusions and recommendations
Excerpts fromthe Rio Declaration Appendix 3 Excerpts from theGATT Appendix 4 Excerpts from the Treaty of Rome
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