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the Guardiano, already assembled in their forefathers—their pious forea the refectory, a large hall, wainscoted fathers erected, they permit to fall to and painted, dimly lighted by a lamp ruins before their eyes! Ah! they pendent in the centre. A sallad of are sad wretches, they are all misewild herbs, some eggs fried with rabili e carbonari and have no fear of cheese, some sweet bread, a little God in them-our cerca produces alricotta and a bottle of wine, light, most nothing, although we go for but clear and spirited, furnished our miles with the bisaccie di San Fransupper. After our frugal meal we cesco—Judas and not Jesus has passrepaired with the old Guardiano into ed this way! I have now been here the vast gloomy kitchen, where the several years (woe the while ! for I monks assembled round a large wood came from the flourishing and well fire; they were as romantic a look- supplied monastery of Castellamare) ing group as might be desired; with I have done what it has been possione or two exceptions, old, solemn, ble to do-the last Guardiano was a and taciturn. The Superior improv- ciuccio (i. e. an ass) and neglected the ed on acquaintance, and became very affairs of the community. Would you loquacious; among other things, he believe it! when I came here there spoke of two English artists who had were only three starved pigs and four resided six weeks or two months in fowls, the garden was only fertile in his monastery the preceding year; weeds, the cister was full of dirt, he had forgotten their names, but if and there was no pulley to the well: by chance these gentlemen meet with now I have increased the number this letter, they may learn with plea- of pigs from three to twelve, and the sure that the monks of Capaccio re- fowls from four to forty, I have laid tain a grateful remembrance of their by a stock of wine, have improved kind, amiable manners.
the garden and the cistern, bought We passed four days very agree- four brass candlesticks for the altar ably in this secluded spot; our food, to supply the place of those that had it is true, was not very choice, but been stolen, and I have done a great the fine mountain air and exercise many other things which will make made it savoury and softened our poor future Guardiani and monks mention hard beds; the conversation of the me with respect. Ah! they will say monks was ignorant and limited, but when I am dead and gone, Padre ingenuous and characteristic; the Onorato was the flower of Guardiani; residence was dilapidated and melan- he put things on a good footing, poor choly, but was thus so much the old man !-and yet Signori, would more romantic; and, besides, it was an you believe it, all the monks are not excellent point for those wild moun- satisfied with my administration, but tain excursions we are so fond of. that gives me little concern, as they Wecan form yolumes in our own minds are idle and ignorant, and I remeinof the numerous little incidents, ima- ber that even the Saviour of men ginings, and sentiments, that occurred could not please all men--that one to us in this short space, but as they among his disciples was even found would be difficult to express and to betray him." Oh love of fame! would have little interest to those how general thou art! through what who have not shared our situation, a variety of vistas dost thou entice we shall with all possible conciseness thy devotees ! thou charmest alike the relate only one or two of them. The conqueror of a nation, the author of monastery, we have said, is dilapi- a poem, and the breeder of pigs ! dated; it was once a well-built ex- The garden is a large piece of tensive edifice, sufficient for the com- ground exceedingly well cultivated, fortable residence of thirty or forty and solely laboured by the monks. monks; but it is now fast hastening This industry and the good effects it to its ruin : the stout oak doors are produces is owing to the poverty or falling from their hinges, most of the want of devotion in the neighbourwindows and lattices are broken, the hood; for the monks find it more roof in several places lets in water, agreeable to circulate the bisaccie di and many other symptoms of decay San Francesco, than to labour the are visible. “ You see,” said the earth ; and in more favoured regions, indignant Guardiano, “what dogs I where there is a little land attached have fallen among; the buildings to the monastery, it is always either let out or cultivated by hired hands. post) the Guardiano ordered a lay For our parts, we think it would be brother to tear up the weeds, that well if these mendicant orders had had grown thickly in front of the every where to struggle with the window, in order that the monks as same difficulties that exist here; the they passed, might kneel down, and monks would then be obliged to con- see the interior and say a prayer, tribute their share to the general which he warmly recommended them stock, and instead of living on the to do, “The thread of life is of a minbread extorted from poverty and su- gled yarn.” We had scarcely left this perstition, might support themselves spot, which, in us at least, had elicitby their honest, independent labour: ed serious and melancholy musings, tracts of uncultivated land (abund- than we met with a scene ludicrous ant in this kingdom) might be sub- in the extreme. One of the monks jected to the plough and the spade, had skulked into the garden after and more substantial benefits than dinner, and just as we turned a the chaunting of masses and the corner he was consoling himself with mumbling of prayers, might thus be the rare luxury of a few early figs. conferred on society.
The Guardiano no sooner descried As we were passing behind the this marauder than he cried out with church, in the garden, we stopped to à voice, stronger than we should look through a low barred window; ave thought his lungs capable of it gave us a view of the interior of a furnishing, to know what he meant; vault in which are deposited the re- the poor monk was unhappily deaf, mains of the monks who die in the and so could not profit by his Supemonastery. It is a small square rior's warning ; nay, though two chamber, with recesses or niches pro- young sturdy lay-brothers bawled jecting from the walls; opposite to out in concert, all their vocal efforts the window are four niches; from were thrown away, the poor offender three of these the bodies that once could hardly have heard thunder, occupied them have slipped down and having his back towards us, he in the course of decay, and now lie on was quite unconscious of being overthe floor ; but in the other, a monk looked, and continued eating and in his cowl and usual dress, remains pocketting in the greatest tranquillity. in a sitting posture reclining against At this spectacle the rage of the one side of the recess; his naked Guardiano vented itself in a shower legs stick out from his dress and seem of reproachful terms-muriuolo, birof an extraordinary length from their bone, ladro, assassino, &c. One of thinness, the flesh being shrivelled the lay brothers began to throw stones up to the bone ; on the tawnied face at the delinquent, but being too far is still a sort of expression--the to reach him, he ran towards him hands are closed as in prayer. The throwing stones and hallooing all the Guardiano assured us that that dead way ; even this was in vain, and the monk had been “ un excellentissimo fig-eater never stopped until the cuciniere,". (a most excellent cook), young man caught hold of his arm as and that they long lamented his loss. he was in the act of plucking the preOn the top of the niches, which form cious fruit, and cried out “ Nè questo a sort of shelf, lies another monk; he stai facendo stai rubando i fichi ? is stretched out and on his side, and (ah ! this is what you're about-you though dead a long time, is so well are stealing the figs). The poor sinpreserved as to look like one sleeping; ner, taken by surprise, was too much the floor is strewed with skulls, bones, confused to concert a reasonable exfragments of dress and some broken cuse, and took refuge in a downright wooden crosses - no disagreeable denial, answering as boldly as he smell announced the slow, but loath- could « che dicite! chi ha la toccato ! some decomposition going on within. (what do you say? who has touched As we were turning away from this them?) and though there were so “ narrow house” which the gay, many witnesses against him, and warm light of day streaming through though the figs were found in his the narrow grating, illumined in a sleeve, he barefaced it out, that he striking manner, an old monk said had not picked any, but that he had coolly “ Questo è Signori è la posta just found one or two on the ground, nostra ;” (this, gentlemen, is our and that when we saw him, he was
only taking away the worms from beamed up the hollow of the mounthe tree.
tains through the thick woods before One of our walks from Capaccio us; nothing was seen but a solitary was to Capo d'Acqua, the source of the wood-man hastening through the water, which, by means of an aque- glades, nothing heard but the twitter duct supplied the ancient Paestum ; of a few birds, the sheep bells, the it is about two miles from the monas- calls of a distant shepherd, or the tery, higher up the mountains and notes of a lonely zampogna far up the under the elevated little town of hills. Trentinara. - The water, which is We had heard of a little work on exceedingly good, rises from three the Paestan antiquities, written by a copious springs near each other; the certain Canonico Bamonte, a Canon cuniculus is in some parts covered of Capaccio, and the day before we with a coat of soil, but is always near left the monastery, we sent to purthe surface; it is very strongly built chase it of the author. We received, with hard stones and cement still with the book, an invitation from the harder; the channel for the water is reverend man of letters. When we about two feet wide and three deep, waited upon him, we found him to it straggled down the mountain, and be a pompous pedantic creature, with ran across the plain to Paestum (a a right foot of monstrous dimensions; distance of six miles) and entered the he was extremely civil, gave us some walls of that city by the side of the bad coffee, and some indifferent inSiren gate, where, as we have before- formation interlarded continually with mentioned, it is still traced for some questo poi ritroverete luminosadistance. The aqueduct has been mente esposto nella mia opera "broken in its course, and the water questo anche ho riportato nella mia now escapes and runs to waste in opera”—" pure questo ho indicato.” numerous directions; a very incon- He showed us a large collection of siderable expence of labour would ancient coins, medals, and other obrestore it; and, scanty as the popula- jects discovered at and near Paestion of Paestum and its neighbour- tum; part, or the whole of which, be hood now is, if those men had any would gladly sell to any collector. spirit they would do the work, for all We must in courtesy give a word of the water in the plain is disagreeably recommendation to his book-we brackish and unwholesome. It was promised as much, and indeed, silly near the close of day when we were as the greatest part of it is, it is at the “ rising of the waters,” the worth the traveller's 6 carlini, as it mild, lovely close of a glorious day ! contains sundry little notices of diswe sat there on the broken aqueduct, coveries, visits, &c. &c. not to be deeply enjoying our solitary situa- found in the usual guides or authors tion for some time; the last rays of who have written on Paestum, bethe sun, that seems more brilliant and sides a tolerable topographic plan. more warm when about to leave us, We left the Franciscans early one that
fine morning to prosecute our journey Vivida Soave
to Acropoli and Leucosia. Luce d' amore
ON THE DEATH OF A YOUNG GIRL.
Beauty and Virtue crown'd thee !
Thou’rt gone to thy grave
By the soft willow-wave,
Then why shoald we weep
When we see thee asleep
Modernized from the Poems of Alexander Montgomery, Author of the Cherrie and
O NATURE lavish'd on my love
Each charm and winning grace,
To look upon her face;
In which the lily springs,
That o'er her temples hings-
Like one grown to the ground;
Search all the world around.
When light comes on the streams;
With bright and amorous beams;
Unworthy of her foot;
Will evermore be mute;
And from her lips such sound-
Search all the world around.
Her vestal breast of ivorie,
Aneath the snowy lawn,
Too pure to look upon.
Seem violets dropt in milk,
Like threads of finest silk.
Her middle small and round,
THE LATE MAJOR-GENERAL MACQUARIE. Amongst the great and the good friends and acquaintances, and none who have lately been called from this more beloved or respected. Gen. Macworld of care and anxiety, we regret quarie was born in the island of Mull to have to record the name of Lauch- on the 31st of December, 1762,-was lan Macquarie, Esquire, of Jarvisfield, lineally descended from the ancient in the Island of Mull, a Major-gene- family of Macquarie, of Macquarie, ral in the army, and late Governor and nearly allied to the chief of that and Commander in Chief of His Ma- warlike and loyal clan. His mother jesty's colony of New South Wales was the sister of the late Murdoch and its dependencies. Few have Maclaine, of Lochbuy, than whose died more regretted by a large circleof a more ancient or distinguished fa. Ост. 1824.
mily does not exist in the Highlands nou in 1790, Cochin_in 1795, and of Scotland. At the early age of fis- Columbo in the island of Ceylon in teen (9th April, 1777) he was ap- 1796. In 1801 he accompanied Sir pointed an ensign in the late 84th, or David Baird and the Indian army to Royal Highland Emigraut regiment, Egypt with the distinguished rank raised in America by his relation, of Deputy Adjutant-General — was Sir Allan Maclean, and young as present at the capture of Alexandria, he was, he joined the corps im- and final expulsion of the French mediately on his appointment, and army from Egypt. In 1803 he observed with it in Nova Scotia, under tained leave of absence and came the command of Generals Lord Cla- to England, where he was immedirina, Francis Maclean, and John ately appointed to the home staff, Campbell, till 1781, when he got his and served as Assistant Adjutantlieutenancy in the late 71st regiment. General to Lord Harrington, who This regiment he joined in South commanded the London district. In Carolina, where he served under the 1805 he returned once more to India, orders of the late General, the Hon. where he continued for two years, Alexander Leslie, till 1782, when the and then came home overland. He 71st, with other regiments, being sent arrived in October 1807, and joined to Jamaica, he remained there till the 73d regiment, then quartered at the conclusion of the American war. Perth, in 1808. At the peace of 1783, the 71st regi- In 1809, when his regiment was or, ment was ordered home from the dered to New South Wales, Col. MacWest Indies, and finally disbanded quarie stood so high in the estimation at Perth in 1784.
of his King and of the Ministers, that Lieutenant Macquarie remained on he received the appointment of Gohalf-pay till. December 1787, when vernor in Chief in and over that cohe was appointed to the present 77th lony. He held this high office for a regiment, then raising, and of which, period of twelve years; and, whatever from his standing in the service, he may be said by those who envy what became the senior lieutenant. He they cannot imitate, and are at all accompanied his regiment to India times anxious to detract from the in the spring of 1788, and arrived at merits of their cotemporaries, posBombay in the month of August of terity will form a different estimate that year, where he was appointed of his character, and be able to apCaptain-Lieutenant in December; preciate the soundness of those mea. and for seventeen years he continued sures to which the colony owes its preto serve in the Presidency of Bom- sent prosperity, and upon which will bay, and in different parts of Hin- depend its future greatness. Indefadostan, under the respective com- tigable in business, and well qualified, mands of Marquis Cornwallis, Sir from his intimate knowledge of manWilliam Meadows, Sir Alured Clarke, kind, to judge of the character of Lord Harris, Sir Robert Aber- those with whom he came in contact: cromby, Lord Lake, James Balfour, he conducted the affairs of his goJames Stuart, and Oliver Nicolls.vernment with a prudence and steadiHaving purchased his company in ness which few, however gifted, will the 77th, he received the brevet rank ever equal, and none, we venture to of Major in May 1796, and the effec- affirm, can ever surpass. One of the tive Majority of the 86th regiment in maxims which he appears to have had March 1801, with the brevet rank constantly in his view was, to raise of Lieutenant-Colonel on the 9th of to something like respectability in the Norember of that year. In the year scale of society those who had expi1805 he got the Lieutenant-Colo- ated their crimes and follies by a life nelcy of the 73d, then a High- of good conduct and regularity in that land regiment. In 1810 the rank country to which they had been of Colonel in the army, and in transported, and thus, by the counte1813 was made a Major-General. nance and support which the wellHe was present at the first siege of behaved were sure to meet with, he Seringapatam in 1792, and at its stimulated others to follow their good capture in 1799. He was also dis- example; a .conduct much more tinguished at the captures of Carsa- likely to prove beneficial, than if the