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obtained complete success and no- managers before the Court of Chanthing remains to struggle for. They cery to avoid possession of the theaare likely, we understand, to be re- tre, and the concern once again all newed this year. But such perform- but at a stand! This is certainly ances to the east of Temple Bar are marvellous; but still to be reconciled rare things, and their support or ces- only by the enormous, extent of the sation hardly falls within the laws expences. Here then again the exwhich govern the other end of the cess is the cause of destruction. The metropolis. We may therefore look necessary deduction from these preto the Vocal and the British Concerts, mises seems to be, that the public and to the Subscription begun by exhibitions of the art have too far Messrs. Bellamy, Braham, Harris, preceded the general march of the Mori, and Welsh, and which did not public in the cultivation and desire even with all their combined interest of its enjoyment; in simple terms, that · reach 150 names, in illustration of the supply has exceeded the demand, this principle. The necessity for a or (for we must put the proposition: large expenditure made the sum for disjunctively) that the call upon the admission high. The public were public purse is too great. For nopampered, and the enormous number thing can be more clear, than thati f of benefit concerts, to which access these enjoyments are to be so freis more easy, and to which every quent, they must either constitute musical person feels it unavoidable the capital pursuit of the individuals to extend some share of patronage, attending them, or they must be remade subscription concerts of less sorted to by fresh and successive value If to these reasons be added audiences; which latter supposition the fact, that all others are thought implies that they must be cheap in inferior to the Philharmonic and the order to embrace the whole circle of Ancient, there is adequate cause to educated society. But, universal and account for their failure. Satiety on comprehensive as the study of music the one hand, and expense on the has become, it has not yet permeated other, have rendered the public at the English as it has the Italian and large far more indifferent than here- the German population, while the tofore to public exhibitions of music. habit of seeking our principal gratifi

The private cultivation of the cations in private rather than from science has also its effects. For public amusements (as is the case while we admit that nothing so much abroad) militates against the latter. disposes the mind to grand exhibi. There would appear then to be no tions of the art, as the knowledge alternative, but to render such enterand practice of its powers, yet the tainments cheap, and this presumes amateur enjoys it often and enjoys upon a total change in the present it most in private. The frequency of mode of conducting concerts. With concerts by professors in the houses such examples of loss as the Oratorios, of persons of rank and fashion tends the cheapest concerts in London, to blunt the desire for public music; have afforded, it is hardly to be and hence it may be observed that conjectured how the void is to be such persons rarely attend concerts, filled-for who will be hardy enough of which the middle classes are the to face the danger? chief patrons, and to them expence

The opera, too, presents a host of becomes an object of consideration. difficulties, but these will probably Solicited as they find themselves by be overcome, for the world of fashion the nightly benefits, it is not wonder- must have an opera. ful that Subscription Concerts find So much for the profit and loss inadequate support.

for the pecuniary, part of the transThe King's Theatre, it would ap- action. We shall now come to the pear, is in no less a state of embar. indications of the progress of the rassment, even though the subscrip- art itself. No season has, perhaps, tion and attendance have been be- ever added less to instrumental exyond any former precedent, and the cellence than the present. It is rereceipts, in short, as large as hope or markable rather for precocious taexpectation could warrant. Yet at lent than any thing else. Centrocie the end of the season we find some of and Labarre have carried execution the principal salaries unpaid, the upon the hautboy and harp a little farther than it has been heretofore learned of our Italian instructors to carried; and here we stop. Nothing be affected only by the more forceful in the way of composition has at- demonstrations of passion, or by the tracted attention, except the master, most touching voluptuousness, or by ly symphonies of Mr. Clementi. surprise. Through this principle we Rossini's promise failed; and from at once obtain a light which leads our own writers we have had nothing us to apprehend all the changes by to distinguish the last from former which singing is becoming rapidly years. At the Oratorios there was a vocal instrumentation.” Our English laudable. endeavour to bring back vocalists of the first class are not the taste of the public to standard less rapidly departing from English works, and not to shock the better manner, and sinking into mere imifeelings and the better judgment by tators; a change deeply to be laso vile a mixture of sacred and pro- mented, because, though we can only phane, of English and Italian, as judge of our deficiencies by comparhad heretofore been the practice. In ing ourselves with foreigners when the Concerts, however, the predomi- they attempt our style, yet it must nance of Italian is more than ever be sufficiently obvious that, by disconspicuous, while the conducting of carding our intrinsic qualities, we Rossini at private parties added to lose the strength with the originality, the weight of his name and the dif- and consent to take a secondary rank fusion of his compositions in a man- instead of pursuing the natural road ner unprecedented. It is avowed to our proper greatness. To these that he has netted not less than six general remarks we can only add that, thousand pounds by his engagements; in spite of the almost universal cultiand in many instances he has re- vation of the art, there are few or no ceived ten and twenty times the candidates of pre-eminent talent to amount paid to our native conduc- succeed the old and fast-fading fators, though it is admitted that he is vourites. The English theatres have distinguished by no peculiar excel- not produced a single individual; and lence. He makes, indeed, more use the two little Cawses and Mr. Phillips of the pianoforte and of the pedals (a base) are the only concert novelespecially, than we have been accus- ties of much promise. The costly tomed to hear; but as an accom- pupils of the Royal Academy have panist of judgment, he does not rank amongst them some rising instruabove, or even with, our best Eng- mentalists, but the singers put forth lish artists. Yet such is the power no extraordinary claims. of a name!

- What's in a name, The publications of this month are asks Juliet ?

A thousand English but few in number, and those few guineas a month," responds Rossini. are but of little importance. The

Madame Catalani has certainly only original piece is No. 14 of the fallen from her high estate,” while second series of Caledonian Airs, by the favor of Pasta, a comparatively Mr. Burrowes, and this has all the plain and expressive singer, has to a recommendations of smoothness, simcertain and limited extent, acted as a plicity, and melody. check upon the florid manner lately Mr. Crouch has published a third so entirely predominant. If, indeed, number of selections for the flute and any thing could stop the accession of violincello, containing an adagio and new parts (which constitutes the air with variations, by Gaensbacher, philosophical account of the intro

a composer but little known in this duction of this manner), it must be country. This specimen of his style the total destruction of expression, is florid and not ungraceful. The wrought by the custom of singing principal part is allotted to the vioairs with variations—almost as se- Jincello, and this is difficult, being vere a satire upon execution as the full of high and rapid passages. The practical exposition of Mr. Braham, other arrangements are a collection or rather of Mr. Sinclair--the pis of airs for the guitar, by Derwort; uller of injudicious and extravagant the second book of airs, from Semiembellishment. The fact is, that yo- ramide, by Bruguier, and Bochsa's cal art is now becoming altogether fourth introduction and march, ardramatic. The hearer desires to be ranged for the pianoforte by Latour. powerfully affected ; and we have Sept. 1824.

Y

FRANCE

SKETCH OF FOREIGN LITERATURE.

when he is informed that the temple The Drama.-Eudore and Cymo- of Vesta is burt. Hierocles has set docée, a tragedy, the subject of which it on fire, but the Christians are acis taken from the Martyrs of M. de cused of the crime, and their fate Chateaubriand, has been performed is irrevocably sealed. Cymodocée with entire success at the Theatre comes to die with them; every effort Français. The subject is briefly as to dissuade her is in vain; she refollows :—The Emperor Diocletian ceives the nuptial benediction, and, has given to Eudore, a Greek warrior with her husband and her new breand a hostage to the Romans, the thren, hastens to gather the palm of command of the legions ordered to martyrdom. The beauties of this repel the Gauls. He returns to remarkable production completely Rome victorious, to enjoy the honours cover the defects; among which may of a triumph. Hierocles, the Empe- be reckoned the nullity of the charor's favourite, who governs during racter of Diocletian, the insufficiency his absence, is the secret enemy and of that of Cymodocée, whose conrival of Eudore, and has caused his version is too sudden, and some want mistress Cymodocée, a virgin devoted of perspicuity in the details. Though to the worship of Homer, to be se- dramatic poets are allowed to take cretly carried off from the isle of Sa- great liberties with the truth of hismos. Eudore being informed by Cy- tory, the author has surely carried modocée herself of this act of perfidy, this licence too far in the following takes her under his own protection, lines, addressed by Eudore to Dioand Diocletian arriving, decrees that cletian. she shall remain under his care. The Vous ne souillerez pas du sang de vos sue young virgin sighs for the moment

jets, when she shall be united to her lover Votre gloire échappée aux embûches du at the altars of her Gods, when Eu

trône, dore confesses to her that he has Et ce manteau du sage illustré dans Salone. abandoned that false worship and

If this last line means any thing, embraced the Christian religion. it directly alludes to the abdication Using with his mistress the powers and retreat of Diocletian; yet he is of reason and affection, he persuades here on the throne, and must have her also to renounce her false divi- quitted Salone, to resume the impenities, to receive the nuptial hene. rial dignity, which it is notorious he diction at the altars of the Christians, never did." It is not a little singular who had hitherto been tolerated at that this tragedy should be the proRome. Meantime Hierocles is the duction of a man hitherto unknown most inveterate enemy of the Chrism in the literary world, and considertians, and so far succeeds in preju- ably past the meridian of life. His dicing the Emperor against them that name is Garry, lately at the head of he is ready to order their destruction: the college of Carassone, of which he deliberates, however, and permits office he has been deprived after Eudore to defend them. Without having filled it with honour for thirty owning that he is one of their bre- years. thren, he pleads their cause with The Oxford Student, a comedy ardour and success, and Diocletian in three acts, performed at the Odecommands that the oracle shall be on, has been very well received. consulted ; but the oracle pronounces It is by M. Wafflard, the author of against them, and the Christians are several agreeable and successful pecondemned. Eudore then declares tites pièces, who died in the flower himself a Christian ; his soldiers de- of his age.--Arthur de Bretagne, a sire to save him, and even offer to tragedy in five acts, by a M. Chauvet, place him on the throne. He rejects has been brought out with success their offers, persuades them to re- at the Odeon. The subject is from turn to their duty, and prepares to the history of John, King of Engdie with his brethren. Yet the Em- land, and his nephew Arthur. The peror is still inclined to show mercy, French critics say, that though it is and to revoke the barbarous order, impossible to deny that the piece

succeeded, it would not be easy to publications on Buonaparte, whence assign the reason of this success. it is inferred that the author, an old -A new comedy in five acts, and in man of 77, has had some assistance in verse, called Le Mari à bonnes For- the composition of his work. The tunes, is in rehearsal at the first book is quite republican, says a royalFrench theatre.-The Alcade de la ist critic, yet the effect is not bad; Vega, a comic opera in three acts, because, if the author defends thé is borrowed from a celebrated piece directorial government of the French of Calderon's, The Alcade de Za- republic, one and indivisible ; on the lamea.

other hand, he victoriously combats Poetry.—The only publication de- the usurpation of Buonaparte, his serving of particular notice is a new pretended election to the imperial Messenienne on Lord Byron, by M. throne, his violent and tyrannical goCasimir Delavigne.

vernment, his council of state, and History, Memoirs, and Biography. his servile tribunals. He does not -The study of history, as we lately declaim, but he proves; and his observed, has become quite the order proofs are the more persuasive, as of the day in France; and, besides he at the same time does justice to the extensive works of which we the genius and military talents of have spoken at length, numerous him whom he assails: and notwithminiature histories, in one or two standing the expression of his repubvolumes, are published; among the lican sentiments, he not only refrains latest that we have noticed are those from any seditious insinuation, but of Germany, of the United States of shows himself moderate, and even North America, and of Poland.—A favourable to the government of the history of the Campaign in Spain, king.-What we said last month of 1823, by Messrs. Hugo and Couché, the Memoirs announced as those of is intended as a continuation of the Condorcet on the Revolution, is conTrophies of the French Armies, infirmed by a letter published in the six volumes. This work will make French Journals, written by the fatwo volumes 8vo. to be published in mous Arthur O'Connor, son-in-law eight numbers; only two have yet of Condorcet, who declares that he appeared. — The first livraison of has examined the letters and manuPolitical Memoirs, towards the His- scripts from which these pretended tory of France under the Empire, Memoirs are stated to be taken. They contains vols. 1 and 2 of Memoirs re- consist, he says, of 29 notes and lative to the Campaign of 1809, by letters to Mr. and Mrs. Suard, which General Pelet.-M. C. Lacretelle has all together would not make above just given to the public two more 34 pages of the printed book. The volumes of his History of France, in- editor ascribes to Condorcet 167 cluding the Legislative Assembly, pages: of these, 45 pages are taken and the first two years of the Con- from the journals or printed works, vention. This division of M. La- so that, adding the 34 pages taken cretelle's labours will extend to the from the notes, there remain 88 pages, establishment of the Empire ; and it for which no authority, either printed is connected with the history of the or manuscript, is given. The verses eighteenth century, before published, ascribed to Condorcet are not in the

as to complete the picture of manuscript. Thus, on the foundathis memorable period, commenc- tion of 20 notes, forming scarcely 34 ing, with the regency, and termic pages, two volumes of 729 pages nating with the most terrible con- have been constructed. Even were vulsion that has shaken the founda- these two volumes extracted from the tions of society in modern times.- letters, the title of Memoirs would Two volumes have just issued from still be deception. the press, under the title of Memoirs Fine Arts.—The celebrated Voyage of Louis Jerome Gohier, president Pittoresque in Greece, by M. de of the Directory on the 18 of Bru- Choiseul-Gouffier, is at length commaire. This work is said to contain pleted in 3 vols. folio, by the publinew facts, though in no great number, cation of the 4th part. The price of and to be well written. These me- the whole is now 480 francs. Of the moirs continually refute the Memo- second edition of the Description of rial of Las Casas, and other late Egypt, Numbers 139 to 116 are pub

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lished together in one portfolio; an- modern French philosophy, and is other volume of the text is published most highly extolled by the French at the same time. This second edi- journals which advocate the same tion will undoubtedly be finished in cause, such as the Etoile, and the the time fixed, the Minister of the Quotidienne. We have seen the Interior having given the most posi- German edition, and have admired tive orders to complete the first or many eloquent passages; and we : splendid edition, which is to be en- here notice its appearance in French,

tirely published by the 1st of January, without giving any opinion of the 1825.--A translation of the whole of correctness of the author's system, Lanzi's History of Painting in Italy but recommending the perusal to is announced; it will be in 5 vols. those who are competent judges in Svo. of which two are published. such matters. A History of the Con

Novels.--The Orphan Girl, or Be- spiracy of General Mallet was ans neficence and Gratitude, 4 vols. 12.no. nounced for publication about the by the Countess of Flesselle. The middle of August; but we have not 4th volume contains, Christian, a

heard of its actual appearance. Vendean Tale. These two produc- Some suspicions, we understand, were tions are spoken of in high terms.- entertained that a deception on the The Hermits at Liberty, by Messrs. public was intended. Jouy and Jay, 2 vols. in 8vo.; only Theology.-M. Bonstetten has pubone is published, the second is pro- lished an interesting work on the mised for the 1st of September.

Nature of the Proofs of the Existence Natural History. - The 95th liv. of God. M. Bonstetten, by birth a raison of the Encyclopedie Metho- patrician of Berne, and formerly a dique, consists of vol. xi. part 1. of magistrate, is at present an adopted Medicine, vol. ix. part 2. of Natural citizen of Geneva ; he was the pupil History (Insects), vol. ii. part 1. and friend of Bonnet, the confidant of Vermes, containing the Zoophytes. and early companion of the illustrious The 5th volume of the Classical Dic- Müller, connected with all the celetionary of Natural History, by Messrs. brated men of the last half century, Bory de St. Vincent, de Candolle, and every way worthy to have his St. Hilaire, and other eminent natu- own name inscribed in that bonourralists, is published. The editors able list.-- The Holy Bible, translated have promised many facts, and few from the original texts, with the words, and they have kept their pro- Vulgate, by Eugene de Genoude, mise ; with at least a third part con- is now completed in 23 volumes, sisting of articles not contained in 8v0.-The first volume of M. B. preceding works of the kind, these Constant's work, On Religion, con5 volumes include vol. x. to vol. xv. sidered in its Source, its Forms, of the preceding dictionary.

and its Developements, has at Politics.-Under this head we men- length appeared; the remainder of tion, in a few words, the Independ- the work, it is stated, will be pubence of the Colonies, considered rela- lished without delay. It would not tively to the Interest and the Policy be candid to judge of such a work by of Europe, by Lieut.-Colonel de this first volume, which is, in truth, G***; the author is convinced that but a long preamble, in which each the subjection of St. Domingo would chapter is a distinct preface, the obbe attended with little difficulty.-A ject of which is to remove the difficulpamphlet under the title of Reflec- ties of an arduous subject, to smooth tions on the Reduction of Interest, the way, to prepare the minds of the and the state of Credit, by Jacques readers, to gain over different opiLafitte, excites great interest at this nions by giving some satisfaction to moment, both from the importance of the most opposite. Hence the author the subject and the name of the au- often modifies his own idea, and has thor.-Mr. Haller, whose name has always some qualifying phrase which become celebrated by his abandoning may serve before hand as an answer the Protestant religion to embrace to future objections. A writer who the Catholic faith, has now published is of the same party with the author, in French his work called the Resto- and is fully disposed to do him jusration of Political Science, vol. i. tice, complains that he is cold, and This work is directed against the logical, instead of being eloquent ;

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