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patches sewn within the covers of of King Charles II, restored Royston certain volumes which they were di- also to his post of the king's bookrected to dispose of to particular seller, and wealth and reputation individuals. So careful were Royston followed. In 1667, he was a warden and his friend Dr. Barwick, with of the Stationers' Company, master whom he acted, in the choice of in 1673 and 1674, in which latter their emissaries, that it is upon re- 'year he made a donation of five cord, that none of their messengers, pounds to the poor of the company. or of the letters entrusted to their His daughter Mary he married to care, ever fell into the hands of the Richard Chiswell, one of the original enemy. Royston was the first printer Directors of the Bank of England, of the EΙΚΩΝ ΒΑΣΙΛΙΚΗ, and it and a bookseller of great eminence is said, that he was so expeditious in St. Paul's Church-yard; of whom in preparing this celebrated volume it has been recorded, that the mere for publication, that although he imprint of his name on the title-page received the copy only on the twenty- was sufficient to recommend a work, third of December, 1648, the im- he never having been known to print pression was finished before the either a bad book, or on bad puper."S thirtieth of January following, the Royston died in 1686, at the very day on which his majesty suffered.* advanced age of 85 and upwards.

It can hardly be imagined, that a He was buried in Christ's Church, person of Royston's character and Farringdon-within, where a monuprinciples escaped molestation in the ment was erected to his memory.ll evil days that followed ; and accord- His widow survived him. ingly, in the privilege attached to the Of the Bunquet of leasts there have splendid edition of King Charles the been at least six editions. The seFirst's Works, printed in 1662,+ we cond and third we have never yet find mention not only of his “ fidelity met with, the fourth was in 1634, and loyalty," but of the great « with many additions,” if the titleJosses and troubles he hath sustained page may be believed; the fifth is for his faithfulness to our Royal Fa- dated 1636, and the sixth 1640. The ther of blessed memory, and ourself, printer ** of the fourth edition tells in the publishing of many messages us that it is much more refined than and papers of our said blessed fa- its predecessors. ther," &c. He appears, however, The coorser Cates that might the feast disto have weathered the storm, for grace during the Long Parliament, and Left out, and better serv'd up in their the whole of Oliver's usurpation, he place : continued at the Angel, in Ivy Lane, and he is very severe on all his predeand from time to time published the cessors, from whom, however, he works of some of our best and most scruples not to borrow as occasion orthodox divines. The Restoration


* Dugdale's Short View of the late Troubles in England. Lond. 1681, folio, p. 381.

+ In folio : it was collected and prepared for the press by Fulman, edited by Dr. Perrinchief, and dedicated by Royston to Charles the Second.

# An instance occurs in the Journals of the House of Commons, 16th June, 1643. “ Resolved, That Royston the Printer be forthwith sent for, as a Delinquent, for printing a Book, intituled, “ His Majesty's Declaration to all his loving Subjects ; in Answer to a Declaration of the Lords and Commons, upon the late Proceedings of the late Treaty of Peace.” § Dunton's Life and Errors, edited by Nichols. Lond. 1818. Vol. i. p. 204.

Stowe's Survey of London, by Strype. Lond. 1720, folio. Book iï. p. 138. ** In addition to a metrical address from the printer, Royston himself, as stationer, has a few lines in prose, to point out the merits of the new edition to his courteous readers : “ You shall receive it not onely purged from many grosse faults formerly escaped in the presse, but refined and cleansed from all such course passages as were inserted and exposed to your view without his consent who first collected them ; in recompence of which, for every one subtracted, you shall finde here more than ten added, never till now published, and in this kinde made common. The restraint of that liberty of which hee before complained, is now redeemed, as shall appeare by the new collections here inserted. May his care and my cost breed thee in their perusali as much pleasure as I wish unto my selfe profit. Vale.

R. R."

Pasquels conceits are poorc, and Scoge And in this book doth to his friends comgins' * drie,

Skelton's meere rime, once read, but now His jeers, taunts, tales, which no man can
laid by.

Peele's | Iests are old, and Turleton's I are
growne stale.

But this was a mere device to help These neither barke, nor bite, nor scratch, off the impression, Archee having in nor raile.

truth nothing to do with the publiBanquets were made for laughter, not for cation thus fathered on him.|| There teares,

can hardly be a stronger proof of his Such are these sportive Taunts, Tales, innocence, than that the address to Jests, and Jeeres.

the reader professing, in this edition In order to make the fifth edition of 1636, to be by “the King's Jes(that of 1636) more vendible, a print ter,” is not only the same which in of Archee the King's jester was pre- all preceding editions is signed ano fixed, under which are the following nymos, but actually has this identical lines :

signature still appended, it being Archee, by kings and princes grac'd of late, an appellation which the person Jested himself into a fair estate,

who superintended the press may

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p. 241.

* London Magazine, June 1823, p. 621.
+ Ibid. July 1824, p. 61.
# Ibid. May 1824, p. 517.
& Granger's Biographical History of England, 5th Ed. Lond. 1824. 8vo. vol. iii.

|| Archibald Armstrong was born at Arthuret in Cumberland, and became jester to King James I, who was accustomed to allow him his fool's prerogative of saying sharp truths with impunity. When Prince Charles took that unaccountable journey into Spain, the king being in one of his pensive moods, Archee addressed him with a request, that his Majesty would change caps with him. Why ? says the king. Why, who (replied Archee) sent the Prince into Spain ? But what (answered the king) wilt thou say when the Prince comes back again ? Mary, said Archee, I will then take my cap from thy head, and send it to the King of Spain. Archee continued in his post on the accession of Charles I, but lost it in 1637, in consequence of reviling Archbishop Laud at a tavern, and attacking him in person as he was going to the council table. Mr. Garrard writes to Lord Strafford, “ Archy is fallen into a great misfortune, a fool he would be, but a foul mouth'd knave he hath proved himself: being at a tavern in Westminster, drunk, as he saith himself, he was speaking of the Scotish business, he fell a railing on my Lord of Canterbury, said he was a monk, a rogue, and a traitor. Of this his Grace complained at council, the king being present; it was ordered he should be carried to the porter's lodge, his coat pulled over his ears, and kicked out of the court, never to enter within the gates, and to be called into the star chamber. The first part is done, but my Lord of Canterbury hath interceded to the king, that there it should end. There is a new fool in his place, Muckle John, but he will ne'er be so rich, for he cannot abide money." The Scotish business was the introcluction of the Liturgy into that kingdom, which occasioned great tumults. At Edinburgh the dean, who was the first person who attempted to read it, had a stool thrown at his head, which Archee very aptly called the stool of repentance. It seems surprising that a man of Archbishop Laud's exalted rank and powerful understanding should have deemed it necessary or prudent to punish one so beneath his notice ; but the most sensible persons can ill

' bear to be laughed at, and our jester lost no opportunity of turning the prelate into ridicule. When the archbishop was dining at the royal table, a great number of the nobility being present, Archee begged permission to say grace, which being granted, he very gravely cried out:

“ Great praise be given to God, and little Laud to the devil." Rushworth has preserved the instrument by which the king, in council, banishes Armstrong from the court, and deprives him of his office, and adds that as the archbishop was going to the council table, the jester accosted him with “ Whea's feule now ? Doth net your grace hear the news from Striveling about the Liturgy ?" An address which probably did not tend to soften matters. Archee had made a considerable fortune during his residence at court, and on his disgrace retired into Cumberland. In 1646 he married Sybella Bell, and his barial is recorded in the parish register of Arthuret as having taken place April 1, 1672. See Rapin's History of England, vol. ii. p. 226 - Rushworth's Historical Collections, part ii. pp. 470, 471.–Strafford's Letters and Dispatches, by Knowler, vol. ii. p. 154.- Lysons' Magna Britannia in Cumberland, p. 13.- Wel. wood's Memoirs, pp. 53, 238.

age, but

be presumed not to have under- ter, being a gentleman, to kisse the Pope's stood. *

foote, I feare what part they will make me The following extracts are taken kisse, being but his serving man. from the first edition.

A Scholler on Horse-back. (23.) Of a Country Man and a Constable. (I.)

A scholler, an vnskilful rider, being to A simple country-man hauing terme bu« passe through a riuer, offred to water his sines in London, and being somewhat late horse before hee rid him in so deepe as to abroad in the night, was staid by a consta

the foote-locke, his friend that was with ble, and somewhat hashly entreated. The him, fearing he would founder him, cald poore man obseruing how imperiously he vpon him to ride in deeper, the other not commanded him, demanded of him what well ynderstanding his meaning, sayd to hee was ? to whom he replyed, “ I am the his friend ; “ First stay till he hath drunke constable, and this is my watch.” “ And off all this, and then I will ride him in I pray, you, sir, for whom watch you ?” farther, where hee may haue his belly saith the man. “ Marry (answered the

full." constable), I watch for the king."

« For

One that eate of a Beare. (31.) the king ?” replyes he againe simply,

A woman hauing eaten of the right side “ then I beseech you, sir, that I may passe of a beare, which some say makes good quietly and peaceably by you to my venison, tooke a conceit, that she had an lodging, for I can bring you a certificate exceeding great rumbling and rowling in from some of my neighbours who are now

her belly, and for remedy sends to aske in towne, that I am no such man.

advise of the doctour, who perswaded her A Young Heire. (14.)

to knock a mastiffe dog in the head, and A young heire not yet come to

eat so much of him, and so no doubt but desirous to bee suited with other gallants, the flesh of him would worry the beare in and to bee furnisht with money and com

her belly. modities to the purpose, the creditor de- A young Master of Arts. (44.) manded his bond; hee granted it condition- A young master of art the very next ally, that his father should not know of it, day after the commencement, hauing his therefore wisht it to bee done very priuately. course to common place in the chappell, Vpon this promise all things were conclud. where were diuers that the day before had ed, and the time came when he should took their degree, tooke his text out of the seale it. But when hee beganne to read in eighth chapter of lob, the words were the beginning of the bond nouerint vni. these ; “We are but of yesterday, and nersiBee it knowne unto all men-he know nothing." This text (saith he) doth cast away the bond, and absolutely refused fitly diuide it selfe into two branches, our to seale it, saying, “ if it be knowne vnto standing, and our understanding ; our all men, how can it possibly bee, but it standing in these words, wee are but of must come to my father's eare ?

yesterday, our ynderstanding, we knowo One trauelling to Rome. (22.) nuthing. A gentleman of England trauelling with

Two Schollers. (47.) his man to Rome, desirous to see all fa. Two schollers of one colledge in the vnishions, but especially such rarities as were uersitie, the one called Paine, the other there to be seene, was, by the mediation of Culpepper, were both in fault, but Paine some friends there resident, admitted into in the lesse, the other in the greater : but the Pope's presence; to whom his holinesse when the fault came to be censured, the offered his foote to kisse, which the gentle. fault was not lesse then expelling the colman did with great submis and reue- ledge: but Culpepper, thegreater delinquent,

This his man seeing, and not be- yet finding more friends, had his sentence fore acquanted with the like ceremony, tooke off, and liberty to remaine still in presently makes what speed he can to get the house, but the other suffered for exout of the presence; which some of the ample. A master of art of another house wayters espying, and suspecting his hast, comming to visit a friend of his that was stayd him, and demanded the cause of his of the colledge where this was done, so suddaine speed; but the more they im. amõgst other discourse, askt what became portune him, the more he prest to be gone: of the businesse betweene the two schollers, but being further vrged, he made this short hee told him in briefe, how Paine that was answer-truely, saith he, this is the cause in the least fault was punisht, and Culof my feare, that if they compell my mas- pepper in the greater pardoned; who in


* This edition ascribed to Archee has a different title from the preceding. “A Banqvet of Jests, or a Collection of Court, Camp, Colledge, Citie, Country Jests. In two books.” It is also printed for Royston, as is the sixth, which professes to be “ much enlarged for the delight of the reader.” Mr. Granger mentions another so late as 1660, with Armstrong's portrait prefixed. Never having seen it, we are unable to say whether the Jester has a better title to this than to the preceding.


stantly replyed, Nay, then I thinke Ovid answere, if all men would make that vse did prophecie of this when hee said, of it that I doe, it would seeme as parPæna perire potest, culpa perennis erit.* donable, as I shal make it appeare exWishers and Woulders. (80).

cusable in me. For my own part, I neuer One desiring a scholler to turne the old see an ace, but I apprehend that vnity ancient English prouerbe into Latine,

which ought to bee betwixt man and wife. Wishers and woulders

If a duce, the loue which should bee beWere neuer good househoulders : twixt neighbours. If a tra, if two of my That I will presently, saith the scholler, parishioners bee at ods, how needfull á thus :

thing it is for a third person to reconcile Oh si! oh si!

them, and make them friends ; and so of Otiosi.

the rest. Nor doe I tooke vpon a king, A Welch Reader. (116.)

but presently I apprehend the alleageance A Welchman reading the chapter of the due to my prince and soueraigne. Nor on genealogie, where Abraham begat Isaac,

a queene, but I remember her sacred maand Isaac begat Jacob, ere he came to the iesty, and the reuerence belonging to her midst hee found the names so difficult, that

Nor doe I cast mine eye vpon a he broke off in these words and so they knaue but he puts me in minde either of begat one another till they came to the end you, master justice, or you, master offiof the chapter."

ciall, or of some other of my good friends.

The iustice and officiall were answerd, and Of Card Playing. (150.)

the plaine honest parson, for his iest sake, A parson in the country liveing amõg both applauded and excused. his parishioners and neighbors wel, would sometimes, at his retired hours for his In the 259th jest, mention is made recreatio, play at cards amongst them, for of Stratford-upon-Avon, and it is no which he was much enuied of a puritane slight testimony of the esteem in iustice, and the official of the diocese. which Shakspeare was held by his These meeting on a market day amongst contemporaries, and the age immethe chiefe men of the countrey where the diately succeeding them, to find it parson was there present, his two aduer- recorded in our little book of pleasant saries began in the ordinary openly to re- taunts and merry tales, as

a town proue him at the lable for prophane card most remarkable for the birth of famous playing, not fitting his calling. Who hearing them with some impatience, and

William Shakespeare.” Much has been the rest attending how he could acquit

written on the proper mode of himselfe, he thus began : Right worship spelling the poet's name, and it may full and the rest of my friends, I am here be allowable to remark, that in the charged by master iustice and master offi- edition of 1640 this is corrected, or ciall to be a common card-player, to which I altered to Shakspeere.

* Epist. ex Ponto, lib. i. ep. 1. lin. 64. The true reading however is

Pæna potest demi, .culpa perennis eritwhich would be equally applicable.


“ Heu quanto minus est, cum reliquis versari
Quam tui meminisse !"-Every body's quotation.
Lights! Within there! Lights !"-Othello.

Well! Vauxhall is a wondrous scene !
Where Cits, in silks, admirers glean

Under innumerous lamps-
Not safety-lamps, by Humphry made;
By these full many a soul's betray'd
To ruin by the damps !

Here nut-brown trees, instead of green,
With oily trunks and branches lean,
Cling to nine yellow leaves ;


Sept. 1824.

Like aged misers that all day
Hang o'er their gold, and their decay,
”Till Death of both bereaves !

The sanded walk beneath the roof
Is dry for every dainty hoof,

And here the wise man stops ;
But Beaux beneath the sallow clumps
Stand in the water with their pumps,
And catch the oiled drops.

Tinkles the bell !-away the herd
Of revellers rush, like buck or bird ;

Each doth his way unravel
To where the dingy Drama holds
Her sombre reign, ʼmid rain and colds,
And tip-toes, and wet gravel.

The boxes shew a weary set,
Who like to get serenely wet,

Within, and not without;
There Goldsmith's widow you may see
Rocking a fat and frantic knee
At all the passing rout!

Yes! There she is !—There,-to the life !
And Mr. Tibbs, and Tibbs's wife,

And the good man in black.
Belles run, for oh! the bell is ringing;
But Mrs. Tibbs is calmly singing,
And sings till all come back!

7. By that high dome, that trembling glows With lamps, cock'd hats, and shivering bows,

How many hearts are shook !
A feather'd chorister is there,
Warbling some tender grove-like air,
Compos'd by Mr. Hook.

And Dignum too !-yet where is he?
Shakes he no more his locks at me?

Charms be no more night's ear?
He who bless'd breakfast, dinner, rout,
With “ linked sweetness long drawn out;'
Why is not Dignum here?

Oh, Mr. Bish-oh, Mr. Bish!
It is enough, by Heaven ! to dish

Thy garden dinners at ten!
What hast thou done with Mr. D. ?
What's thy “ Wine Company,” thy “ Tea,”
Without that man of men ?

Yet! blessed are thy suppers given
(For money) something past eleven;

Lilliput chickens boisd;
Bucellas, warm from Vauxhall ice,
And hams, that flit in airy slice,

And salads scarcely soild.

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