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ment-revenue system, &c. &c. are against the policy of the auxiliary adverted to, at some length, and cer- expedition. Some dispatches have tainly the entire paper evinces that arrived from Mr. Harvey, the Comthe rulers of Colombia are as indefa- missioner deputed from our governtigable as could be wished in encou- ment to Mexico, in order to ascertain raging and aiding the spirit of the the political situation and sentiments people. The most important, and by of that country. Those dispatches far the most desirable object alluded have not been officially published, to, however, is a projected confede- but rumours of their contents have racy of Colombia, Chili, Peru, Mex- got abroad which we hope may be ico, and Buenos Ayres, in support of found correct. It is said that there their mutual independence; on the is not now, and has not for some time anticipation of this, the message been, a single Spanish soldier in that dwells with some confidence. Un- province, and that such measures fortunately, however, our subsequent have been taken as are likely to enaccounts do not seem by any means sure the public tranquillity. The deto justify such sanguine expectations signs of Iturbide seem to have been on the part of the Colombian Vice- fully anticipated—the moment intelpresident. On the contrary, Bolivar ligence arrived of his departure from and his patriotic contingent have be- Italy his pension was stopped, and come the objects of serious jealousy General Bravo was nominated suin Peru, and this has risen to such a preme director, in order to counterheight that even their late President act the intrigues which this man's Torre Tagles has gone over to the treacherous ambition had fomented. royalist party. The fortress of Cal. In the same ship which brought Mr. lao had been betrayed into the hands Harvey's dispatches, Don Jose Maof the Spaniards, and Lima was riano Michelena, the new confidenagain in their possession. Bolivar tial agent to this country came a paspublished a proclamation deploring senger. these events, conciliating as well as There is no news from Spain of he could the domestic faction whose any interest-none certainly of any jealousy had been excited, and de- novelty. Ferdinand every now and claring his determination to resign then retires to his country palace to his power on the defeat of their mu- meditate, no doubt, on the blessings tual enemies. There can be no doubt he bestows upon his people, and the that he will do all that talent, intre- glorious figure his reign will cut pidity, and zeal can perform ; and in history. He is generally accomjust as little that he will not be panied in these excursions by the tempted to convert the credulity of most intolerant of his ministers, and those who trust him into any instru- his return to Madrid is marked by ment of " low ambition.” His whole the promulgation of some fresh delife stands directly opposed to any cree more odious than its predecessuch suspicion. Upon the whole, the sor. patriotic cause has much to contend The Pope, who, since his election, with in Peru—it is considered the has remained in a very infirm state most royal and Spanish of all the of health, appears at last to have beprovinces, and seems at present alive, come at least convalescent; and as a not so much to its oppressions as tó proof of his returning energy, has those little selfish and envious feels issued what he calls an encyclic episings which would resist even its de- tle, which must prove highly refreshliverance at the hands of a stranger. ing to the soul of every true believer. Bolivar, however, is not of a temper. He indignantly dwells upon the diffuament to be easily discouraged, and sion of liberal theological opinions, unaided as he seems by the people denounces their authors, and benevoto whose rescue he comes, he has lently calls upon the Almighty to with him a Colombian force which is crush them. The Bible Societies and considered more than adequate to the distributors of the sacred text the occasion. We must not omit to without note or comment are also add, that as far as their journals can piously anathematized—indeed the be credited (in a free country no holy fervour of this Christian epistle mean authorities), there seems to be most clearly proves that the Almighty a strong feeling in Colombia itself would not be called in to annihilate

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the enemies of Peter's pence if the force at all events, as the population Pope's earthly arm was strong enough of the Birman empire is estimated at to do so; fortunately, however, as a seventeen millions. temporal power he is become con- We are very sorry to have to antemptible, and we hope the day is nounce an event which partakes not far distant when the diffusion of somewhat both of a foreign and doliterature and Christianity will equal- mestic character; the death of the ly enfeeble the blasphemy of his ex- King and Queen of the Sandwich communications. It is a singular Islands. These strangers, with a fact, that at the very period of this considerable suite, had lately arrived epistle's publication, a military order in London for the purpose, it was appeared from the Horse Guards dis- said, of some personal disclosure approving of the Bible distribution from his Sandwich Majesty to our as now carried on throughout the King-this disclosure unfortunately army! No doubt the Royal Com- never took place, as the interview mander-in-Chief was to a certain de- was protracted until this fatal illness gree right; there is a great deal of rendered it impossible, and the royal juggle and hypocrisy going forward visitor refused to make the communiupon this subject; but still the strange cation even to Mr. Canning, who coincidence of these publications, personally entertained their Majescoupled with the Duke of York's ties, and paid them an attention known anti-papal prejudices, caused which did him credit. The complaint a considerable sensation, and origin- with which they and all their attendated not a little merriment. The ants were seized was the measles, consequence has been a modification unknown, it seems, in their islands. of the order.

The Queen was the first victim, and The last intelligence from India in- in few days after she was followed forins us of the commencement of a by the King, whose anxiety and dewar in that country. Our accounts pression at her death, say the physisay that the King of Ava, who go- cians, aggravated all the symptoms verns what is called the Birman em- of his disease. It is remarkable with pire, had lately manifested a very what firmness they both died, being, hostile disposition, and in one in- it appears, perfectly conscious of stance had even destroyed a post of their fate, and declaring their perfect British Seapoys. The consequence resignation. When the Queen died, of this has been a declaration of war the King asked of his attendants on our part, and a trifling action is whether they had seen her entombed; stated to have already taken place. and on being informed they had, he Such is all the information which we said he was happy, and hoped that have been able to collect upon this he should soon be with her, directing, subject, and all we are likely to col- in such event, that their bodies lect, unless the publication of more should be conveyed, as soon as posshould suit the good will and plea- sible, to his dominions. His Masure of the India censors. Our read- jesty, as did also the Queen, lay in ers need not be informed, particularly state for a day or two after their since the deportation of Messrs. Buck- death-the bodies were carefully emingham and Arnot, of the severe su- balmed, and deposited in leaden cofperintendance which is exercised over fins in the vaults of St. Martin's the Indian Press, and of course with church. The decoration of the rooms what caution all its representations, in which the bodies lay is represented where the government is concerned, as very imposing-it was performed ought to be received. All the ques- after the manner of their country. tions of war and peace in that distant The floor was strewed with rose possession have been weighed, we leaves, and the war cloaks hung strongly suspect, rather in the scales around the coffin ; on the lid of the of policy than those of justice, and King's coffin was placed his magni. on the present occasion we have but ficent sabre, which was entirely of little chance of perusing, in any gold, and beautifully ornamented. Bengal Gazette, the counter state- Intelligence of this event was immement of the King of Ava. Let us diately dispatched to the Prime Mikope we have principle to support nister of the Sandwich Isles, who, us-it certainly bchoves us to have it seems, was jocularly called by the King, Mr. Pitt. It is supposed that ence of the republic, in consideration the vessel will take five months in of her receiving in return certain her voyage. The rest of the suite, commercial advantages: a rumour together with the remains of their much more probable than that of an Majesties, are to follow as soon as invasion. possible. This event has caused a A curious piece of intelligence has very melancholy sensation, not only come by accident to our knowledge among the royal attendants, but within the last week. Many of our throughout the whole metropolis. readers are not perhaps aware that Even independent of the correct de- the original will of Napoleon is in portment exhibited by these people, the hands of a proctor, in Doctor's the first of their race who visited us, Commons; deposited there, as we their decease in a strange land, under have been given to understand, by such circumstances, is calculated to Count Montholon, one of the exeexcite a very sorrowful interest. cutors and a principal legatee. This They had all the care and attention document, bequeathing immense prowhich medical skill and private kind- perty, has been the subject of conness could administer to them. They siderable litigation in the French had, it seems, before their arrival, Courts, and there have been even been converted to Christianity; and some crowned opponents on the subthe Sandwich Islands have reason to ject. The actual instrument itself, lament the loss of many improve- however, has never yet come before ments which the sagacity of their the public; the various discussions King, who was very observant, having arisen merely upon extracts. would no doubt have introduced Indeed the will itself is of such a naamongst his subjects.

ture that it cannot fail to prove exThe accounts from the West In- tremely disagreeable to more governdies describe the islands as in a statements than the French. It is written of great danger and confusion. The with great art, though with great black population are extremely rest- asperity, and is throughout highly less, and the whites proportionably characteristic of its author. It is a irritable and vindictive. The Deme- remarkable fact, that in its very first rara papers are filled with discontent sentence Napoleon calls the Governat the pardon extended to Mr. Smith, ment of England an oligarchy. His the missionary, but find some conso- phrases, seldom flung out at chance, lation in his Majesty's proclamation, are seldom without a very appropriate that no emancipation of the slaves is meaning ; the same sentence also sets in the royal contemplation. On the the question between Mr. O'Meara arrival of this document, two slaves and Sir Hudson Lowe completely at were selected from every gang to rest, but in whose favour it is not for hear the gracious declaration read, us to offer an opinion. The bequests and convey its philanthropic intelli- are, some of them, likely to excite gence to their fellows. We stated recollections in the French army by some time since the plan proposed by no means palatable to the present Mr. Canning, in parliament, for the reigning family; and indeed gradual amelioration of these coun- should say that the entire document tries. The plan, however, seems to is likely, if now promulgated, to have given very little satisfaction in prove very injurious to their interest. the places where it was intended to The strange fact however is, that operate, and in Trinidad the white Count Montholon dispatched a speinhabitants have drawn up and voted cial courier to the proctor, last week, a strong memorial against it. Some directing him instantly to prove the important change seems to be in pro- will,—a step which must ensure its gress with respect to the black re- extensive publication. Montholon is public of Hayti; but its object does living in Paris, under the very eye of not at present fully develope itself. the French Government; a GoverIn St. Domingo the fear of a French ment so timid with respect to publiinvasion predominates, but with little cations, that some very harmless apparent' reason. Haytian envoys English journals are prohibited by are represented as having arrived in them. We have, however, no hesitaParis ; and it is asserted that France tion in saying that this document, if is about to recognise the independ- it comes under the cye of the army,

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will prove more dangerous than the cabinet minister present ; he wore the whole British Press taken together. Windsor uniform. The Speaker then adA caveat has been entered for the dressed the King in a speech containing an present, which, however, cannot be outline of the labours of the session. He sustained, though it may delay the presented a Bill of Supply and other bills,

which received the royal assent ; after grant of the probate, and of course

which. His Majesty delivered the following the publication for a short time.

speech :Parliament has been prorogued after

My Lords and Gentlemen, a session of very little interest, by a “ I cannot close this Session of Parliaspeech which contained, if possible, ment without returning to you my warmest still less. There was very little acknowledgments for the diligence and business for the two or three nights assiduity with which you have applied immediately preceding the proroga- yourselves to the several objects, of public tion. Sir Jaines Macintosh, on pre- consideration. I deeply regret the painful

interest that have been submitted to your senting a petition from some merchants at Manchester praying for the necessity under which you have found speedy recognition of South American yourselves, of renewing for a further peindependence, took occasion to allude in Ireland. I entirely approve of the in

riod, measures of extraordinary precaution in terms of strong panegyric to Lord quiries which you have thought proper to Cochrane, and those late exploits institute as to the nature and extent of the which must increase the general re- evils unhappily existing in the disturbed gret that a name so honourable to districts of that country, and I have no the British nation was not still en- doubt that you will see the expediency of rolled in the British Navy. Indeed, pursuing your inquiries in another session. we believe, that there is now but one

I continue to receive from all Foreign opinion as to the severity exercised Powers the strongest assurances of their towards this most gallant officer. We friendly disposition towards this country, are glad to observe, by a motion of invariably directed to the maintenance of a

and you may rely on my endeavours being Mr. Herries, that it is in contempla- general peace and to the protection of the tion immediately to concentrate and interests and extension of the commerce of simplify the Excise and Custom laws. my subjects. This is an amendment much wanted.

“Gentlemen of the House of Commons, These laws, which now run into two “ I thank you for the supplies which or three hundred enactments, are to you have provided for the service of the be comprised in four or five separate present year, and especially for the grants bills. Our whole civil and criminal which you have so liberally made in furcode requires a similar concentration. therance of the interests of religion, and in At présent few eyes can read, few support of the splendour of the Crown. I memories retain, and few understand

am fully sensible of the advantages which ings comprehend it. Some discussion may be expected to arise from the relief took place upon the conduct of the you have afforded to some of the most imSurrey Magistrates, and the atrocious portant branches of the national industry. treatment to which Mr. O'Callaghan

“My Lords and Gentlemen, had been subjected in the Surrey peating to you my congratulations upon

“I have the greatest satisfaction in reprison. This case has excited a great the general and increasing prosperity of sensation throughout the country. the country. I am persuaded that you Mr. O'Callaghan's imprisonment has will carry with you into your respective expired, and on his leaving the prison counties the same spirit of harmony which he was loudly and repeatedly cheered has distinguished your deliberations during by the populace. The following is the present session; and that you will cul. the account given of the prorogation tivate among all classes of my subjects of parliament.

those feelings of content and attachment to

the Constitution, upon the continuance and The Lord Chancellor took his scat on diffusion of which, under Providence, the woolsack at one o'clock, at which time mainly depends, not only individual hapthe body of the House was completely piness, but the high station which this filled with clegantly dressed ladies. At half kingdom holds among the nations of the past two o'clock, His Majesty, accompanied world." by the great officers of state, entered the The Lord Chancellor then said, House, and seated himself on the throne, "My Lords and Gentlemen, — It is his crowned. In a few minutes the Speaker Majesty's royal will and pleasure, that this appearcd at the bar, accompanied by about Parliament bc prorogued to Tuesday the fifty members. Mr. Canning was the only 24th day of August next, to be then here

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AGRICULTURE.

holden ; and this Parliament is accordingly The remains of Lord Byron have prorogued to Tuesday the 24th day of been deposited in the family vault at August next.”

Hucknell, in Nottinghamshire. Every The Commons then retired, and his respect was paid to the procession in Majesty departed.

the different towns through which it Our readers will perceive by this, passed. that the King prorogued parliament A grand plan for erecting a quay in person. He was well received by and colonnade, along the north bank the people, but looked pale and of the Thames, has been laid before walked infirmly. On passing through a public meeting by Colonel Trench, the painted chamber he leaned upon its projector, and very favourably rethe arm of Lord Gwydyr.

ceived. The negociation for the

loan A new commissioner has been ap- of 150,000l. for the removal of Fleet pointed under the new Insolvent Act, Market is closed. Sir C. Flower has and three out of the four commis- taken it. sioners are to make three circuits There is no news from Ireland exevery year. Each of these circuits cept the usual average of murders is calculated at 800 miles, so that and conflagrations. Accounts from each commissioner must travel yearly Galway state, that the peasantry are 2400 miles! Can these gentlemen be starving, and the merchants busy in said to belong to a sedentary pro- exporting great quantities of provifession?

sions. What a perfect specimen of Within the last month, a very un- the whole system by which that usual number of crim.con. cases have country is regulated ! been tried, and some of them of a July 25. very aggravated nature. We are informed that there are now forty-four new churches and chapels building Since our last report great alteration has around the metropolis.

taken place in the crops in general. The Having in a former number alluded wheat now promises almost in every county to a publication grossly impugning throughout the kingdom to be extremely Doctor Warburton's madhouse, it is productive, and if the weather proves proonly due to that gentleman to say, pitious and harvesting, the crop will be at that he brought an action against least an average one. Throughout all the the libeller (one Benbow), who did reports from the different counties, we do not even attempt a defence; 500l. doubtfully of the wheat. The barleys are

not perceive a single one which speaks damages were given : Benbow, it not however so good, but the crop will be seems, is a prisoner in the King's

very fair, considering the cold in the early Bench for debt.

part of the season. The young clovers are A most extraordinary case was growing very strong and fast among the tried last sessions at the Old Bailey. barley, which generally causes the harvest A young gentleman of the name of to be later. It is expected that it will begin Robinson was accused of no less than about the first and second week of August, six different robberies, and positively and will be pretty general before the twensworn to by a variety of persons. and has been got up in a better state than has

tieth. The hay crop was extremely heavy, He was acquitted on five and convicted on one indictment, which ap- continues most favourable for turnips, which

been known for many years. The season peared to us much the slightest of are doing admirably, and at present but all. The question turned entirely on very few failures are heard of. In some his identity, and the jury who tried parts of the eastern district the sowing will the last four cases seemed to have no be late in consequence of the delay in the doubt that the prosecutors were mis- hay-harvest. taken as to his person, and that these Mr. Sutton's method for the destruction crimes were committed by some one

of the turnip-fly has excited some attenwho strongly resembled him. He tion among the agriculturists, who are direceived from a crowd of witnesses vided in their opinions of its efficacy. The who knew him from his birth an ex

pamphlet has occasioned many speculacellent character, and the two judges tions on the subject

, and has given rise to joined in recommending a pardon in for the destruction of this insect, which are

the promulgation of several other methods the case on which he was convicted. considered more applicable to any scason. This was, perhaps, the most curious Mr. Paul, of Starston, Norfolk, who has question of identity ever tried. endeavoured so successfully to eradicate this

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