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the receptacle of those interior make the Macquarie fall in one place streams to the south-west, crossed 437 feet in little more than 50 miles, by him during his land expedition of and in another 750 in about 50 miles ; discovery in 1818, namely, Parry's and Sir Thomas Brisbane's measureRivulet, Bowen River, Field's River, ments make a fall in the river of and Peel's River. A paper has been 1140 feet in only 30 miles. But this read before the Agricultural Society, last is impossible, where there are no showing that it is not probable that cataracts, and must be attributed to it can be the outlet of that inland some error in using the barometer. lake, in which the river Macquarie Whatever may be its origin, it is was found to terminate, since the the largest fresh water river hitherto whole course of that river for 300 discovered in New South Wales, and miles is north-west, and it would re- promises to be of the utmost imporquire an immediate regular diversion tance to the colony, as it affords to the north-east for nearly 400 miles water communication with the sea, to reach Moreton Bay; and then the to a vast extent of country, a great height of its head above the level of portion of which appeared to Mr. the sea would allow the whole river Oxley capable of raising the richest only a fall of about two feet per mile, productions of the tropics. whereas Mr. Oxley's measurements July 26.

SKETCH OF FOREIGN LITERATURE.
FRANCE

duction of the author of ClytemnesThe Drama. — Passing over the tra and Saul, who was not deterred trifles that have been brought for- from choosing this subject for a traward at the minor theatres, we have gedy, notwithstanding the fate of the to mention two regular pieces. Both- numerous pieces on the same subwell, a Drama in five acts, (in prose) ject which have been produced on by Adolphus Empis, has been per- the French stage, of which none formed at the Theatre Français. is remembered except that of MarThe evident object of the author is montel; and even this is not only seto clear the memory of Queen Mary verely censured by La Harpe, but from the imputation of having been this celebrated critic adds, “ To fancy an accomplice in the assassination of that such a subject can be raised to her husband King Henry. This the dignity of tragedy, the author piece succeeded, as the phrase is, on must have lost his senses, like the the first representation, because every hero whom he has chosen." Though thing had been arranged to save it; M. Soumel, in the ardour of youth but the critics have treated it with was not deterred by this anathema, no little asperity, on account of the he probably had some misgivings, multiplicity of conspiracies, treasons, which induced him to keep his play and assassinations, and its notorious back for many years. He has hoped, deviations from history. The author it may be supposed, that the alteraseems to have felt the justice of some tions which his maturer judgment of the criticisms, at least, made on suggested, by raising the feebleness his piece, for he has withdrawn it of the characters in striking situatifor the present; and it is hoped heons, and hiding the faults of the plan will be able to remove some of the by a profusion of admirable verses, most objectionable parts, which tend might render it worthy of appearto obscure the merit of many fine ing before the public. M. Soumet, scenes. Cleopatra, a tragedy in five like Marmontel, has greatly embaracts, by M. Soumet, has been repre- rassed himself by the introduction of sented at the Odeon. This composi- Octavia, whom, contrary to known tion, though only now brought' for- history, he brings to Egypt, where he ward, is, however, the very first pro- causes her to fall by the hand of Cleopatra, on whom he thus throws pose to recal them altogether to the additional odium, and of course adds attention of our readers. These colto the difficulty of exciting any in- lections are five in number. The terest for her in the mind of the first, directed by thecare of M.Guizot, audience. Nay, M. Soumet has embraces the first eight centuries of even introduced Marcellus, the son the French monarchy, from Clovis of Octavia by her first husband to St. Louis. The first eight vo(though he makes him the son of lumes of this collection are published, Antony), who is left to bewail the faithfully translated from the barbaloss of his mother; thus committing rous Latin into French, which is another and most offensive viola- suitable to the simplicity of the times tion of history, in spite of Virgil, of which they treat, and enriched whose affecting verses on the pre- with valuable explanatory notes. mature death of that young prince This collection, which will form 30 are so well known that we ought volumes, is followed by that of M. almost to ask pardon of our readers Petitot, which includes the Memoirs for only alluding to them. Notwith from the 13th century to the middle standing all that may be objected of the 18th. Many of these are in to M. Soumet's performance, its edited. These two collections are faults are outweighed by splendid completed by Mr. Buchon's edition beauties: it certainly does not belong of the Chronicles of Froissart, Monto Voltaire's genre ennuyeux. The strelet, the great Chronicles of the two Salems, a fairy opera in one act Abbey of St.

Denis, and the Memoirs produced at the Royal Academy of of Duplessis Mornay, making in all Music, is but the old story of the 60 volumes. The 4th and 5th votwo Amphytrions in a new dress. The Jumes of Froissart are now published. little merit of this piece, the music of We have already spoken of the vawhich too is very poor, certainly luable additions made to this new could not entitle it to be performed edition. These three collections inat the Opera, much as it has declined clude the whole of the original hisfrom its ancient splendour.

tory of ancient France. The fourth History, Memoirs, and Biography. collection, consisting of Memoirs reAs it may be in general presumed lative to the French Revolution, of that in the market of literature, as in which we have repeatedly spoken, every other, those whose business it proceeds with rapidity, and will unis to furnish the supply will take care doubtedly furnish the future historian to consult the taste of their custom with most valuable materials. We ers, we are surely authorised in con- cannot refrain, however, from obsidering the great number of historic serving that we think the publicacal publications which are continual- tion of some of these Memoirs might ly issuing from the French press, as have been spared. The latest that a proof that a love of serious reading have appeared are those of Thibaumust be very general among our deau, who, having held important poneighbours; for though the super- litical situations under all the governficial and the gay may take up a vo- ments, had opportunities of observalume of Memoirs in the hope of meet- tion under the Convention, the Diing with amusing or scandalous anec- rectory, the Consulate, and the Emdote, such motives cannot be sup- pire, which are calculated to render posed in those who read historical his Memoirs very interesting. Two works of the nature and extent of volumes are published. The Methose to which we have alluded. We moirs of Condorcet, extracted from have already had several opportuni- his correspondence and that of his ties of noticing, in their progress, the friends, particularly of Suard and several collections which are now Morellet, are advertised, in 2 vols. publishing simultaneously at Paris; 8vo.* The celebrated Madame de but we think it not beside the pur- Genlis has advertised the Memoirs of

* These Memoirs are disavowed by the family of M. de Condorcet, who declare that he left no Memoirs. It may be, that the papers are authentic, but the title s'ems to be a bait to catch the public.

208

her own Life in 6 volumes, 12mo. The volumes. The 1st and 2d, containing piquant Memoirs of Madame du the History of the First Duke, 1364. Hausset relative to Madame de Pom- 1404, is just published, and is spoken padour are going to be published. of by all the French critics in terms A private edition of only 25 copies of unqualified approbation. M. de was printed by Mr. Crawford, to Barante is so advantageously known whose family they belong. The new by his View of Literature in the historical Memoirs on the Fate of the eighteenth century, and still more so Duke of Enghien, 1 vol. 8vo. con- by the Memoirs of Madame de la tain many highly interesting papers Rochejacquelin which he drew up, never before published. The 5th col- that any new production of his elelection, Historical Memoirs of the gant pen naturally claims attention. English Revolution, appears regular- M. de Pouqueville's interesting work, ly. The 8th livraison contains the 4th the Regeneration of Greece, has and last volume of the Memoirs of reached the 2d edition. A work Lord Clarendon, and the Journal of called Mexico in 1823, in 2 vols. 8vo. Lord Clarendon his eldest son. The is advertised for speedy publication. 9th livraison gives the first and second The first part of the Tableaux Hisvolumes of Burnet's History of his toriques de l'Asie from the Monarchy 'Own Times. M. Lacretelle has pub- of Cyrus to the present Time, by M. lished the 9th and 10th volumes I. Klaproth, is now before the publie. of his History of France in the eigh- The whole will be completed in 6 teenth century. A work which has parts, forming 1 vol. 4to. with 25 excited the highest expectations is maps. The New Historical Dicthe History of the Dukes of Bur- tionary is now completed in 30 vols. gundy of the House of Valois, 13644 8vo.-Of the New Biography of our 1477, by M. de Barante. This his- Contemporaries, by Messrs. Arnault, tory is in truth the history of Europe Jay, and Joüy, vols. 14 and 15 are during the fifteenth century, and just published. They include Monod might have been so called without to Pankouke. They contain many any great impropriety. It would be very excellent articles; the reader difficult to find in history four suc- must of course make allowance for cessive sovereigns more remarkable a leaning towards some of the disthan these four Dukes of Burgundy. tinguished characters of the French The first, Philip the Hardy, began to Revolution of the same party as the establish the Burgundian power, and authors. governed France above 20 years. Two more volumes, the 37th and The second, John Sans-peur, to retain 38th, of the Universal Biography, that power over the kingdom which Ancient and Modern, are also pubhis father had possessed, committed lished; they contain the articles from one of the most remarkable crimes Raleigh to Rosario. The new edirecorded in modern history. He tion of Bayle's Dictionary, in 16 vols. thus formed the most sanguinary 8vo. is completed. *factions, and kindled a civil war, the Fine Arts.-History of the Life and “most cruel perhaps that ever stained Works of Raphael, by M. Quatremere the soil of France. Falling a victim de Quincey, 8vo. It is needless to to a similar crime, his death delivered say, that a work on such a subject, up France to the English. Philip the from the pen of so distinguished a Good, his successor, was the arbiter writer, and so accomplished a judge between France and England. His of every thing relative to the Fine long and prosperous reign was dis- Arts, deserves the attention of all tinguished by the pomp and majesty artists, and of the enlightened public. with which the Sovereign Power Novels.-A new novel by M. Picard, began to invest itself, and by the - The Gil Blas of the Revolution," loss of the liberties of Flanders, till which will make 4 volumes, has just that time the richest and freest been bought by M. Baudoin, bookcountry in Europe. Lastly, the reign seller, for 10,000 francs. M. Salvandy, of Charles the Bold presents his con- author of Alonzo, or Spain, has prostant struggle with Louis XI., and duced “Islaor, or the Christian the triumph of ability over violence. Bard.” The subject is taken from This important work will form 10 the History of the Lower Em

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RUSSIA

pire; it gives a true and_faithful and England, collecting materials for sketch of the reign of the Emperor the third volume of his History of Julian, and the Invasion of the Bar- Civil Architecture. The first two barians. Albert and Lucile, or the volumes contain descriptions of 2200 Castle of Monteuil, 3 vols. 12mo. by edifices, and the views, sections, &c. the author of the Family of Montelle, of 489 edifices, ancient and modern, and of Maurice and his children, by on 83 plates of the largest Atlas size. Mademoiselle Dupetival, is well spoken of. This lady's name is now made known for the first time. M. Commodore Krusenstern has unJoüy has given to the public another dertaken to publish annually two volume of his Hermit in the Country: volumes of Memoirs of the Russian it describes the manners and customs Navy. The Voyage of Malespina is of Normandy.

in the press: it is remarkable that it should first appear in the Russian

language. A Journey to China, by Mr. Horn has published the third M. Timbrowski, is publishing : the and last volume of the Poetry and first volume contains the journey to Eloquence of the Germans from Lu- Pekin; the second will be occupied ther to our times. Frederick V. with a description of that city. Elector Palatine and King of Bohemia, by M. Lipowsky, keeper of the Archives at Munich, is a valuable M. Ingemann has just published a addition to the History of the Thirty Danish Epic Poem, “ Waldemar the Years' War. M. Wiebeking is now Great, and his Followers." on a tour in France, the Netherlands,

GERMANY

DENMARK.

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VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.

There is but little foreign intelli- any esprit de corps which makes us gence since our last, though certainly think Villele mistaken in this policy; strong indications that the present a pun in France is worth perhaps at dearth will not be of very long con- this moment just as much as it was tinuance. In France all distant wars in the days of Sterne, and the French are totally forgotten in the bellum in- are not now for many reasons pecuternecinum, which the dismissal of Cha- liarly lynx-eyed towards a politician's teaubriand bas caused amongst the inconsistencies ; let Chateaubriand ministerialcoteries. Villele, firm in the only write well, and wittily, and he King's confidence, and in the ser- may revile as he pleases, when out of vile adhesion of the Chamber of De- livery, every opinion which he advoputies, seems qui ent under cated when in it-neither Talleyrand the daily attacks of the journals and nor Marmont will blame him, and the occasional defection of the House thousands of imitators in every deof Peers. He has had several majo- partment downwards will support rities against him in that assembly, him in the opinion, that principles, and his exiled colleague keeps up a like fashions, ought to have their continual fire of pasquinade and de- leader, and depend upon the ascennunciation. For this, no doubt, Cha- dancy of the season. A momentary teaubriand is eminently qualified- depression of the rentes has added the French Canning-he is a perfect the jobbers to the journals. In master of squib, and jest, and epic short, there is some reason to susgram, and all the light artillery of pect that the minister's triumph rests literary opposition ; and he has so chiefly on the very infirm foundation managed as to leave Villele without of his master's life-a very rotten a single gun to answer him—scarcely tenure. one journal supports the minister-a The intelligence from Portugal is strange fact in the history of any characteristic enough of the wretched press, but more particularly in that state to which priestcraft and tyranof the Parisian. It is not, we hope, ny have conspired to reduce that un. fortunate people. The King, like ference against the serviles, we canFerdinand, has published an amnes- not see how upon principle we can ty, though it is difficult to say for object to-morrow to the interference what; an amnesty really appears to of Russia on the claim of any other have become now in those countries king against the liberals. The party a kind of customary state paper, first we aid may be different, but the rendered necessary by the govern- principle upon which we afford it is ments, and then, though somewhat the same. "No doubt this difference more tardily, promulgated by them. A in the cause may furnish matter for proclamation has also issued announce a very fine and flashy declamation in ing the intention of the King to con- parliament; but all the sophistry on voke the ancient Cortes, an assembly earth will never dispose of the precedescribed as being a representation of dent. A curious proof of the state the clergy, the nobility, and the peo- of society in Lisbon is to be found in ple. Another official paper attri- the fact, that the Queen, notwithbutes the late conspiracy to the in- standing her disgrace, gave a grand fluence of improper companions over assembly after Don Miguel's exile, the mind of the Prince, Don Miguel to which she invited three hundred -no doubt he will learn better con- of the most staunch of her own and stitutional notions at the Court of her son's partizans ! The King, who the Thuilleries, with the additional latterly seems to have acquired a sort advantage of learning French at the of factitious firmness, banished the same time. A much more serious greater proportion of the company question however has arisen, so far from Lisbon next day. as England is concerned, than either The intelligence received from the son's manners or the father's am- South America is of a very mixed nesties. It seems, Don John, find- character, and in our mind preponing the attempt at governing his derating rather against their final ferocious domestic factions by his emancipation. Bolivar, in his new own means utterly hopeless, has ap- capacity as dictator of Peru, has adplied to this country for a military vanced into that country with an force. After much deliberation, Eng- auxiliary Colombian force. In conseland is said to have promised the aid quence of this the executive governof some companies of British marines ment of Colombia has for the present and a Hanoverian brigade. No doubt, devolved upon the Vice-president had we denied the request, some Santandor, who has addressed the other court would have been found Congress in a message of some incomplaisant enough to have enter- terest and importance. This docutained it. To be sure, the cause in ment is an imitation of those pubPortugal — the keeping in check a lished on similar occasions by the turbulent servile faction—would have Executive of the United States, and been something different from that presents a very favourable picture which France at present maintains so far as the individual state to which in Spain; but still her troops might it refers is concerned. It gives a then garrison all the strong holds in very satisfactory account of the tri.the entire Peninsula, and until mo- umph of the liberal party over their rals and policy form a more holy al- domestic opponents, not concealing liance than they hitherto have done, the fact, however, that Ferdinand is we fear some statesmen will be found determined on hostility, so far as his scurvy enough to prefer the posses- power goes. A clear exposition is sion of a fortress to the maintenance made of the relations of Colombia of a principle. It is not, however, with the United States, and their reour province to do more than merely cognition and assurances of support announce the fact ; yet, to say the are dwelt on with gratitude and digtruth, we must borrow a leaf out of nity. The presence of a Commisthe French ultra code in order to sioner from the English government justify our anticipated interference is next referred to, and cited as a the cause we aid may be different, proof that the current of popular but the principle of foreign interfer- feeling is in favour of their indepenence is the same, and if we to-day dence. The internal regulations of at the mere request of the king of the country — its cultivation -eduPortugal yield to his desires of inter- cation-army-post-office establish

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