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whilst they were lying at anchor in ginalls of all our actions intended, thou Plymouth roads, « by good fortune that by thie foresight doost trulie discerne there came to my handes a Prayer in howe no malice of revenge, nor quittaunce Englishe touching this present action, of iniurye, nor desier of blood shed, nor and made by her Majestie as it was greedines of lucre, hath bredd the resoluvoyced ; the prayer seemed to mee to be

tion of our nowe sett out armye, but a most excellent, as well for the matter heedefull care, and warie watche, that no as also the manner, and there withall might breed ether daunger to vs, or glorie

neglect of foes, nor ouer suertie of harme, very patheticall, and therefore for dy- to them. Theis beeinge the groundes, vers good motives wch then presentlie thou that dost inspire the mynd, we humblie came vnto my mynd," he not only beseech thee, withe bended knees, prosper preserved it in its original form, but the worke, and with best fore windes guide " at that very instaunt presumed the jorney, speed the victory, and make to translate it into Latin." The the returne the advauncement of thie glory, translation we omit, and proceed to

the triumphe of their fame and suertie to give the

the realme, with the least losse of Englishe Prayer. +

bloude. To theis devout petitions, Lord, Most Omnipotent Maker and Guider of

give thou thy blessed graunt. Amen. all our worlde's masse, that onlie searchest The following lines, attributed to and fadomist the bottome of all our harte's Elizabeth, are from a manuscript colconceites, and in them seest the true ori lection of English and Latin Epi

organist of Windsor. In 1552 he came from Eaton, and was admitted a student of Christ Church, Oxford, being then sixteen, of which university he was twice Proctor. In 1564 he was unanimously chosen Public Orator, being the first person upon whom that office was conferred for life. He became afterwards Provost of Oriel and a Canon of Christ Church ; but marrying unfortunately, gave up his preferments, studied physic, and taking his superior degree in that faculty, left the university, and was appointed physician to Queen Elizabeth. It is not unlikely that his domestic uneasiness induced him to join in the expedition under Lord Essex, for Marbeck was not, at that period, of an age suited to peril and adventure. At his return he seems to have resided in London, where he died in the year 1605, and was buried in St. Giles's, Cripplegate.

*“ Yf it weare of her maiesties doinge, I most humblie prostrate at her sacred feete craue pardon for daringe to presume to deface so excellent a pend thinge with my rude and homelie translation, beseechinge her matie to accept of my good meaninge, and to admitt this my plaine and simple excuse, whiche is, that in very truthe I could doe it no better."

+ It appears to have been customary to compose and publish prayers of this description on all national undertakings. We have now before us two broadsides set foorth by authoritie," and both “ Imprinted at London by the deputies of Christopher Barker, Printer to the Queene's most excellent Maiestie.” 'One of these is entitled " A Prayer of Thanksgiuing, and for Continuance of good Successe to her Maiestie's forces,” was printed in 1596; the second is a composition of sufficient merit to render it well worthy of prescrvation. It was printed in 1599.

A Prayer for the good Successe of her Maiesties Forces in Ireland. Almightie God and most mercifull Father, which by thine holy Worde declarest thy selfe to be the first ordeiner and continuall vpholder of all Princely power and right, and by thy terrible iudgements against Core, Dathan, and Abiram, in opening the earth to swallow vp them and theirs ; and with like vengeance powred vpon Absalon, Achitophel, Adoniah, and Sheba, diddest manifest to the whole world, how much thou hatest all resistance and rebellion against thy Diuine ordinance : Vouchsafe (wee humbly beseech thee) to strengthen and protect the Forces of thine apoynted our Queene and Souereigne, sent out to suppresse these wicked and vnnaturall Rebels. Be thou to our Armies a Captaine, Leader and Defender. Let thine holy Angels pitch their Tents round about to guard them, and giue theni victorie against all such as rise vp to withstand them. Let not our sinnes (O Lord) be an hinderance to thine accustomed mercies towards vs, neither punish our misdeeds by strengthening the handes of such, as despise thy Trueth, and haue wickedly cast off the rightfull yoke of their due allegiance : That so thy blessed Handmayde our dread Souereigne, may alwayes reioyce in thy Saluation, And we her loyall Subiects still haue cause to magnifie thy glorious Name, and to offer to thee with ioy the sacrifices of praise and thankes-giuing in the middest of the great Congregation. Graunt this (o most righteous Lord God of Hosts) we beseech thee, through Jesus Christ our onely Saviour and Redeemer. Amen.

We have the rather reprinted this, believing that the broadside from which it has been taken is the only copy now in existence.

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grams made early in the seventeenth nor do we see any reason to doubt of century. Of her Majesty's profici. its authenticity. ency in the learned languages we Queen Elizabeth to Leicester, who thought have before given some early and

to haue married her. very interesting specimens ; that Urse, quid insanis ? vis tu Rex esse ferawhich we now produce is by no

rum? means deficient in point and ability, Urse, cares caudâ, non potes esse Leo. +



I rest,


Was chosen chancellor of the Uni- tinuance of your respects towards mee, versity of Oxford on the death of his whose high esteeme of learning and learned father, but no sooner was there a men you might haue more fully experi. prospect of the Restoration, than he mented, had not the most wise disposition intimated his willingness to resign of the Almighty hindred the more reall and that distinguished post, in a letter to fruitfull manifestations of the same ynto the Convocation, and soon after ac

you. And I assure you, that I am soe

affected to the flourishing of your estate, tually resigned it by a second letter that as I accepted of the honour of your addressed to the same body. We be- Chancellorshippe with earnest desires to lieve these epistles never to have been become instrumentall towards your prusprinted ; and as they are highly cha- perity, soe I shall readily divest my selfe racteristic of the writer, shall now of that honour, when by soe doing I may,

I present them to our readers. Richard at least, occasionally, contribute any thing Cromwell was a well intentioned, re- to the attaining of that great end. spectable person, ill calculated for

Gentlemen, the reins of government, and perfect

Your affectionate friend and ly unambitious of their possession.

Chancellour, It would appear, however, that he

Hursley, Octob. 6—59. R. CROMWELL. was favourable to literature, and would, probably, had things taken For the Vice-Chancellour and Convocation a different turn, have appeared to of ye University of Oxford, These greater advantage as the chancellor Gentlemen—I doe and allwayes shall of Oxford

he protector of retaine a hearty sence of my former obliGreat Britain; a dignity for which gations to you in your free election of me he had neither abilities nor strength to the office of your Chancellour, and 'tis of character.

noe small trouble to my thoughts when I

consider how little serviceable i haue been For the Vice-Chancellour and the Convoca

to you in that relation. But since the all tion of the Vniversity of Oxford, These wise Providence of God (which I desire all

Gentlemen-The signall changes of the wayes to adore and bow downe unto) hath hand of God towards mee haue not seques- been pleased soe to change my condition tred my thoughts from the discharge of that I am not in a capacity to answer the that office wherein I stand ingaged vnto ends of that office, I thought I should not you. And whereas the revolution of time be faithfull to you if I did not resign it up requireth that either your present Vice- into your hands, that you might haue opChancellour bee reinstated in his office, or portunity to chuse some other person, whoe another chosen to succeede him ; consider- in the present state of things may be more ing what abundant testimony your present fit and able to serve you. I doe hereupon Vice-Chancellour, Dr. Conant, hath giuen most freely giue up and resigne all my of his intire qualification for soe great a right and interest in that office. But shall trust, I doe hereby nominate and recom- allwayes retaine my affection and esteem mend him to you, to beare the same office for you, with my prayers for your confor this next yeare alsoe, promising to my tinuall prosperity, that amidst the many selfe the chearfull concurrence of your vna. examples of the instability and revolutions nimous votes in the reiterated conferring of of humaine affaires you may still abide this dignity vpon a person, who by his la. flourishing and fruitfull. I am, bours and exemplary conversation amongst

Gentn, you, is a great ornament to your Vniver. Your affectionate friend and servant, sity. Gentlemen, your ready complyance

R. CROMWELL. to this proposall will demonstrate the con. Hursley, May ye 8th, 1660.

* London Magazine, April and December, 1822, pages 387, 555.

+ It is almost unnecessary to state, that the appellation of Bear alludes to the armorial ensigns of Lord Leicester.


DREAMS : FELON'S HILL-WINDY HOVEL_THE VIOLETS. I am one of those feverish-spirited great extent of beach now within beings who never sleep without view; the cliffs did not hang over dreaming. And, on the other hand, it, but leaned back upon the land. I belong to that visionary class of They were not chalky or sandy as mortals, who very often dream with- they usually are, but rather immense out sleeping. Nor can I justly as- sheetings of grey rock, masses sert that there is much difference, as of enormous stones piled one above to probability, between my sleeping another, and apparently held togeand my waking fancies. In the lat- ther by mere points, so that if one ter, however, I am seldom wholly by any accident were pulled from the unconscious of the act of creation bottom, the whole side of the mounwithin me ; whilst the former are the tain would probably have descended involuntary wanderings of my mind, to the shore. There were sometimes when sleep has divested the will of indeed small portions of verdure, and its power to control or excite the marks of burrows made by rabbits or imagination. Between these volun- marterns, but there was very little tary and involuntary dreams, I pasture, perhaps no more than what should nevertheless acknowledge one just sufficed for these animals. А distinction, namely, that my day- considerable breadth of marge bedreams—those which I wilfully create tween the base of these hills and the -are seldom equal in beauty or ter

was covered with a loose rific interest to the shadowy scenes gravel, thinly overspread with rushwhich pass over my mind in slumber. grass, and interspersed here and I will give an instance of each, and there with large fragments of granite conclude with another which, in the which had rolled down from the cliffs. opinion of many, would go far to I am thus particular in describing establish the popular theory that this scene, that I may place the readthere is something prophetic in the er, visionarily, where I was myself, nature of real dreams.

and enable him to enter into my feelTravelling one day by the sea-shore, ings. At about the middle length of after having passed several desert- the beach there was a rude stone ed maritime villas, I at length found wall, very much dilapidated, stretchmyself alone in the noisy solitude of ing from the foot of the hills to the the waves and echoing headlands. sea-weed on the shore. A gap diThe aiery of an eagle or wild sea- vided this low parapet, and from side bird, among the overhanging cliffs, to side of the gap was extended, as was the only tenement within view. a kind of gate, the long stem of a I saw the osprey frequently come beechen tree, from which the dry down from the sun, and sailing be- silver bark was curling off by the tween the ocean and the heights, with force of its own crispness. Upon this a shrill note of signal, enter his lofty tree I leaned, and turning my back nest. Huge cormorants sat balanc- to the ocean, gazed with sublime ing on the ridge of every wave, with pleasure on the rocky stairs which their greedy necks plunged into the seemed to lead up to the cloud-built surf; and flights of seamews, scarce- chambers of the sky. So barren a view ly distinguishable by their pale ashen never met the eye of a spectator becolour from the foam in which they fore, and to whatever part of the mingled, rose every now and then shore I looked, the same gray steriunder the curl, uttering their pecu- lity of prospect saluted me. Before liar scream the white horses me were the slaty hills reflecting and reared, and again settling quietly reflected by the dull pale-blue fields down upon the waters. It was about of water that spread to the horizon ; six o'clock in the afternoon when I on each side were pathless sands, and doubled a high cape that jutted a the sky itself either lent or took the good way into the sea; beyond this leaden hue of this desolate shore. the flood became smoother, and only Bleak as the scene was, however, I fell in a solid phalanx, at each re- could not leave it, though evening turn, upon the strand, without much descended fast, and the gale blew noise or fluctuation. There was a fresh from the mountains. I still


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leaned upon the tree, ruminating whilst I stood wrapt in this dreadful on man's insignificance and frailty, contemplation; Night almost suras I measured with my eye the gi- prised me in the attitude of a statue. gantic retinue of hills before me. I recollected myself; sprang over They spoke loud things to my heart, the gate, and walking rapidly on silent as they stood. Silent, I re- without once looking behind me, as peat, for the monotonous roar of the rapidly at least as the sand continuocean had now diminished to an in- ally sliding from under my feet would audible ripple as the tide forsook permit, I at length got upon the the strand, and Echo was asleep high road just as the moon was upon her stony pillow. Some time rising: O, thought I, what a scene passed in this state of utter loneliness. would that be now! How the moon On a sudden, however, as the wind must look on Felon's Hill, whilst the blew yet fuller, I heard what I con- waves dash sullenly below, and the ceived to be the links of a chain give corpse swings, and its chains jangle an iron sound from the hill-side. I in the breeze! looked toward the point from which To illustrate my theory, I must the sound came, and sharpening my take the liberty of premising a second sight, perceived what had hitherto adventure which happened to me escaped my casual glance,-a gibbet some years ago. standing about halfway up the rocks, “My lad," said a fellow, tapping with a human body hanging upon it me from behind on the shoulder, in chains. It was not terror which “ whither art springing so fast o'er seized me, at this sight; but a gloom the heather?" all at once seemed to be thrown The suddenness of the interrogaaround me, and though I was riveted tion startled me, for I had nearly to the spot I would have given the gained the summit of the hill, and a world to have been away. The few minutes before had looked down reader perhaps will scarcely appre- its side without perceiving anything ciate the intensity of this scene, but but low bushes spotting the pasture. I assure him the bare recollection of The dimness of twilight, however, it even at this distance of time makes might have deceived me. me shudder. Yet there was nothing 1. To N-” said I; “ it is not to apprehend; this was most proba- very far, I believe.” bly the body of some murderer (in- • Farther than you may get todeed I had heard something about night, mayhap," said the man; “ you Felon's Hill at one of the villages I are fresh upon this pasture, I warpassed through), who was gibbeted rant?” on the spot where he had committed I was never amongst these hills the fatal deed; and it was not very pro- before. I have been wandering here bable that another would have chosen the whole day, and bethought myself the same spot for the same purpose. of returning only when had lost But nevertheless (though I denied my path and it became too dark to the sensation of terror), I acknow. find it.” ledge that I did feel my hair involun- My companion smiled, or rather tarily rising, and a cold sweat over- leered, at this simple confession. ran my face. The reader will al- “ But I am sure," added I, inmost laugh at me when I tell him voluntarily putting up my eye-glass, that the appalling desolation of this “ I am sure N-must lie at the sight was further encreased, by-hy other side of this hill.” -shall I be believed ?-by the rah- “ Ay, ay, to be sure ; Heaven lies bits which I saw playing about the at the other side of the moon, but a foot of the gibbet, just under the long way still from that, could a man figure, where it swung to and fro even get so far on his journey.” with the arms hanging like weights “ Is it not visible from the hilldown to the knees ! The creak- top?” I with some anxiety inquired. ing of the gallows also, and the * We shall see," he replied, and cling of the chains as the body turned having gained the ascent, leaped with the wind like a vane, now this upon a high rock and clapping the shoulder, now that, coming forward, ring of a large door-key to one eye,

a - shall remember thein in my “ If there be a town within ken," rave! Sonic time must have elapsoil said he, “ I'll carry you on my back

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1994.] Dreams: Felon's Hill-Windy Hovel-The Violets.

127 to it, and be cudgelled all the way with a hot iron. I had nothing to do like a donkey."

but follow in silence. There was no necessity for mount- As we proceeded up the hill, I ating the rock to see that the town was tempted once or twice to interrupt indeed not within view. This side the horrid pause by asking some apof the hill spread forward into a parently indifferent questions about boundless expanse of green moor, the place to which we were going, with searcely an object to relieve its but the wind blew so strongly down smoothness but a few tufts of rushes the mountain that, together with my here and there.

Behind me were secret agitation, it rapt my breath the mountains I had descended a few between every few words, especially hours ago, and on each hand were as we walked very fast considertheir lordly brothers, each over. ing the ascent. My companion did towering the rest as it stood farther not pay the least attention to any away. 1 am fond of loneliness, as thing I endeavoured to say, but turnthe reader must have perceived from ing every now and then gave a shout what I have already related; wild which in the stillness of night I heard evening rambles and nocturnal mus- faintly repeated by several very disings in total solitude, have ever been tant echoes. Just as we had gotten more pleasing to me than society. to the pinnacle, he shouted again, But the present scene was almost and I now plainly heard the shout antoo forlorn. I was most probably swered by three or four different humany, many miles from any habita- man voices from the bottom of the tion, and stood alone amidst a hill. Moonlight showed me indisworld of hills. The night also, which tinctly something moving up the had now closed in, though clear, was rocks as I looked thither, and when bitterly cold. Alone,' did I say?- it approached nearer I found it to be whilst I stood pondering on the de- a party of men, one of whom had a solate prospect before me, and blam- sack heavily laden on his shoulders. ing the heedlessness which had led Black-brow (as I will beg leave to me hither, I received a slap upon christen my companion) and his unthe shoulders as if the side of a house willing guest were standing at the had fallen upon them, and the fel- door of a ruinous hovel, built with low I spoke of shouted through my awkward gray stones on the very top ears— Box thy noddle no more of the hill. Black-brow applied his about it, man; shalt sleep in a high- eye-glass to the keyhole, and we ener bed to-night than any man this tered the miserable dwelling, in the side of Skiddaw or Ben-Nevis. Can'st window of which a solitary light was tell a star from a rush light?” said burning. He thrust me into a small he, pointing to a small beacon which room, locked the door of it, and in a glimmered on the top of one of the few minutes I heard the other party armidmost hills to my right. Without rive, one of whom flinging down what expecting my answer, he pushed me I conjectured to be the sack at the rudely towards it, and walked on threshold of my door, with a horrid himself, scarcely deigning to observe oath exclaimed that “ it would have whether I accompanied him. I was as broken a colt's back to carry it." I a willow-wand to an oak beside him, think, but am not able positively to so resistance was vain; and I could assert, that as the sack fell heavily perceive by a casual quick glance of against the door, I heard something his eye, as the moon which had now

The party now adsurmounted the hill-tops shone down journed to another room at the farupon us, that he had no notion of thest end of the building, and a great allowing me to escape him. Had deal of noisy conversation ensued, of this been possible I certainly should which however I could gather nohave attempted it, notwithstanding thing but the oaths and exclamations. his promised hospitality. In fact, his After some time I heard the crackling manners had given me impressions of a fire; by and by the noise increaswhich his appearance fully confirm- ed; laughter intermixed with curses, ed; the word 'villain' was stamped and interrupted by a loud quarrel or upon his lowering forehead as plainly a vociferous song, gave indication of as if the hangman had burnt it there a drinking-bout, and that desperate


like a groan.

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