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stock jobbing purposes. There is merely give the motion, which cera intelligence, however, from Mexico, tainly went to affix a lasting stigma which declares that country to be in on the members of the Court, had it a state of such commotion, that, after been acquiesced in; as to the debate the old Roman example, a dictator itself, it would more than occupy our has been appointed. The govern- entire number. Mr. Brougham moved ment there seem to have been ap- “ that an humble address be preprised of all Iturbide's movements, sented to his Majesty, setting forth and to have suppressed his pension that the House, having taken into on his departure from Italy for Eng. their most serious consideration the land. The province seems to be not proceedings which had taken place only in a discontented but very dese on the trial of Mr. John Smith, at perate state, and it is impossible to Demerara, contemplated with the say what effect the enterprise of that most serious alarm the violation of military adventurer may produce law and justice which had then been every thing, of course, depends upon committed ; and they did earnestly his continued favouritism with the pray that his Majesty would be most army, upon whose support, it is said, graciously pleased to give orders for he chiefly calculates ; a support, we such an impartial and humane adlament to say, rarely given to the ministration of the law in that cofriend of liberty:

lony, as would secure the rights not We have nothing to add, favour- only of the negroes but of the plantable or otherwise, on the state of ers themselves.” This motion was Greece. The United States have re- negatived by a majority of 46. The mitted 66001. "to the Greek Govern- numbers being on a division--for it ment, being the amount of the sub- 147—against it 193. — We cannot scriptions received in that country, omit recording upon this subject what and 2000). more has been collected in may be only a bit of scandal respectour settlements in India.

ing the honourable House : our readers may observe that the debate was

adjourned; upon the second night, Our number for this month will, however, the members are said to in all probability, conclude the la- have almost all rushed suddenly out bours of parliament for the present to see a balloon which was ascending very uninteresting session; in our in their neighbourhood, in consenext, we shall give the speech at its quence of which the great legise prorogation, which will be delivered lative assembly being diminished betoo late to enable us to include it low 40 members, the order became a according to our accustomed arrange dropped order, and the balloon itself ments. We continue, of course, our had dropped an entire week before summary, which we have laboured to the debate could be resumed! This render as complete as possible, con- little incident, if true, may furnish sistent with the brevity requisite Mr. Canning with a new argument in a publication of this nature. The against any innovation on the perHouse of Commons was occupied for fection of such an assembly. two nights in a somewhat tedious An ineffectual motion was made debate upon the case of Mr. Smith, by Mr. Hume for the better regulathe Demerara Missionary, who was tion of the naval service, a duty tried by a court martial in that co- which the present system of that lony, on the charge of having con- service rendered imperative, and tributed to the revolt of the negroes, which the leisure of the present mowas condemned to death, recom- ment rendered now particularly exmended to mercy, pardoned in con- pedient. The principal objection sequence, but died of illness in prison, raised by the honourable member previous to the communication to him was to the impressment of our seaof the extension of the Royal mercy. men, a practice which made our sea A great many petitions had been pre- service one of general terror and absented to the House from different parts horrence. The necessity which was of the country, praying for an inquiry urged in its extenuation did not, in into this case, and the present debate fact, exist; men were found in awas commenced by Mr. Brougham, by bundance for the army, but for the a motion for that purpose. We can other service so invincible a repuga




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Aance arose, that many even muti- were often sent on board ship, and it lated themselves to avoid it; and yet was absolutely necessary to invest the návy enjoyed many advantages their commander with those prompt not participated: by the merchant and summary powers, the exercise of service. In the American navy there which could alone strike terror into

no impressment, neither was such minds as theirs. The British there such long intervals as existed seamen were, at present, well disin the British, between the earning posed and contented, a spirit which and the receipt of wages. Another grew out of the liberality of parliaobjection was the length of service. ment, in granting to them the “ long He himself had seen seamen, who, service pensions.” In a few years after many years' absence from their there was every reason to expect that country, were returning to enjoy the crime of desertion would be more their hard earnings, torn away by a scarce in the British naval service man-of-war's boat before they could than in any other. Mr. Hume's moreach the shore, and, without a mo- tion was finally negatived by a mament's rest, obliged to commence a jority of 108 to 38. new service which was to end per- On the 11th of June, as Mr. haps only with their lives. Another Brougham was proceeding through evil arose from the mode of punish- the lobby of the House of Commons ment; the practice of inflicting pu- into the house, he was assaulted by a nishment at the discretion of courts gentleman of the name of Gourlay, martial was a bad one, but it was for whom some years ago he had still worse to punish at the discretion presented a petition. Mr. Gourlay or whim of officers, without any accused the honourable member of court martial whatsoever. The em- having “ betrayed him," and had, as ployment of so many young captains, Mr. Brougham declared, “ a great

a and the unequal distribution of prize wildness in his countenance.” The money, were

evils also calling for cor- Speaker notified the fact to the house rection. The honourable member as a breach of privilege, and Mr. said that he had a plan of his own to Gourlay was detained by the Serjeant propose in lieu of the present system, at Arms. Several members declared but thinking it better to refer the their doubts as to the unfortunate subject to a committee, he should gentleman's sanity, and his case was conclude by moving - That this referred to two eminent physicians, House being well aware of the diffi- who gave it as their opinion that he culty of manning the navy in time was affected by a temporary alienaof war, and of the evils of forcibly tion of mind. He accordingly reimpressing, men for that purpose; mains still in confinement. Mr. Gourand, considering that a time of pro- lay is very indignant at the mental found peace will best admit of the imputation, and has published cerfullest and fairest examination of that tainly a very sane letter, declaring it most important subject, will, early unfounded. Our readers may, perin the next session of parliament, haps, recognise in this gentleman the take that subject into their most se- name of the person who recently, by rious consideration, with a view to a protracted and rather stormy litithe adoption of such regulations as gation with the Duke of Somerset, may prevent those evils in future, attracted so much public attention. consistently with the efficiency of the Apetition was presented by Mr. navy, and the best interests of the Hume to the House, from a person country.” This motion was opposed of the name of Carlisle, who was by Sir George Cockburn, and several convicted of publishing a blasphenaval officers. It was, they con- mous libel, and sentenced to fine and tended, impossible to do away with imprisonment. It appeared that the the practice of impressment, without term of his imprisonment had for maintaining in time of peace as well some time expired, but he was still as war a sufficient number of seamen detained on the non-payment of the to man both our navy and our mer- fine. Considering himself therefore chant ships. With respect to what as a Crown debtor, he had forwarded had been said of corporal punish- the present petition. On the part of mént, it was well known that the the Crown, it was denied that he very lowest and vilest of criminals was its debtor, and Mr. Peel declared that he was obliged to ordes rence with the whole council, adopteven a more strict confinement, in ed the step for which, if wrong, he consequence of this man's asserting was legally responsible. As to the that, conceiving his further imprison- alleged tyranny of Lord Amherst, Mr. ment illegal, he considered himself Canning declared that he would just quite justified in putting every one as soon believe that he had become a to death who was hereafter acces- tyger as a tyrant on arriving in Insory to it.

As to the fine, it was dia. Mr. Lambton, in reply, declared quite necessary that those who were that Mr. Buckingham had publicly sentenced to such punishment, should abandoned all legal proceedings; but remain for some time in confinement, that having done his duty in giving or fines never would be paid ; but publicity to this case of oppression, non-payment of a fine never led to he must add that he had never experpetual imprisonment. The petiá pected any redress from the House tion was ordered to lie upon the table. of Commons. The petition was or

Mr. Lambton, in moving that a dered to lie upon the table, and to be petition from Mr. Buckingham should printed. be brought up, went at considerable Mr. Hume, after some very severe, length into the case of that gentle- but, as it appears to us, very just reman. Mr. Buckingham, it appears, marks as to the present practice of had been connected with the press in committees upon private bills, moved India, and in the year 1808 estab- that all members interested in any lished a paper called the Calcutta private bill should be excluded from Journal, which brought him in a voting upon such bill in the comprofit of 8000l. per annum; the inde- mittees held above stairs. In the pendent spirit of the paper gave of course of the discussion, the way in fence to the government, the conse- which those committees were got up, quence of which was the prosecution and in which wandering members" and acquittal of Mr. Buckingham; were brought in to vote, in utter ighe was soon after, however, banished norance of all anterior proceedings, from India by Mr. Adam, who suc- was particularly commented on. Mr. ceeded Lord Hastings pro tempore, Grenfell pointedly declared, that the as was also his successor Mr. Arnot, mode of proceeding amounted not and the paper itself was subse- only to a perversion but to a denial of quently suppressed. The immediate justice. Mr. Hume's motion was in cause of the removal of Mr. Bucking- some degree modified, and a select ham was alleged to be his having committee was appointed, with an rather freely commented on the ap- injunction to report their minutes of pointment of a Doctor Brice, who proceedings, and also their opinions was at the head of the Presbyterian to the house. Church in India, to supply the go- On some papers connected with vernment offices with stationery, the slave trade being laid upon the this appointment was afterwards table by Mr. Canning, Mr. Brougham cancelled by the Court of Directors, declared that he had authentic inteland censured by the Presbytery of ligence that this traffic was carried Scotland as degrading to their body, on now with as much vigour in the and yet Mr. Buckingham was banish- ports of France, as before its preed for having merely disapproved of tended abolition by that government ! it! The conduct of the Indian govern- Sir James Mackintosh in presentment was vindicated by the Presi- ing a petition from a body of London dent of the Board of Control, on the merchants praying for the recogniground that Mr. Buckingham had tion of the independence of such already commenced proceedings South American States as had aagainst Mr. Adam in a Court of Law, chieved their freedom, entered at and that therefore the House should large into that interesting subject. not interpose. The petitioner had Sir James said, the recognition which been warned no less than five times he meant was merely a practical not to continue the course he had measure, by which we should treat commenced, on pain of the with those states as independent, and estadrawal of his licence; these admoni- blish with them the same relations tions, however, he had chosen to dis- and interests that we had been acregard, and Mr. Adam, in concur- customed to maintain with ancient


governments. Such a recognition go at least to the extreme of illiberaimplied no alliance, no guarantee, nolity, is evident from the fact of their assistance, no approbation -- with unanimously passing a bill to enable these things we had nothing to do the Duke of Norfolk to hold the now we had merely to maintain our own vacant office of Deputy Earl Marrights and security. Mr. Canning shal of England without taking those declared that this country had only paths by which Catholics have been thought it fair to Spain to give it the hitherto excluded. Bills have also opportunity of a precedency on this passed, restoring, through the Royal subject, hoping she would avail her. Grace, several attainted Scotch Peerself of it; that hope was now at an ages, amongst which is the Earldom end, and therefore we must act as of Mar. we thought most expedient. At the Our domestic intelligence is almost same time, to continue the present confined to the parliamentary abdiscussion, might rather retard than stract. precipitate the object in view. Go There have been several balloon vernment had taken means to arrive ascents lately, one of which, we laat that information by wbich alone ment to say, has terminated in the it could be led to a decision.

death of Mr. Harris the aeronaut. Mr. Canning, adverting to a late The unfortunate gentleman was actreaty entered into between this companied by a female of the name country and the Netherlands, with of Stocks, and after a fine ascent unrespect to our East India possessions, happily let too much gas escape on stated, that we had acquired Sinca- his return, by which means the mapore, got rid of the Dutch posses- chine rapidly descended, and was sions which were a source of irrita- found on the ground completely coltion to us on the Continent of India, lapsed, with Mr. Harris in the car and obtained a recognition of the quite dead, and the female in a state of principle of a free trademas an equi- stupor; she has, however, since revalent for these advantages, we had covered. Mr. Graham made a suconly ceded Bencoolen, which cost us cessful ascent on the very day of Mr. 87,000l. a-year, and agreed to a line of Harris's funeral. The unfortunate demarcation between the Dutch and deceased has left a widow and British settlements in India. It was child. His father deposed upon the intended to place the new possessions inquest, that he had often told him under the administration of the East during the progress of the balloon India Company

that he was building a machine Sir James Mackintosh gave notice which would be the death of him.” of two motions for next session ; one A sad omen, and sadly verified. to amend the law of Copyright-the Several occurrences have taken other to repeal the act of Geo. II., place in our Courts of Law within giving to the Lord Chamberlain, or the last month not altogether unworhis deputy, the right of licensing thy of notice. No less than eight inplays.

dictments have been tried during the The proceedings in the House of last Old Bailey sessions, against poor Lords have been almost entirely des. illiterate wretches charged with selltitute of interest during the lasting the Age of Reason. These men, month. The County Courts Bill and or rather boys, seemed to consider the Cruelty to Animals Bill, which themselves quite as martyrs, and had both passed the Commons, were were sentenced to six months, two rejected by their Lordships. Earl years, and three years' imprisonment Grey presented the Catholic Petition for the same offence. The Recorder to which we adverted in our last, alleged the difference of the defences and declared, as did Mr. Brougham as the reason for the difference of puin the House of Commons, his dis- nishment ! sent from certain parts of it. To At the Surrey Sessions where Lord what a wretched condition have these Eastnor presided, a gentleman of the men reduced themselves, when even name of O'Callaghan was found their own advocates are compelled guilty of an assault upon a clergy, thus to protect themselves from a man of the name of Saurin. Mr. participation in their absurdities. OʻCallaghan conceived that Mr. SauThat Parliament are not inclined to rin had insulted some ladies under

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107 his protection, and the jury, after some parts the hay harvest has begun with hearing the evidence, recommended good promise. For the ensuing turnip the defendant to mercy on the ground crop the farmers are in active preparation. that he had received “the strong- Swedes are already sown in many places, est provocation.". The assault.con- been very dull during the last month, not

and are got in well. The markets have sisted in one blow struck with a switch which the defendant wrested withstanding the small arrivals, and the out of Mr. Saurin's hand, and the cularly for inferior samples of wheat. Trong

prices have consequently fallen most partiRev. Gentleman declared that he

The average arrivals during the month would have “ MET" the defendant have been of_wheat 6090 quarters; barley had his friends permitted! The 1576 quarters; oats 16,662 quarters; EnCourt sentenced the defendant to a glish four 5560 sacks ; foreign flour 716 month's imprisonment in the House bolls; and the average prices for the of Correction, and to pay a fine of week ending June 5th, for wheat 638. 8d.; 201.!! Mr. OʻCallaghan has been barley 32s. 2d.; and oats 26s. 4d. Flour kept on bread and water-refused continues exceedingly dull, and fetches from permission to purchase his

558. to 608. per sack.

own food, and not even allowed to see his tions are various. Those from Maidstone

The reports respecting the hop plantafriends except through an iron grat- represent the vines as having made but ing, where they are exposed to the small progress of late in consequence of severest inclemency of the weather. the cold, while the Worcester statements This treatment has excited a power- give a favourable account; the vines are ful sensation throughout the metro- said to be growing rapidly, and gaining so polis, and will, we hope, however much strength, that at least half a crop is grievous towards the individual, expected. The duty is laid at 130,0001. produce some benefit to the public.

Oak bark fetches from 8l. to 107 a ton; We believe the case from beginning and the wool trade is brisk, but the prices to the end to be unparalleled in the are nominal. annals of this country.

In Smithfield the market for beef and Mr. John Hunt has been at last dull,

lamb is higher, but the mutton trade is sentenced for the publication of the Vision of Judgment, a libel on the late King. He was fined 100l. The

Mr. Sutton's Pamphlet containing the King's Bench have done themselves recipe for the destruction of the turinfinite credit by such a sentence. nip, fly is published. The opinions of Justice adds much to its dignity, very conflicting, some representing it

agriculturists concerning its efficacy are and loses nothing of its force by be

catch," while others ing tempered with mercy.

speak of it in high terms. His method, as

it will be seen, certainly goes completely AGRICULTURE.

contrary to the established opinion, that The variations in the weather have been the seed should be sown immediately after as great during the latter part of May, and the ploughing. The plan which Mr. Sutthe whole of June, as at any other period ton offers to the public is very simple, and, of the present year. The temperature of what is also a most important consideration, the air has been continually changeable— may be tried at an extremely small expense. the middle of the day warm, and the morn- Whether it will be found to answer upon a ing and evening cold, with the wind gene- large scale is yet to be determined, the exrally north or north-east, bringing with it periments having been limited in their ex. some very severe frosts. The late rains tent. The attention of Mr. Sutton was have, however, much altered the general particularly directed to this subject by the appearance of the crops upon the light following circumstance. He says, “Early warm soils for the better, while those upon in the summer of the year 1822, when the the wet cold lands are not at all improved. weather was extremely hot, and the ground The wheats are upon the whole, however, quite parched, I had a piece of land of looking well; but it is still doubtful whe- about twenty perches, which was dug up ther the crop will be very productive. The and prepared for a crop of turnips—but on barleys have not entirely recovered from account

of the dry weather that prevailed, the severe check they received ; upon the I did not sow it till eight or ten days after, high heath lands they are almost perished, when a little rain fell. I immediately, for notwithstanding the late rains. The the same purpose, prepared several other , grasses were expected to have been very plats of ground in the same garden, the

heavy, owing to the excellent appearance of whole of which I sowed with turnip seed the layers in the winter ; if the length be not at the same time. All the plants came up great, the bottom is generally excellent. In well; but in the course of a few days, ali

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