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DEC 10183

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PROGRAM IN ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING EDUCATION AND RESEARCH

MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
CAMBRIDGE, MASSACHUSETTS 02139

Room 48-306

David Hunter Marks
James Mason Cralls Professor
of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Director, Program in Environmental Enginecring
Education and Research

Tel: (617) 233-1992

Fu (617) 258-6099 Email:dhmarksmit.edu.

6 December 1993

Mr. Tim Valentine, Chairman
Subcommittee on TEA
Suite 2320 Rayburn House Office Bldg.
Washington, DC 20515-6301

Dear Chairman Valentine:

Thank you for your November 29, 1993 request for my opinions on how the Federal government an encourage activities such as those being developed at MIT in university programs across the nation. You ask how would I envision at what level of support should my recommendations be enacted for timely benefit to the Nation?

The goal here should be to bring academia into partnerships with government and industry in helping to do research in new environmental technologies and to help to educate the future generations of students who will work with and evolve these technologies. I would argue that relatively small additional resources are needed if provisions to bring academia, government and industry together are added to existing programs. Examples are:

1.

The National Science Foundation routinely funds curriculum development and
student support programs in such areas as environmentally friendly
technologies. These programs should be sharpened and added to with the
strong provision for industrial partnerships for student internships,
faculty/industrial switching of personnel on a short-term hesis and
other means of helping to increase understanding of industries problems.
These programs should focus not only on new environmental technologies
but also on life cycle analysis to understand where they should best be
employed.

2.

DOE, ARPA and NIST are all interested in manufacturing and in new industrial technology transfer and development. Environmentally conscious Manufacturing is an integral part of such efforts - not a side show. Encourage any new government/industry manufacturing efforts to bring in academia for research in technologies and life cycle methods. For a relatively small increment, universities can become part of important industrial systems/energy and environmental conservation research that cannot be carried out on their own. Interaction with industry and government on large scale studies and technology transfer will bring new ideas, create better understanding of problems and greatly influence engineering and scientific education.

What I am proposing is small and would add to existing programs. Fifty to one hundred million dollars/year added to NSF's budget for training and curriculum development in environmental technologies and life cycle with required industry and/or government participation would make a major difference in the whole fabric of engineering and scientific education throughout the country. NSF should particularly be pushing industry/university interactions on developing, testing and eventually reaching standards on life cycle approaches and uses.

Simply requiring academic participation and a greater focus on environmental technologies and environmentally conscious manufacturing, perhaps even within present budgets for DOE, ARPA and NIST, would also have a major impact on university programs. Universities do research to expand the knowledge they teach. Having access to the latest that is being developed in industry related to these environmental topics would quickly allow universities to bring these ideas back into the classroom. All this would require is that a life cycle component be included along with university participation in any new government, industrial initiative.

Let me know if I can be of further help.

Very truly yours,

.

lais

David H. Marks
James Mason Crafts Professor
of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Director, Program in Environmental
Engineering Education and Research

ecollection

ESPRIT

General Information Sheet

Esprit Ecollection
A Line of Socially and Environmentally Responsible Clothing

At Esprit Ecollection, we believe the best fashion statement is one that positively affects the world around us: aesthetically, culturally, and environmentally. In 1990, Esprit initiated a company-wide eco audit to incorporate ecological considerations into daily business decisions. This transformation in our thinking prompted us to look beyond the surface of fashion. We've carefully examined every element of clothing manufacturing, from fabrics to dyeing processes to buttons and trims. The result is a finished product that implements the best environmental alternatives currently available, supports rural artisans, and helps preserve endangered cultures. The following are some examples of the extra energy we invest in our Ecollection garments.

Organically Grown Cotton We support organic farmers who grow crops without the use of chemical pesticides, herbicides, or fertilizers. Our purchase of certified organically grown cotton promotes safe and sustainable farming practices which do not contaminate air or water supplies. • Naturally Colored Cotton In order to eliminate the water and energy used in dyeing and prevent excess dyestuffs from entering the environment, we use naturally colored cotton.

• Low Impact Dyes
When we do apply color, we guarantee that it is the most environmental solution
currently available. Our low impact dye process uses significantly less water and energy
than conventional processes, and the dyes themselves exhibit a 90% fixation rate to the
cloth.

• Tencel® Low Impact Cellulosic Fiber
Similar to rayon, this material is made from the pulp of sustainably harvested trees,
and uses a solvent which is continually recycled and benign in the waste water.

Handpainted Buttons
Our wooden buttons are handpainted by artisans from the Watermark Cooperative. Based
in an economically depressed region of North Carolina where employment opportunities
for women are few, the Watermark Cooperative provides job training as well as much
needed income, and enables its members to become economically self-sufficient.

Reconstituted Glass Buttons Our reconstituted glass buttons and beads support a traditional craft in Ghana. These are made from old bottles which are ground to a fine powder, mixed with pigments, and refired.

• Huichol Indian Beaded Bracelets
In collaboration with the Huichol Center for Cultural Survival and Traditional Arts,
Esprit's order for handbeaded bracelets helps preserve a threatened culture. Each
bracelet features the Huichol's traditional spiritual and religious symbols.

900 Minnesota Street, San Francisco, CA 94107 3000. 415 648 6900

ecollection

SPRIT

General release

Wear and Care
Esprit's Fall '93 Ecollection

In 1990, Esprit became the first company to dedicate an entire clothing line to
improving the social and environmental practices of the clothing industry: Ecollection.
The list of companies following Esprit's lead lengthens daily. Ecological responsibility
is becoming an integral part of the clothing industry, not just as a matter of fashion, but
of daily business practices.

Wear and care," is how Esprit co-founder Susie Tompkins describes the innovative and commercially successful line. "We create garments which represent the best that can be done in terms of our impact on the environment and our incorporation of human values into clothing design. Customers have the best of both worlds: great items that make a positive contribution to society."

From fiber to finished product, Esprit Ecollection examines every step of the
manufacturing process. Now in its tourth season, the Fall '93 line offers 28 items made
from materials such as certified organic and transitional cotton, recycled wool,
naturally colored wool, a silk/merino wool blend, and Tencel®, a new fiber similar to
rayon. Ecollection has also eliminated a number of harmful chemicals in manufacturing,
and uses natural or low impact dye processes which save water and energy and reduce
pollution related to coloring.

*Clothing is one of our primary mediums of self expression, and in these times, people care about what is going on in our society." Tompkins continues. "It is no longer sufficient to emblazen a social or environmental message across a tee shirt. All products we buy, by the way they are designed and produced, can make a difference in the world." Ecollection is available in please fill in the blanks....

900 Minnesota Street, San Francisco, CA 941073000 415 648 6900

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