World Hunger, Health, and Refugee Problems: Hearing, Ninety-third Congress, First Session [-Ninety-fourth Congress, Second Session].
United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee to Investigate Problems Connected with Refugees and Escapees
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1973
Includes bibliographical references.
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Page 279 - From the end of World War II until quite recently, world prices for the principal temperate zone farm commodities, such as wheat, feedgrains, and soybeans, have been remarkably stable. In part, this is because throughout much of this period world prices have rested on the commodity support level in the United States. Since world food reserves may become chronically low and the idled crop acreage in the United States may...
Page 132 - In recent years, the need to draw down grain reserves and to utilize the reserve of idled cropland has occurred with increasing frequency. This first happened during the food crisis years of 1966 and 1967 when world grain reserves were reduced to a dangerously low level and the United States brought back into production a small portion of the 50 million idle acres, and again in 1971, as a result of the corn blight in the United States.
Page 11 - Over the longer run, however, the greatest opportunities lie in the developing countries, where the world's greatest reservoir of unexploited food potential is located. In those countries having the appropriate economic incentives, fertilizer, water and other required agricultural inputs and supporting institutions, the introduction of new wheat and rice varieties has increased production substantially.
Page 7 - ... carryover stocks — the amount in storage at the time the new crop begins to come in. World carryover stocks are concentrated in a few of the principal exporting countries — namely the United States, Canada, Australia, and Argentina. Since 1960, world grain reserves have fluctuated from a high of 155 million metric tons to a low of about 100 million metric tons. When these reserves drop to 100 million tons, severe shortages and strong upward price pressures develop.
Page 48 - Thus they lack the capacity to satisfy the growth in demand for livestock products entirely from indigenous resources. As a result they are importing increasing amounts of livestock products or of feedgrains and soybeans with which to expand their livestock production.
Page 10 - American food exports is increasing so dramatically, there is also a growing awareness that this extreme dependence leaves the world in a very dangerous position in the event of adverse crop years in North America.
Page 48 - The amount of grain consumed directly rises until per capita income approaches $500 per year, whereupon it begins to decline, eventually leveling off at about 150 pounds. The total amount of grain consumed directly and indirectly, however, continues to rise rapidly as per capita income climbs. As yet no nation appears to have reached a level of affluence where its per capita grain requirements have stopped rising.
Page 49 - ... uses. In the United States, farmland has been used indiscriminately for other purposes with little thought devoted to the possible long-term consequences. Some more densely populated countries, such as Japan and several Western European countries, have been experiencing a reduction in the land used for crop production for the past few decades. This trend is continuing and may well accelerate. Other parts of the world, including particularly the Indian subcontinent, the Middle East, North Africa,...
Page 133 - But today rice yields per acre in India and Nigeria still average only onethird those of Japan ; corn yields in Thailand and Brazil are less than one-third those of the United States. Large increases in food supply are possible in these countries at far less cost than in agriculturally advanced nations if farmers are given the necessary economic incentives and have access to the requisite inputs.