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(i) State Assistance for Vocational Education Support Programs by Community-Based Organizations as described in 34 CFR 401.71 and 34 CFR 401.72;

(ii) Consumer and Homemaking Education Program as described in 34 CFR 401.73;

(iii) Adult Training, Retraining, and Employment Development Program as described in 34 CFR 401.75;

(iv) Comprehensive Career Guidance and Counseling Program as described in 34 CFR 401.76; and

(v) Industry-Education Partnership for Training in High-Technology Occupations Program as described in 34 CFR 401.78; and

(b) National Programs which include

(1) The Bilingual Vocational Training Program as described in 34 CFR Part 407;

(2) The Bilingual Vocational Instructor Training Program as described in 34 CFR 408;

(3) The Bilingual Vocational Materials, Methods, and Techniques Program as described in 34 CFR Part 409; (4) The Indian and Hawaiian Natives Program as described in 34 CFR 410;

(5) Demonstration Centers for the Retraining of Dislocated Workers as described in 34 CFR Part 411;

(6) The Cooperative Demonstration Program as described in 34 CFR Part 412;

(7) The State Equipment Pools Programs as described in 34 CFR Part 414;

(8) Model Centers for Vocational Education for Older Individuals as described in 34 CFR Part 415;

(9) The National Vocational Education Research Program as described in 34 CFR Part 416; and

(10) The National Center for Research in Vocational Education as described in 34 CFR Part 417.

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 2301 et seq.)

8 400.3 What regulations apply to the Vocational Education Programs?

In addition to the regulations contained in this part and the applicable program regulations, the programs under 34 CFR Parts 401, 407 through 412, and 414 through 417 are subject to the following Education Depart

ment General Administrative Regulations (EDGAR) in 34 CFR

(a) Part 74 (Administration of Grants);

(b) Part 75 (Direct Grant Programs), which applies only to Parts 407 through 412 and Parts 414 through 417;

(c) Part 76 (State-Administered Programs), which applies only to Part 401; (d) Part 77 (Definitions that apply to Department of Regulations);

(e) Part 78 (Education Appeal Board); and

(f) Part 79 (Intergovernmental Review of Department of Education Programs and Activities).

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 2301 et seq.)

§ 400.4 What definitions apply to the Vocational Education Programs?

(a) Definitions in EDGAR. Unless otherwise provided, the following terms used in this part and 34 CFR Parts 401, 407 through 412, and 414 through 417 are defined in 34 CFR 77.1:

Acquisition
Applicant
Application
Award
Budget
Contract
Department

ED
EDGAR
Facilities

Federally recognized Indian tribal government

Fiscal year
GEPA
Grant
Nonprofit

Nonpublic
Private
Project

Secondary school
Secretary

State

State educational agency
Supplies

(b) Other definitions. The following definitions also apply to this part and 34 CFR Parts 401, 407 through 412, and 414 through 417:

"Act" means the Carl D. Perkins Vocational Education Act.

"Administration" means activities of a State necessary for the proper and efficient performance of its duties

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Subpart A-General

§ 400.1 What are the purposes of the Carl D. Perkins Vocational Education Act? The purposes of the Carl D. Perkins Vocational Education Act are to

(a) Assist the States to expand, improve, modernize, and develop quality vocational education programs in order to meet the needs of the Nation's existing and future work force for marketable skills and to improve productivity and promote economic growth;

(b) Assure that individuals who are inadequately served under vocational education programs are assured access to quality vocational education programs, especially—

(1) Individuals who are disadvantaged;

(2) Individuals who are handicapped; (3) Men and women who are entering nontraditional occupations;

(4) Adults who are in need of training and retraining;

(5) Individuals who are single parents, homemakers, or single pregnant women;

(6) Individuals with limited English proficiency; and

(7) Individuals who are incarcerated in correctional institutions;

(c) Promote greater cooperation between public agencies and the private sector in preparing individuals for employment, in promoting the quality of

vocational education in the States, and in making the vocational system more responsive to the labor market in the States;

(d) Improve the academic foundations of vocational students and to aid in the application of newer technologies (including the use of computers) in terms of employment or occupational goals;

(e) Provide vocational education services to train, retrain, and upgrade employed and unemployed workers in new skills for which there is a demand in that State or employment market;

(f) Assist the most economically depressed areas of a State to raise employment and occupational competencies of its citizens;

(g) Assist the States to utilize a full range of supportive services, special programs, and guidance counseling and placement to achieve the basic purposes of the Act;

(h) Improve the effectiveness of consumer and homemaking education and to reduce the limiting effects of sexrole stereotyping on occupations, job skills, levels of competency, and careers; and

(i) Authorize national programs designed to

(1) Meet designated vocational education needs; and

(2) Strengthen the vocational education research process.

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 2301, 2331)

[50 FR 33231, Aug. 16, 1985, as amended at 53 FR 35258, Sept. 12, 1988]

§ 400.2 What programs are authorized by the Carl D. Perkins Vocational Education Act?

The Carl D. Perkins Vocational Education Act authorizes

(a) The State vocational education program which includes

(1) The Vocational Education Opportunities Program under the basic State grant, as described in 34 CFR 401.51 through 34 CFR 401.58;

(2) The Vocational Education Improvement, Innovation, and Expansion Program under the basic State grant, as described in 34 CFR 401.59 through 34 CFR 401.61; and

(3) Special Programs which include the

(i) State Assistance for Vocational Education Support Programs by Community-Based Organizations as described in 34 CFR 401.71 and 34 CFR 401.72;

(ii) Consumer and Homemaking Education Program as described in 34 CFR 401.73;

(iii) Adult Training, Retraining, and Employment Development Program as described in 34 CFR 401.75;

(iv) Comprehensive Career Guidance and Counseling Program as described in 34 CFR 401.76; and

(v) Industry-Education Partnership for Training in High-Technology Occupations Program as described in 34 CFR 401.78; and

(b) National Programs which include

(1) The Bilingual Vocational Training Program as described in 34 CFR Part 407;

(2) The Bilingual Vocational Instructor Training Program as described in 34 CFR 408;

(3) The Bilingual Vocational Materials, Methods, and Techniques Program as described in 34 CFR Part 409; (4) The Indian and Hawaiian Natives Program as described in 34 CFR 410;

(5) Demonstration Centers for the Retraining of Dislocated Workers as described in 34 CFR Part 411;

(6) The Cooperative Demonstration Program as described in 34 CFR Part 412;

(7) The State Equipment Pools Programs as described in 34 CFR Part 414;

(8) Model Centers for Vocational Education for Older Individuals as described in 34 CFR Part 415;

(9) The National Vocational Education Research Program as described in 34 CFR Part 416; and

(10) The National Center for Research in Vocational Education as described in 34 CFR Part 417.

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 2301 et seq.)

§ 400.3 What regulations apply to the Vocational Education Programs?

In addition to the regulations contained in this part and the applicable program regulations, the programs under 34 CFR Parts 401, 407 through 412, and 414 through 417 are subject to the following Education Depart

ment General Administrative Regulations (EDGAR) in 34 CFR

(a) Part 74 (Administration of Grants);

(b) Part 75 (Direct Grant Programs), which applies only to Parts 407 through 412 and Parts 414 through 417;

(c) Part 76 (State-Administered Programs), which applies only to Part 401; (d) Part 77 (Definitions that apply to Department of Regulations);

(e) Part 78 (Education Appeal Board); and

(f) Part 79 (Intergovernmental Review of Department of Education Programs and Activities).

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 2301 et seq.)

§ 400.4 What definitions apply to the Vocational Education Programs?

(a) Definitions in EDGAR. Unless otherwise provided, the following terms used in this part and 34 CFR Parts 401, 407 through 412, and 414 through 417 are defined in 34 CFR 77.1:

Acquisition Applicant Application Award Budget Contract

Department

ED
EDGAR

Facilities

Federally recognized Indian tribal government

Fiscal year
GEPA

Grant
Nonprofit

Nonpublic Private

Project

Secondary school Secretary

State

State educational agency
Supplies

(b) Other definitions. The following definitions also apply to this part and 34 CFR Parts 401, 407 through 412, and 414 through 417:

"Act" means the Carl D. Perkins Vocational Education Act.

"Administration" means activities of a State necessary for the proper and efficient performance of its duties

under the Act, including supervision, but not including curriculum development activities, personnel development, technical assistance, or research activities.

"Apprenticeship training program" means a program registered with the Department of Labor or the State apprenticeship agency in accordance with the Act of August 16, 1937, known as the National Apprenticeship Act, which is conducted or sponsored by an employer, a group of employers, or a joint apprenticeship committee representing both employers and a union, and which contains all terms and conditions for the qualification, recruitment, selection, employment, and training of apprentices.

"Area vocational education school" means

(1) A specialized high school used exclusively or principally for the provision of vocational education to individuals who are available for study in preparation for entering the labor market;

(2) The department of a high school exclusively or principally used for providing vocational education in no less than five different occupational fields to individuals who are available for study in preparation for entering the labor market;

(3) A technical institute or vocational school used exclusively or principally for the provision of vocational eduIcation to individuals who have completed or left high school and who are available for study in preparation for entering the labor market; or

(4) The department or division of a junior college or community college or university operating under the policies of the State board and which provides vocational education in no less than five different occupational fields leading to immediate employment but not necessarily leading to a baccalaureate degree, if, in the case of a school, department, or division described in paragraphs (3) and (4) of this definition, it admits as regular students both indivduals who have completed high school and individuals who have left high school.

"Career guidance and counseling" means those programs

(1) Which pertain to the body of subject matter and related techniques and methods organized for the development in individuals of career awareness, career planning, career decisionmaking, placement skills, and knowledge and understanding of local, State, and national occupational, educational, and labor market needs, trends, and opportunities; and

(2) Which assist individuals in making and implementing informed educational and occupational choices.

"Community-based organization” means a private nonprofit organization of demonstrated effectiveness which is representative of communities or siginficant segments of communities and which provides job training services (for example, Opportunities Industrialization Centers, the National Urban League, SER-jobs for Progress, United Way of America, Mainstream, the National Puerto Rican Forum, National Council of La Raza, 70,001, Jobs for Youth, organizations operating career intern programs, neighborhood groups and organizations, community action agencies, community development corporations, vocational rehabilitation organizations, rehabilitation facilities (as defined in section 7(10) of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973), agencies serving youth, agencies serving the handicapped, agencies serving displaced homemakers, union-related organizations, and employer-related nonprofit organizations), or an organization of demostrated effectiveness serving nonreservation Indians (including the National Urban Indian Council), as well as tribal governments and Native Alaskan groups.

(Authority: Sec. 4(5) of the Job Training Partnership Act)

"Construction" includes construction of new buildings and acquisition, and expansion, remodeling, and alteration of existing buildings, and includes site grading and improvement and architect fees.

"Cooperative education" means a method of instruction of vocational education for individuals who, through written cooperative arrangements between the school and employers, receive instruction, including required academic course and related vo

cational instruction by alternation of study in school with a job in any occupational field, but the two experiences must be planned and supervised by the school and employers so that each contributes to the student's education and employability. Work periods and school attendance may be on alternate half days, full days, weeks, or other periods of time in fulfilling the cooperative program.

"Criminal offender" means any individual who is charged with or convicted of any criminal offense, including a youth offender or a juvenile offender. "Correctional institution" means

any

(1) Prison;

(2) Jail;

(3) Reformatory;

(4) Work farm;

(5) Detention center; or

(6) Halfway house, community-based rehabilitation center, or any other similar institution designed for the confinement or rehabilitation of criminal offenders.

"Curriculum materials" means instructional and related or supportive material, including materials using advanced learning technology, in any occupational field which is designed to strengthen the academic foundation and prepare individuals for employment at the entry level or to upgrade occupational competencies of those previously or presently employed in any occupational field, and appropriate counseling and guidance material.

"Disadvantaged" means individuals (other than handicapped individuals) who have economic or academic disadvantages and who require special services and assistance in order to enable them to succeed in vocational educational programs. The term includes individuals who are members of economically disadvantaged families, migrants, individuals who have limited English proficiency and individuals who are dropouts from, or who are identified as potential dropouts from, secondary school. For the purpose of this definition, an individual who scores at or below the 25th percentile on a standardized achievement or aptitude test, whose secondary school grades are below 2.0 on a 4.0 scale (where the grade "A" equals 4.0), or

fails to attain minimal academic competencies may be considered "academically disadvantaged." The definition does not include individuals with learning disabilities.

(House Report No. 98-1129, 98th Cong., 2d Sess. p. 100 (1984)) "Economically

depressed area" means an economically integrated area within any State in which a chronically low level of economic activity or a deteriorating economic base has

caused such adverse effects as

(1) A rate of unemployment which has exceeded by 50 per centum or more the average rate of unemployment in the State, or in the Nation, for each of the three years preceding the year for which the designation is made; or

(2) A large concentration of lowincome families, the designation of which is approved by the Secretary as consistent with the purposes of the Act, with these criteria, and with such other criteria as the Secretary may prescribe.

"Economically disadvantaged family or individual" means a family or individual which the State board identifies as low income on the basis of uniform methods that are described in the State plan. A State must use one or more of the following standards as an indicator of low income:

(1) Annual income at or below the official poverty line established by the Director of the Office of Management and Budget.

(2) Eligibility for free or reducedpriced school lunch.

(3) Eligibility for Aid to Families with Dependent Children or other public assistance programs.

(4) Receipt of a Pell Grant or comparable State program of need-based financial assistance.

(5) Eligibility for participation in programs assisted under Title II of the JTPA.

"Eligible recipient" means a local educational agency or a postsecondary educational institution.

"Handicapped", when applied to individuals, means individuals who are mentally retarded, hard of hearing, deaf, speech or language impaired, visually handicapped, seriously emotion

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