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Hanks, L. M., Jr., and others. The scientist and U.S. foreign policy.

Saturday Review, v. 39. June 2, 1956: 41-47.

Three articles on this subject. Pleas for scientific attachés in our foreign service, return to idea that Point Four was intended to apply science to world affairs. Articles themselves are (1) case study of the infinite complexity of our ignorance, (2) encouraging report on the enlightened inquiries financed by private wealth, (3) sobering study of the American scientist's struggle to put his knowledge to work in modernizing U.S. for

eign policy. Killian, James R., Jr. Science and public policy. Bulletin of the

Atomic Scientists, v. 15, April 1959: 168–172.

Among other elements, the Special Assistant to the President for Science and Technology discusses the Office of Science Adviser in the State Depart

ment and the President's Science Advisory Committee. Marine, Gene. "Think factory" de luxe. Nation, v. 188, Feb. 14,

1959: 131-135.

A report about the Rand Corporation, the bulk of whose work consists of military planning and research for the Air Force.



Hilsman, Roger. Strategic intelligence and national decisions. Glen

coe, Ill., Free Press (1956). 187 p.

See, especially, part III, where the doctrines that have grown up in American intelligence agencies are evaluated in light of criteria on the relationship of knowledge and action evolved from a working model of

rational decision-making. Kent, Sherman. Strategic intelligence for American world policy.

Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1949. 226 p.

See chapter 8, “Departmental Intelligence Organization: Ten Lessons

from Experience.” Pettee, George S. The future of American secret intelligence, Wash

ington, Infantry Journal Press (1946). 120 p.

Contains critical opinions on specific organizational and substantive

problems of intelligence. Ransom, Harry H. Central Intelligence and national security. Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1958. 287 p.

Describes and analyzes "the national intelligence community, the primary role of which is to bring the main facts of the outside world to the attention of American policy makers.”


Bruce, D. K. E. National Intelligence authority. Virginia Quar

terly Review, v. 22, July 1946: 355-369. Evans, John W. Research and intelligence: the part they play in

foreign policy. Foreign Service Journal, v. 34, March 1957:

24-25, 34, 40. Hilsman, Roger. Intelligence and policy-making in foreign affairs.

World Politics, v. 5, October 1952: 1-45.


BOOKS Carroll, Wallace. Persuade or perish. Boston, Houghton Mifflin Co., 1948. 392 p.

“Administration and policy of the American propaganda and psychological

warfare effort in World War II." Daugherty, William E. comp. A psychological warfare casebook.

In collaboration with Morris Janowitz. Baltimore, Published for Operations Research Office, Johns Hopkins University by Johns Hopkins Press (1958). 880 p.

A collection of case studies on psychological warfare, including its doctrine, history, organization, personnel, policy goals and planning, operational objectives, media, methods, and techniques, as well as an evaluation

of its effectiveness. Linebarger, Paul M. A. Psychological warfare. [1st ed.] Washington, Infantry Journal Press (1948). 259 p.

“Based on the experiences of the author who worked for 5 years both as civilian expert and as Army officer in American psychological warfare facilities at every level from the Joint and Combined Chiefs of Staff planning phase down to the preparation of spot leaflets. Definition and history of psychological warfare; propaganda analysis and intelligence; organization for psychological warfare; plans and planning; operations for civilians; operations against troops; and psychological warfare operations after World

War II * * *" Macmahon, Arthur W. Memorandum on the postwar international

information program of the United States, prepared by Dr. Arthur W. Macmahon, in cooperation with the Office of Public Affairs. (Washington.) The Department of State (1945). 135 p. ([U.S.] Department of State. (Publication 2438).)

A working paper canvassing viewpoints and recommendations with respect to organization and administration of postwar foreign information

programs. Thomson, Charles A. H. Overseas information service of the United

States Government. Washington, Brookings Institution, 1948.

397 p.

Detailed study and analysis of the administration and operation of the overseas information activities of the United States. Although published in 1948, is useful for history of informational policy machinery. Many of the problems it deals with are not out of date.


Baldwin, Hanson W. U.S. space set-up draws criticism; military and

science aides dislike the complexity and overlapping of program. New York Times, Apr. 13, 1959: 1, 17.

"* * * in addition to its dependence upon the Defense Department and the coordination it must maintain with Defense Department agencies,

NASA must also work with ten other Government and private agencies ***" Conquest of space; role of the National Advisory Committee for

Aeronautics. Ordnance, v. 43, July-August 1958: 37. Cooper, John Cobb. Memorandum on the “National Aeronautics

and Space Act of 1958.” Journal of Air Law and Commerce, v. 25, Summer 1958: 247-264.

Analysis of this important legislation.

Degler, Stanley E. The Washington space pie. Space Age, v. 2, November 1959: 24-27, 52-53.

“The organization of America's space efforts is one of almost incredible magnitude-with the inevitable rivalry between civilian and military. What are the responsibilities of the NASA? The ARPA? And who is

boss of what?" Dembling, Paul G. National coordination for space exploration—the

National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958. In extension of remarks of Clifford P. Case. Congressional Record (daily ed.] v. 105, Mar. 16, 1959: A2215-A2217.


Acheson, Dean G. The pattern of responsibility; edited by McGeorge

Bundy from the record of Secretary of State Dean Acheson.
Introduction by Douglas Southall Freeman. Boston, Houghton
Mifflin, 1952 (copyright 1951). 309 p.

Presents "the central public record of Dean G. Acheson as Secretary of
State," and adds to an understanding of security policy formulation in the

Truman administration. Arnold, Henry H. Global mission. (1st ed.] New York, Harper (1949). 626 p.

Memoirs of the World War II chief of the U.S. Army Air Force. Baruch, Bernard M. My own story. New York, Holt, 1957. 337 p.

Memoirs of an "elder statesman" who, among other things, has had

very wide experience with wartime industrial mobilization. Baxter, James P. Scientists against time. Boston, Little, Brown 1946. 473 p.

"The official history of the Office of Scientific Research and Develop

ment.” Blair, Clay. The atomic submarine and Admiral Rickover. Illus

trated with photos. [1st ed.] New York, Holt (copyright 1954).

277 p.

An account, from one point of view, of an and institutional resistance to technological revolution and innovation. Critical of naval admin

istration and administrators. Bradley, Omar. A soldier's story. [1st ed.] New York, Holt (1951).

618 p.

An account of the U.S. campaigns in North Africa and Europe during

World War II by a prominent American general. Butcher, Harry C. Three years with Eisenhower; the personal diary

of Captain Harry C. Butcher, USNR, naval aide to General Eisenhower, 1942 to 1945. London, W. Heinemann (1946). 748 p. American edition (New York, Simon & Schuster) has title: My

Three Years With Eisenhower. Byrnes, James F. All in one lifetime. New York, Harper, 1958.

432 p.

Parts IV and V recount the author's experiences as Director of the Office of War Mobilization during World War II and Secretary of State in the early postwar period.

Byrnes, James F. Speaking frankly. [1st ed.] New York, Harper (1947). 324 p.

A book that deals primarily with Mr. Byrnes' attempts, as Secretary of

State, to arrive at a postwar settlement with the Soviet Union. Childs, Marquis W. Eisenhower: captive hero; a critical study of

the general and the President. (ist ed.] New York, Harcourt, Brace (1958). 310 p.

A "critical study of the General and the President” which presents some details of security policy formulation. Especially chapter 10, "From

Yalta to the Summit.'Clark, Mark W. Calculated risk. [1st ed.] New York, Harper [1950). 500 p.

General Clark's account of the World War II campaigns in North Africa

and Italy and his role in them. Clark, Mark W. From the Danube to the Yalu. [1st ed.] New York, Harper (1954). 369 p.

A sequel to “Calculated Risk," this volume contains an account of the

author's experiences as commander of the United Nations forces in Korea. Clay, Lucius D. Decision in Germany. (1st ed.] Garden City, N.Y., Doubleday, 1950. 522 p.

Memoirs of former Commander in Chief U.S. Forces in Europe and

Military Governor of U.S. Zone of Occupied Germany. Connally, Thomas T. My name is Tom Connally, by Tom Connally, as told to Alfred Steinberg. New York, Crowell (1954). 376 p.

"* * * he discusses the establishment of the United Nations Organization, Greek-Turkish aid, the Marshall Plan, the North Atlantic Treaty,

the Korean war, and bipartisan foreign policy.” Deane, John R. The strange alliance; the story of our efforis at

wartime cooperation with Russia. New York, Viking Press, 1947. 344 p.

War memoirs retelling General Deane's experiences as commander of

the U.S. Military Mission to the U.S.S.R., 1943–45. Eisenhower, Dwight D., President, United States. Crusade in

Europe. Garden City, N.Y., Garden City Books (1952, copyright 1948]. 573 p.

General Eisenhower's personal account of World War II, about high strategy, the way victory was organized in the West, and important war

time political decisions. Feis, Herbert. The China tangle; the American effort in China from

Pearl Harbor to the Marshall mission. Princeton, Princeton
University Press, 1953. 445 p.

Recounts the “American effort in China from Pearl Harbor to the
Marshall Mission.” A close reading will yield a mine of inforination on

how one vital sector of U.S. foreign policy was formulated and carried out. Feis, Herbert. Seen from E. A.; three international episodes, by Herbert Feis. New York, A. A. Knopf, 1947 [i.e. 1946). 313 p.

A "narrative of three significant episodes in the American searc' for national security” before World War II. Episodes are rubber policy, Middle East oil, and oil for Italy. During the events recounted, author was Adviser on 'International Economic Affairs in the State Department.

Feis, Herbert. The Spanish story; Franco and the nations at war.

(1st ed.] New York, A. A. Knopf, 1948. 282 p.

U.S. World War II policy toward Spain, with consideration of civil and

military participation in policy making. Finletter, Thomas K. Power and policy; U.S. foreign policy and

military power in the hydrogen age. [1st ed.] New York, Harcourt, Brace (1954). 408 p.

Chapters 12 and 13 contain former Secretary of the Air Force Finletter's criticisms of and comments upon the determination of military force levels

and the evolution of the Department of Defense. Forrestal, James. The Forrestal diaries; edited by Walter Millis

with the collaboration of E. S. Duffield. New York, Viking Press, 1951. 581 p.

Indispensable for the study of American national security policy formulation from 1944–49. The editorial comments of Walter Millis greatly

enhance the value of the diaries. Frye, William. Marshall, citizen soldier. Indianapolis, New York,

Bobbs-Merrill (1947). 397 p.

A biography of General Marshall's Army career. Gavin, James M. War and peace in the space age. [1st ed.] New

York, Harper (1958). 304 p.

Touches only here and there upon the administration and organization of national security policy. An important source because General Gavin, as head of Army research and development, was a participant observer in

recent and very important national security policy determinations. Grew, Joseph C. Turbulent era; a diplomatic record of forty years,

1904-1945. Edited by Walter Johnson, assisted by Nancy Harvison Hooker. Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 1952. 2 v. (1,560 p.)

See volume 2. Hull, Cordell. The memoirs of Cordell Hull. New York, Macmillan,

1948. 2 v. Prepared with the assistance of Andrew Berding.

“Vol. 1 Gives briefly Hull's own views. * * * Chapter 15 discusses in detail Congress, Public opinion and the Department of State (pp. 211218. Vol. 2, chapter 19, * * * the advantages of non-partisan policy

in the formulation of a fcreign policy." King, Ernest J., and Walter M. Whitehill. Fleet Admiral King, a

nevel record. [1st ed.] New York, W. W. Norton (1952).

674 p.

The memoirs of Fleet Admiral King, Chief of Naval Operations and

Commander in Chief, U.S. Fleet from March 1942-December 1945. Leahy, William D. I was there; the personal story of the Chief of

Staff to Presidents Roosevelt and Truman, based on his notes and diaries made at the time. With a foreword by President

(). . Pusey, Merlo J. Eisenhower, the President. New York, Miacmillan,

1956. 300 p.

A sympathetic account of the first term of the Eisenhower administration.

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