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Westerfield, Bradford. Foreign policy and party politics: Pearl

Harbor to Korea. New Haven, Yale University Press, 1955.

448 p.

See, particularly, Part Two,“The Organization of the Parties in Congress

for Foreign Affairs." Windmuller, John P. Foreim affairs and the AFL-CIO. Ithaca, ,

N.Y., State School of Industrial and Labor Relations, 1956.
P. 419–432. (Reprint series. No. 44.)

Discusses the formulation of foreign policy position in the AFL-CIO, its importance to unions, and future relations with the ICFTU and union movements abroad. Reprinted from Industrial and Labor Pelations Peview, April 1956.

2. ARTICLES

Acheson, Dear G. Parties and foreign policy. Harper's, v. 211,

November 1955: 29-34. Blaisdell, Donald C. Pressure groups, foreign policies, and inter

national politics. Annals of the American Academy of Political

and Social Science, v. 319, September 1958: 149–157. Brogan, D. W. Politics and United States foreign policy. International ailairs, v. 33, April 1957: 165-175.

Deals to some extent with national minority groups and their influence

particularly in the case of 1956 presidential elections. Citizens give ideas in crisis; Gaither report; Rockefeller report. Life,

V. 44, Jan, 13, 1958: 13-15. Donovan, John C. The Political party and foreign policy-making:

a note of speculation. World Affairs Quarterly, v. 28, April 1957: 62-75.

Examines the “basic assumption” that a “President presumably would * * * receive the support of a disciplined party majority in the Congress”

in formulating and executing foreign policy. Emeny, Brooks. Non-governmental organizations in international affairs. Social science, v. 30, October 1955: 239-243.

Generally critical of the hundreds of organizations engaged in whole or part in international relations because of their lack of organization and

therefore ineffectiveness. Gable, Richard W. Political interest groups as policy shapers.

Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science,

v. 319, September 1958: 84-93. Kohl, William B. The "Jaycock” story. U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, v. 82, January 1956: 71–82.

"Jaycock” refers to JCOC, abbreviation for Joint Civilian Orientation Conference. This conference consists of representatives of the Nation's top business and civic leaders brought together once a year to observe

various aspects of our national defense program. Kraft, Joseph. School for statesmen. Harper's magazine, v. 217, July 1958: 64-68.

"Most Americans have never heard of the best club in New York' * * * which quietly incubates a surprising share of both the men and the ideas which make policy for the United States." The Council on Foreign Relations.

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McClellan, David S., and Charles E. Woodhouse. Businessmen in

foreign policy. Southwestern Social Science Quarterly, v. 39, March 1959: 283–290.

“The influence of government has assumed such an importance * * * that the business community cannot afford to be absent from its councils. But can the country afford to let business run the whole show? * * * the displacement of professional civil-service and foreign-service officers by businessmen and financiers brings a perspective to diplomacy * * *

which merits the closest scrutiny. McDonald, John. The war of wits. Fortune, v. 43, March 1951: 99-102.

A description of the Rand Corp. Murphy, Robert D. Labor's concern with foreign affairs. Depart

ment of State Bulletin, v. 32, Jan. 17, 1955: 84-86. Riesman, David. Private people and public policy. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, v. 15, May 1959: 203-208.

On the role of public opinion: “The paper was intended as an illustrated summary for non-social scientists of some of the things social scientists

believe they have discovered concerning public opinion.” Welles, Sumner. Pressure groups and foreign policy. Atlantic, v.

180, November 1947: 63-67. Wilson, Howard E. The role of the university in international

relations. Annals of the American Academy of Political and

Social Science, v. 301, September 1955: 86–92. Windmuller, J. P. Foreign affairs and the AFL-CIO. Industrial

and Labor Relations Review, v. 9, April 1956: 419–432.

H. SPECIAL PROBLEMS OF NATIONAL SECURITY POLICY

1. FOREIGN AID

A. BOOKS

Brookings Institution, Washington, D.C. Administration of United

Stated aid for a European recovery program. Report to the Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate. Submitted at the request of the chairman of the committee, Jan. 22, 1948. Washington, U.S Government Printing Office, 1948. 20 p.

Brief analysis of major proposals put forward for administrative reform

of the European recovery program. Brown, William Adams, Jr., and Redvers Opie. American foreign assistance. Washington, Brookings Institution (1953). 615 p.

Examines in detail America's different forms of foreign assistance,

including the administration of these programs, from 1939 to 1953. Parks, Wallace J. United States administration of its international economic affairs. Baltimore, Johns Hopkins Press (1951). 315 p.

After analyzing a number of key problems, the author makes specific suggestions for the handling of some issues and the reallocation of a number of functions according to principles which he believes would make the Government operate more quickly and efficiently. He believes that the ramifications of most international economic problems are so great that a number of agencies will continue to be actively interested in each of them.

Price, Harry B. The Marshall plan and its meaning. Ithaca, N.Y., Ćornell University Press (1955). 424 p.

A history of the European recovery program and an evaluation of its

economic and military consequences. Ransom, Harry Howe, ed. Foreign military assistance and national

policy: some background materials. Harvard Defense Policy Serial No. 114, April 1957.

Includes a brief history of the program, the development of procedures and policies, official statements, recommendations of the special Senate

Committee To Study the Foreign Aid Program, and a bibliography. Rockefeller Brothers Fund, Inc. Special Studies Project. Foreign

economic policy for the twentieth century. New York, 1958. 112 l. (America at Mid-Century series; panel report No. III of the Special Studies Project.)

Partial contents: The nature of the problem. A twentieth-century economie structure for the free world. Special problems of the economic development of less developed countries. The Western Hemisphere-a test case. The significance of economic growth for attaining world-wide objectives.

B. ARTICLES

Connery, Robert H., and Paul T. David. The Mutual defense assistance program.

American political science review, v. 45, June 1951: 321-347. “Concise description of the * * * program

* * * with details of organization and operation. Discusses development of the program, operational responsibilities apportioned among government agencies, and procedures

for integrating policy and operations with NATO." Foreign aid and foreign policy. Current history, v. 33, September

1957: 129-192.

Contents: Background of our aid program; administration of foreign aid; impact of foreign aid; Russian-American rivalry in foreign aid; foreign

aid and American strategy; economic issues of foreign aid. Haviland, H. Field, Jr. Foreign aid and the policy process: 1957.

American Political Science Review, v. 52, September 1958: 689-724.

"*** focuses primarily on the roles of the official executive and legislative participants, as well as of influential non-governmental interests during the course of (the foreign aid debate of 1957 and] sheds some light on both the foreign policy process in general and on some of the major substantive

and administrative issues at stake in this particular case." Jordan, Amos A., Jr. Military assistance and national policy. Orbis,

Summer 1958: 241-244. Lincoln, George A. Factors determining arms aid. Academy of

Political Science Proceedings, v. 25, May 1953: 263–272. Somers, Herman M. Civil-military relations in mutual security.

Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, v. 288, July 1953: 27-35.

2. DEFENSE MOBILIZATION

A. BOOKS

Connery, Robert H. The Navy and the industrial mobilization in

World War II. Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1951.

527 p.

"*** In a broad sense, this is a case study of the techniques of executive control in a military department, but it gives particular attention to the

administrative problems of material procurement in war time.” Elliott, William Yandell. Mobilization planning and the national

security, 1950-1960, problems and issues. [Rev.] Washington, 1950. 5, 188 p. (Public Affairs Bulletin No. 81.)

See chapter 3, "Controversial Organizational Patterns." Helpful material is also_found in appendixes on background of mobilization, World War I to Pearl Harbor; statutes and Executive orders on civilian and industiral mobilization; manpower planning and control; and Reorgani

zation Plan No. 35 of 1950. Janeway, Eliot. The struggle for survival; a chronicle of economic

mobilization in World War II. (Roosevelt ed.] New Haven, Yale University Press, 1951. 382 p. (The Chronicles of America series, v. 53.)

" * * * how the U.S. won World War II even before the offensive was carried to the enemy, by winning it as a war of production on the homefront; and how Franklin Ď. Roosevelt manipulated domestic politics to

achieve this * * *." Lincoln, George A. Economics of national security; managing

America's resources for defense, by G. A. Lincoln and associates in the social sciences, Department of Social Sciences, U.S. Military Academy. Draft of 1953 ed. (West Point, 1953.) 2 v.

Especially chapter 2, “The Role of Government” (in industrial mobilization), and chapter 5, “Industrial Mobilization." Other chapters also

have material on administration of economic security policies. Phillips, Elmo B. Economic mobilization in mid-century America. Los Angeles, 1951. 139 1.

Presents the acts and ideas of men engaged in economic mobilization,

and the institutions set up to carry out the tasks of economic mobilization. Smith, Ralph E. The Army and economic mobilization. Washing

ton, Office of the Chief of Military History, Department of the Army, 1959. 749 p.

Tells how the Army operated as one of the principal Government agencies engaged in planning and administering economic mobilization in

World War II.
Smith, Ralph E. United States Army in World War II, the War

Department; the Army and economic mobilization. Washington,
Office of the Chief of Military History, Department of the
Army, 1959. 749 p.

Systematic treatment of problems of procurement and economic mobili

zation faced by the War Department in World War II. Somers, Herman M. Presidential agency: OWMR, the Office of War

Mobilization and Reconversion. Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1950. 238 p.

"A case study in administration, It considers the broad question central organization for war and peace. * * *"

B. ARTICLES

Durham, J. A., and B. Caplan. Stabilization planning under the

National Security Act. Law and Contemporary problems, v. 19,
No. 4, 1954: 477–485.

Concerned with the Office of Defense Mobilization,
Flemming, Arthur S. The Nation's defense mobilization program.

Independent Petroleum Association of America monthly, v. 26,
December 1955: 25-28, 68-75.

Discusses the mobilization program.
Harris, Herbert. Arthur Flemming gears business for defense.

Nation's Business, v. 44, November 1956: 48–62.

Discusses the responsibilities and operations of the Office of Defense

Mobilization and the qualifications of its Director, Arthur Flemming. Krout, John A., ed. Mobilizing American power for defense. Academy of Political Science Proceedings, v. 24, May 1951: 287-439.

"Some subject headings are: *** Organization of scientifie research for defense * * * Civilian aspects of military manpower policy * * * Tech

nical treatment of specific problems, many relating to administration.” 3. SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT)

A. BOOKS

Bush, Vannevar. Modern arms and free men; a discussion of the role

of science in preserving democracy. New York, Simon & Schuster, 1949. 273 p.

Dr. Bush, Director of the Office of Scientific Research and Development in World War II, writes about science and scientists in national defense. Chapter 17 gives the author's views about the planning and organization of

research and development. Dahl, Robert A. and Ralph S. Brown, Jr. Domestic control of atomic energy. New York, 1951. 117 p.

117 p. (Social Science Research Council. Pamphlet 8.)

"This research monograph deals with administrative and other problems. It includes a section on the defense establishment in its role as one of the many groups and agencies concerned in control. There is a substantial

bibliography * * ** Price, Don Krasher. Government and science, their dynamic rela

tion in American democracy. New York, New York University Press, 1954. 203 p.

See chapter 5, “The Machinery of Advice," and chapter 6, “The Struc

ture of Policy. Stewart, Irvin. Organizing scientific research for war; the adminis

trative history of the Office of Scientific Research and Development. Foreword by Vannevar Bush. [1st ed.] Boston, Little, Brown, 1948. 358 p.

A detailed history, concerned only with the administrative history of OSRD.

B. ARTICLES Evolution of the organization of the Federal Government for scien

tific activities: 1947 to the present. Science, v. 128, Nov. 28, 1958: 1329–1331.

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