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COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS
JOHN L. MCCLELLAN, Arkansas, Chairman HENRY M. JACKSON, Washington
KARL E. MUNDT, South Dakota SAM J. ERVIN, JR., North Carolina
CARL T. CURTIS, Nebraska HUBERT H. HUMPHREY, Minnesota JACOB K. JAVITS, New York ERNEST GRUENING, Alaska EDMUND S. MUSKIE, Maine
WALTER L. REYNOLDS, Chief Clerk and Staff Director
SUBCOMMITTEE ON NATIONAL POLICY MACHINERY
HENRY M. JACKSON, Washington, Chairman
J. K. MANSFIELD, Staff Director
The Subcommittee on National Policy Machinery was established in July 1959 to make the first full-scale review of the national security policy process since the discussion and debate preceding passage of the National Security Act of 1947.
The subcommittee's goal is twofold: (1) to review the effectiveness of our present policymaking organizations and methods against the background of the changed perspectives and problems of the last 12 years; and (2) to make such recommendations for improvement of the policy process as are appropriate.
Shortly after its creation, the subcommittee undertook to determine how certain other countries, including nations of the Communist bloc, organize their governments for the making of national policy. Its staff, in cooperation with the executive branch, was requested to prepare appropriate studies. The first of these, dealing with national policy machinery in Communist China, was published earlier this month.
This present study of national policy machinery in the Soviet Union further underscores the contrasts between the democratic and Communist systems. It describes “the Soviet apparatus in both a static and a dynamic sense" in order to "interweave what it is with how it works.” The study should help promote a better understanding of the challenge confronting free societies.
HENRY M. JACKSON, Chairman, Subcommittee on National Policy Machinery. JANUARY 20, 1960.
Certain very recent changes in appointments and governmental structure, such as the decentralization of the central Ministry of Internal Affairs (MVD), have occurred since the completion of this study. However, these do not alter the basic findings contained in this report.
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The interlocking directorate
The functioning of the Presidium-
The functioning of the Secretariat.
Chapter 1. Introduction..
The foreign trade plan
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Role of the party Presidium
Functioning of the mechanism.
Role of the Council of Ministers.
VI. Military policy:
Relations with the party
Influence on policy
Execution of policy
Annex: Organs and media for disseminating policy decisions:
Party control and guidance..
Media of mass communication
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