Health Expenditures, Services, and Outcomes in Africa: Basic Data and Cross-national Comparisons, 1990-1996, Volume 434
In the past 30 years, African countries have made remarkable improvements in health conditions and status. However, they still suffer from some of the worst health conditions in the world. This study sets out to make available national-level information on health expenditures, health service outputs, and health outcomes in a way that could assist health planning and policy development in Africa. It outlines broad patterns of health spending, service delivery, mortality, fertility and malnutrition in Africa in the early to mid 1990s. By also exploring gaps in information available and potential uses of health information, the paper intends to stimulate discussion on how better to monitor progress and use information for better health outcomes within and among different African countries. The data covered in the study include major macroeconomic indicators, such as real GDP, rate of GDP growth, inflation rate, and per capita official development assistance. Key social indicators are presented, including the level of education, and access to safe water and sanitation. The detailed data contained in the annex tables from which the analytic results are derived invite readers to make additional analyses of their own.
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accounted adult mortality African Country Income Annex Table Annual assistance average Benin better Botswana Burkina Faso Cameroon Cape Verde capita Central Change Childhood collected Congo Contraceptive Prevalence corruption Côte d'Ivoire coun Country Income Group coverage deaths Development donor Economics Eritrea estimates Ethiopia Expectancy Female Female Illiteracy Figure financing Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea-Bissau health outcomes health services improved increase Indicators Infant Mortality Rate Kenya less levels Liberia low-income countries Lowest lowest-income countries Madagascar Malawi Male malnutrition Mauritius measles median Middle middle-income countries Mozambique Nigeria Nutrition patterns percent Percentage period Policy population presented Principe public sector health quartile Real recurrent regard Region relatively Report Republic Rwanda Sector Health Expenditures Seychelles Sierra Leone Source South Africa spending statistical supervised deliveries surveys Table Tanzania Tomé Total Fertility Rate trends tries Uganda World Bank Zimbabwe
Page 37 - ... members of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), to promote economic development and welfare.
Page 37 - ... is the number of deaths of infants under one year of age per 1,000 live births in a given year.
Page 38 - The total fertility rate in a specific year is the number of children that would be born to each woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and give birth to children at each age in agreement with prevailing agespecific fertility rates.
Page 35 - Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source, such as a household connection, public standpipe, borehole, protected well or spring, or rainwater collection.
Page 35 - In rural areas it implies that members of the household do not have to spend a disproportionate part of the day fetching water.
Page 36 - Adult illiteracy is defined here as the proportion of the population over the age of fifteen who cannot, with understanding, read and write a short, simple statement on their everyday life.
Page 37 - Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
Page 35 - Prevalence of child malnutrition is the percentage of children under five whose weight for age is less than minus two standard deviations from the median for the international reference population ages 0-59 months. The reference population, adopted by the World Health Organization in 1983, is based on children from the United States, who are assumed to be well nourished.
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