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(a) Written materials. Journal articles, technical reports, books, and newsletters (such as the International Energy Agency/Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (IEAVOBCD)) study “Energy and environmental technologies to respond to global climate change concerns ");

(b) Databases. Information stored in computerized databases, which can be obtained on diskette or accessed on-line. In addition, a hard copy of information contained in the database is often available upon request (for example, The Greenhouse Gas Technology Information Exchange (GREENTIE) Directory listing 3000 research institutions and technology suppliers);

(c) Workshops and training courses. Some institutions conduct workshops and training programmes on specific technologies (for example, the training courses on environmental information services conducted by the Environmental Systems Information Centre (ENSIC), Bangkok.).

15. The type of information available on technologies varies considerably. For illustrative purposes, table 1 below gives selected examples of different types of reports. However, in many cases it is difficult to categorize a report since the contents address several subject areas.

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TABLE 1. EXAMPLES OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF REPORTS

Content
Description

Example
Research and

A description of laboratory, beach “Solar thermal power and solar chemical development projects scale or other experiments systems", SolarPACES, IBA, 1994 Demonstration projects a description of technology or “Photovoltaics provide electricity to rural

practices tested on a small or communities in the Philippines", Centre for the limited scale

Analysis and Dissemination of Demonstrated

Bnergy Technologies (CADDET), 1995 Product description A catalogue of iochnical information "The Australian renewable energy industry", and prices for specific products Department of Primary Industries and Energy,

Australia, 1993 Multiple technology A comparative analysis of the "Options for reducing methanc emissions assessment

performance, environmental internationally, vol. 1: technology options', impacts, and cost of several United States Bavironmental Protection Lochnologies or practices

Agency, 1993 Programme report

The results of a programme "Implementation programme: reduction of conducted over a number of years to cavironmental impact from coal in develop or introduce a technology Central/Eastern Europe", United Nations

or process in a country or region Development Programme (UNDP), 1995 Case study

A summary of the technical, "Local and regional energy-related
financial, institutional, and other environmental issues", World Energy Council
aspects associated with deploying a (WEC), 1995
new technology in a country or

region Cost-effectiveness A study of the costs of different “Renewable energy technologies: a review of study technologies

the status and cost of selected technologies",

World Bank, 1994 Government policy An integrated report on policies, “Energy management in Africa", African report measures, and technologies Energy Policy Research Network

(AFREPREN), 1992 Bibliography A description and identification of "Energy conservation in industry”, Industrial reports, date of issue, and

and Technological Information Bank (INTIB), | authorship

United Nations Industrial Development

Organization (UNIDO), 1994 Institutional directory A list of organizations working on a International Directory of Energy Efficiency particular technology

Institutions, World Energy Efficiency
Association (WEEA), 1995

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(a) The “Inventory of technologies, methods, and practices for reducing emissions of greenhouse gases", chapter 28 of the IPCC Second Assessment Report provides specific data on 105 mitigation technology options, such as, technical and environmental

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characteristics, cost, implementation requirements, and references. The major objective of this inventory is to provide a data source on energy supply and end-use technologies, as well as on industrial, agricultural and forestry practices. Purthermore, it provides a common format for documenting and exchanging technical, economic and operational data on various technology systems. It does not include adaptation technologies;

(6) The 'Survey of information systems related to environmentally sound technologies prepared by UNEP in April 1995 identified 51 information systems providing information on environmentally sound technologies, many of which are applicable to climate change issues. Expert meetings and a further assessment of user needs will contribute to a Dew version of the survey report in April 1996. A database and catalogue of information systems relating to environmentally sound technology will become available on diskette and/or the Internet in the future;

The IENOECD Greenhouse Gas Technology Information Exchange (GREENTTE) Directory is intended to facilitate the transfer of greenhouse gas technology, in line with the IPCC list of 105 technologies. It has established and maintains a database of 3,000 sources of expertise on environmentally sound technologies for greenhouse gas emission reduction. GREENTIE provides an inquiry service, a printed directory, CD-ROM, and Internet access. Participating Governments pay thic costs of operating the service as well as identifying national centres of expertise and mbmitting this information the database.

17. The secretariat also found that the transfer of information electronically is expanding rapidly. Many Governments, intergovernmental organizations, corporations, and universities ne fax machines, electronic mail (e-mail), and have 'web sites to transfer data, text, and graphics. Por example, the United States Department of Energy has an Energy Efficiency mad Renewable Energy 'web site that provides links to over 200 national and international 'web sites". In many cases, these 200 "web sites' lead to additional sites with mapitcedented amounts of information. There are therefore numerous sources of data, but it is difficult to assess the quality of the information. The simple steps taken by the secretariat in this regard are identified later in this report.

18. In preparing this report the secretariat was confronted with several challenges, including:

Accessing information. As stated previously, there are many sources of information on technology and practices. In most cases the challenge is to know where to look and what to ask for. In a few cases, information was unavailable because it was out of print a could only be obtained for a fec. Almost all organizations exhibited a willingness to provide information. Many indicated that this would be made easier if the Parties decided to

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(b) Comparing data. The secretariat has not attempted to develop a structure for synthesizing qualitative information, a common format for assessing technologies, or a means of comparing data on specific technologies. Each of these aspects represents a different level of complexity that should reflect the needs of the Parties;

(c) Presenting information. The information collected and synthesized by the secretariat must be presented in a clear and comprehensible manner and meet the needs of all Parties. In so far as this is a new activity, the secretariat has not yet developed a structure or format for presenting information;

(d) Collecting information from non-governmental institutions. The initial letter from the secretariat requesting information on technology and practices was addressed to Parties and intergovernmental organizations. The secretariat encouraged Parties to identify information from other sources, such as universities, environmental organizations, and private sector laboratories. Although relatively little information was transmitted from non-governmental institutions to the secretariat in response to its initial letter, the secretariat nevertheless routinely receives some information directly from such sources;

(e) Adaptation technologies and practices. Little specific information has been collected on adaptation technologies and practice although the subject is treated broadly in the IPCC Second Assessment Report. This may be due to a lack of awareness in many organizations as to what constitutes an adaptation technology or practice.

IV. ISSUES THAT THE SUBSIDIARY BODY FOR SCIENTIFIC

AND TECHNOLOGICAL ADVICE MAY CONSIDER

19. This initial attempt by the secretariat to inventory information on technologies and know-how conducive to mitigating and adapting to climate change demonstrates that a great deal of information is available from Parties, intergovernmental institutions, and the private sector. As discussed earlier, the current information ranges from data on specific producis and vendors to case studies describing the introduction of a new technology in a country.

20. Decision 13/CP.1, while recalling the provisions of chapter 34 of Agenda 21 and the relevant provisions of the Convention, provides only broad guidance concerning the scope of such technology assessments to be undertaken by the secretariat. In order to offer more focused guidance, the SBSTA may consider several issues.

A. Objectives

21.

What should be the objective(s) of future technology assessments? For example, should assessments provide information to assist developing countries in formulating and implementing national programmes to mitigate and adapt to climate change? Should assessments provide information to inform Annex I Parties about technologies that could

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support a process of developing policies and measures? Or should both, and or others, be considered? In this regard, the SBSTA may wish to refer to the note prepared by the secretariat on policies and measures (PCCCIAGBM/1996/2).

B. Ux of information

22. How will the information be used and by whom? Table 2 provides examples, as maken in modified form from the 1995 Second Assessment Report of the IPCC Working Group II, chapter 27, of the different levels of decision-making and typical questions that may be addressed. In this regard, it is apparent that the type of information that would be useful in preparing a request for tendens to build a 200 megawatt electricity plant in a specific location would be very different from the information needed to prepare a national communication.

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Lord of decision-making Cross-sectoral regional Second

Interministerial Committee What should be the national expenditure for chaw

and agriculture? Minister

Whicha policies and technologies are needed to achieve

mational goals?
Deputy Ministea/Regional What technologia are available to achieve regional or
Aduntnistratord Senior

corporate objectives?
Corporate Executive
Sealer Corporate

Whida perticalar projects or facilities will provide the
Brecutive/Municipal Official highest reten for an investmeat?
Peat Manager

What motons should be purchased and from which
vendar?

Project

Peality

C. Types of reports

23. Should any particular sectors, as, for example, energy, industry, transport, agriculture, forestry, or waste management, be given priority in future assessments? Should the reports be of a particular type, for example, case studies? Given the request of the COP to the Convention secretariat to prepare documents for consideration at regular intervals (each interval not to exceed a year), should these reports be very broad or should a series of reports that focus on specific topics be developed over the next several years?

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