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in correctional institutions. The Vocational Rehabilitation Administration in HEW also makes grants for research and demonstrations projects to test vocational rehabilitation techniques and delinquents. These projects may be similar to some of those demonstrations which have been carried on in past years under the Juvenile Delinquency and Youth Offenses Control Act. VRA also, I understand, has authority to provide training for social workers in correctional work.
Under the Vocational Education Act many projects are designed with the aim in mind of preventing students from dropping out of school and encouraging dropouts to return to school. The Vocational Education Administration also conducts training programs in correctional institutions.
In fiscal year 1966, 27 programs in 21 States were conducted under the Higher Education Act focusing on the problems of delinquent youth.
L’nder the Elementary and Secondary Education Act provisions incorporated in title I by last year's amendments provide for activities with respect to the education of incarcerated delinquents and the improvement of teacher training with respect to delinquents.
Finally, the Public Library Services and Construction Act Amendments of 1966 made provision for books and library services to juvenile institutions.
These and perhaps other programs and activities in fields relating to juvenile delinquency prevention and control are the activities of only one Federal department—the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. At these hearings the subcommittee will be inquiring into each of these activities to determine their relationship with each other, the relationships among those agencies administering them, and the extent of coordination and cooperation among such agencies both within the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare and with other Federal departments and agencies.
In this connection, the committee will be hearing testimony from the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare, John W. Gardner, this morning. On September 15, I wrote Secretary Gardner asking that HEW prepare and deliver to the subcommittee a report listing all legislative authority giving HEW the responsibility for and all activites in fields related to the prevention, control, or treatment of juvenile delinquency, youth offenses, and the problems of disturbed or delinquent youth in which HEW is presently engaged.
This morning, I received from the Department a response to my letter to Secretary Gardner, and I ask that my letter and the reply of the Department be printed in the record.
As to what he has been doing in cooperation with the Justice Department in connection with this whole field, I am sure that Secretarv Gardner will tell us about that.
Similar reports have been requested from Attorney General Ramsey Clark and Secretary Wirtz who will testify before the subcommittee on September 26 and 27.
Unfortunately, my duties as floor manager of the Economic Opportunity Amendments of 1967 will prevent my chairing all of these hearings on the Juvenile Delinquency Prevention Act. The poverty bill is being called up on the floor today and will probably be debated well into next week. Senator Kennedy of Massachusetts has kindly consented to chair these hearings. I hope that the Senator from Massachusetts will, after these hearings, work very closely with me in executive sessions of the subcommittee and full committee as we mark up this legislation and assist me in the floor managing of the bill when it is reported to the Senate.
(The bills S. 1248, H.R. 12120, summary of S. 1248, summary of H.R. 12120, letter dated September 15, to Secretary Gardner of HEW from Senator Clark, the document entitled "Programs for the Prevention and Control of Delinquency," and departmental reports received by the committee follow :)
IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
MARCTI 10, 1967
Massachusetts, and Mr. Typines) introduced the following bill; which
To provide Federal assistance to courts, correctional systems,
and community agencies to increase their capability to pre-
juvenile delinquency; and for other purposes.
2 tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
3 That this Act may be cited as “The Juvenile Delinquency
SEC. 2. (a) The Congress is concerned with the alarm
7 ing number of delinquent acts youths perform, with the fail
ure of institutions and agencies we have developed to help
1 youths after they perform delinquent acts, and with the frac2 tional and uncoordinated nature of preventive, correctional, 3 and rehabilitative programs now available. 4 (b) The Congress finds that many youths, regardless of 5 economic or social background, have special needs which may 6 lead to delinquency unless an attempt is made to reach them; 7 that the best point at which to prevent delinquency is often 8 before a youth is found to be delinquent; that many of the 9 needs are best met as part of the normal environment of 10 growing children and youths, or are only met if the normal 11 institutions and agencies are properly related to one another; 12 and that, to meet these needs, law enforcement agencies, 13. the courts, and correctional institutions must join with other 14 agencies and institutions in our society.
(c) The Congress believes that the Nation's youths 16 should be given meaningful opportunities to be involved in 17 the efforts designed to assist them. 18
(d) It is, therefore, the policy of the United States to 19
promote the provision of services and develop the knowledge 20 that will prevent and treat delinquency among young people: 21 and it is the purpose of this Act to stimulate youth-serving 22 agencies and institutions in our society to coordinate their 23 existing efforts in this respect and to support the search for 24 knowledge about delinquency in order to develop methods 25 for and the capability of dealing with and preventing it.
6 SEC. 101. (a) In order to encourage States and local7 ities to prepare and adopt comprehensive plans covering their 8 respective jurisdictions, based on a thorough evaluation of 9 problems of juvenile delinquency and youth in danger of 10 becoming delinquent in the State, the Secretary is authorized
11 to make grants to any State or local public agency to assist 12 in preparing or revising such a plan. No such grant may 13 exceed 90 per centum of the cost of the planning with respect
14 to which such grant is made. 15
(b) The Secretary may impose as a condition to any 16
grants under this title within any State or locality that such 17 planning be undertaken and that, where he deems it appro18
priate, a comprehensive plan or plans be prepared within a 19 reasonable period.
STATE ASSISTANCE TO LOCAL UNITS
SEC. 102. The Secretary is also authorized to make 22 grants to any State agency which is able and willing to pro23 vide technical assistance to local agencies engaged in or 24 preparing to engage in activities for which aid may be pro25 vided under this Act or agencies, institutions, or organiza
1 tions providing services necessary for diagnostic treatment, 2 or rehabilitative services for delinquent youth, or youth in 3 danger of becoming delinquent. No such grant may exceed 4 90 per centum of the cost of the activities (of the State 5 agency) with respect to which such grant is made.
GRANTS FOR PLANNING PROJECTS OR PROGRAMS
7 Sec. 103. The Secretary is authorized to make grants 8 to any State, county, municipal, or other local public or 9 nonprofit private agency or organization to assist it in meet10 ing the cost of planning any project or program for which 11 a grant may be made under the other provisions of this 12 Act. No such grant may exceed 90 per centum of the cost 13 of the planning with respect to which such grant is made.
CONSULTATION WITII ATTORXEY GENERAL
Sec. 104. The Secretary shall consult with the Attorney 16 General on matters of policy and general administration 17 arising in the carrying out of this part. 18
PART B-REITABILITATIVE SERVICES
SEC. 120. The purpose of this part is to assist law en21 forcement agencies, courts, and other correctional institutions 22 to make full use, for the treatment and rehabilitation of 23 delinquent youths committed to their control or supervision, 24 of community resources and services generally wailable; 25 and to encourage new designs and new methods of operating