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tive institutions. The Office of Education estimates that persons trained in these institutes during the first 5 years will assist at least 3.5 million youth to identify their abilities and improve their educational accomplishments in schools. Thus, the impact of these institutes is impressive in both their qualitative and quantitative aspects. The committee believes that these institutes have amply demonstrated widespread contributions to the national interest and proposes their continuation.
The committee is aware of a widespread and disturbing recognition that many of the serious problems related to the failure of youth to develop their abilities through education have their origin during the elementary school years. Underachievement, school dropouts, imporverished hopes, unemployment, and functional illiteracy are among these problems. Negative attitudes toward education which crystallize during the elementary school years often continue for many years, perhaps a lifetime. Thus, the committee recognizes an increasing nationwide demand for counseling and guidance services in elementary schools where counseling and guidance can be preventive and where positive attitudes toward education can be developed. As Superintendent Carl F. Hansen, of the District of Columbia schools: stated: "The most important new service needed at any school level is that of professionally trained counselors in the elementary schools." Only a token number of elementary schools have available the services of a professionally trained counselor. The committee, therefore, proposes an expansion of the institutes program for the training of counseling and guidance personnel in the elementary schools.
The committee is also aware of unnecessary waste of talent in higher education. Studies conducted during the past few years indicate that of every 10 students entering college, about 4 fail to graduate. For each 100 high ability boys and each 100 high ability girls
11 males and 10 females-do not finish high school,
22 males and 40 females-finish high school but do not enter college, 22 males and 20 females-enter but do not complete college,
45 males and 30 females-graduate from college.
Counseling and guidance is needed for college students to enable a total attack on the waste of talent. The increasing manpower demands for scientific, professional, and responsible managerial personnel, all of which require extensive college preparation, make it urgently in the national interest to provide additional training for personnel who provide counseling and guidance to students in institutions of higher education. Since a critical period for waste of talent occurs at or shortly after entrance into higher education, the committee feel that emphasis is needed upon training of counseling and guidance personnel for junior colleges and technical institutes. There is an acute shortage of trained counselors who work with college students at these levels. These institutes will expand the number of persons trained and improve the quality of their training. The committee, therefore, recommended that the counseling and guidance training institutes program be extended to the junior colleges and technical institutes.
New materials are rapidly making their way into all aspects of education, including counseling and guidance. To enable widespread effective use of these materials, the committee recommends authority to include instruction in the use of new materials in these institutes.
The committee feels that all students who attend institutes are equally entitled to stipends, whether they come from public or private schools. All students in institutes will be pursuing advanced study in a college or university. The committee feels that now is the time to recognize that students in these institutes contribute equally to the national welfare, whether they come from public or private schools, and that all students are enqually entitled to sufficient relief from financial worry to enable them to make the most effective pursuit of their institute studies.
The committee recommends the extension and expansions stated above as a major step in assisting educational institutions at all levels in improving their efforts to enhance and encourage the conservation and development of the talents of the Nation's youth.
A bill to amend and extend the National Defense Education Act of 1958 and to extend Public Laws 815 and 874, 81st Čongress (federally affected areas)
Total, new obligational authority. 100, 024,000 647, 134,000 808, 530, 000 568,215,000 222, 293,000
National Defense Education Act:
Title 11-Student loans.
Title III-Science, mathematics, and
Grants to States.
Institutes for counseling personnel.
Centers and research and studies..
Title VII-Educational media research.
Public Law 874
SECTION-BY-SECTION ANALYSES OF THE BILL
TITLE I-AMENDMENTS TO NATIONAL DEFENSE EDUCATION ACT
PART D. GUIDANCE, COUNSELING, AND TESTING; IDENTIFICATION AND ENCOURAGEMENT OF ABLE STUDENTS
Section 131. Appropriations authorized
Section 501 of existing law authorizes $17,500,000 for each of the fiscal years 1964 and 1965 to assist State educational agencies in establishing and maintaining programs of testing and guidance and counseling.
The bill would increase the appropriations authorized for fiscal 1965 to $25 million. With the extension of title V for 3 additional years, appropriations would be authorized of $25,500,000 for fiscal year 1966, $32,400,000 for fiscal 1967, and $37,500,000 for fiscal 1968.
Section 132. State plans
Section 503 of existing law provides that a State desiring to receive payments to assist its program must submit a State plan which (1) sets forth a testing program to identify students (who are in grade 7 or above) with outstanding aptitudes and ability in the public and (if authorized by law) other elementary or secondary schools; and (2) sets forth a guidance and counseling program for public elementary or secondary schools to advise students in grade 7 or above of the courses of study best suited for them, and to encourage students with outstanding aptitudes and ability to complete their secondary school education, take the courses necessary for admission to college, and go on to college.
The bill would delete the limitation (grade 7 and above) on the beneficiaries of such programs, would permit such programs to be extended to public junior colleges and technical institutes of the State, and would include, as a purpose of the guidance and counseling program, advising students as to the type of educational program they should pursue, the vocation they should train for and enter, and the job opportunities in the various fields.
Section 133. Payments to States
Section 504(a) of existing law provides for payments to the States of one-half of the amount expended in carrying out the State plan under title V for each fiscal year through 1968. Section 504(b) authorizes the Commissioner to arrange for testing students, in grade 7 and above in any one or more elementary or secondary schools, in a State with an approved plan if the State educational agency is not legally authorized to pay for this testing. This testing would have to be comparable to and at the same grade levels and under the same conditions as in the public schools. One-half of the cost of this testing is paid by the Federal Government out of the State's allotment.
The bill would extend these provisions for 3 additional years, eliminate the prohibition against testing students who are below grade 7, and authorize payments under section 504(b) to cover the costs of testing students in junior colleges and technical institutes if such institutions are not covered in the State program. Section 134. Junior colleges and technical institutes
This section would insert in the act a new section 505, defining the term "junior colleges or technical institutes" to mean (1) institutions of higher education organized and administered principally to provide a 2-year program which is acceptable for full credit toward a bachelor's degree, and (2) institutions organized and administered principally to provide a 2-year program in engineering, mathematics, or the physical and biological sciences, which is designed to prepare the student to work as a technician and at a semiprofessional level in engineering, scientific, or other technological fields requiring the understanding and application of basic engineering, scientific, or mathematical principles or knowledge. If it is a branch of an institution of higher education offering at least 4 years of higher education, the junior college or technical institute must be located in a different community from that in which its parent institution is located. Section 135. Counseling and guidance training institutes
Section 511 of the present law authorizes $7,250,000 for each fiscal year through fiscal 1965 to enable the Commissioner to arrange by contracts with institutions of higher education for the operation by them of short-term or regular session institutes to improve the qualifications of personnel engaged in work with students in grade 7 and above in elementary or secondary schools, or of teachers preparing to engage in such work. Eligible individuals who attend these institutes receive a stipend at the rate of $75 a week, plus an additional amount of $15 a week for each dependent.
The bill increases the amount authorized to be appropriated from $7.25 to $10 million for fiscal year 1965, extends the program for 3 years and authorizes annual appropriations of $10 million for fiscal 1966, 1967, and 1968.
The bill would also modify the description of the institutes to provide that they shall be institutes for advanced study, including study in the use of new materials, and it provides that grants, as well as contractual arrangements, may be made to or with institutions of higher education for the operation of such institutes. The institutes could include teachers engaged in guidance and counseling of students below grade 7 and of students in institutions of higher education and junior colleges and technical institutes. Eligibility for stipends would be extended to personnel in private as well as public schools.
III. EXTRACTS FROM HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES REPORT NO. 1916
The committee of conference on the disagreeing votes of the two Houses on the amendment of the House to the bill (S. 3060) to amend and extend the National Defense Education Act of 1958 and to extend Public Laws 815 and 874, 81st Congress (federally affected areas), having met, after full and free conference have agreed to recommend and do recommend to their respective Houses as follows: That the Senate recede from its disagreement to the amendment of the House and agree to the same with an amendment as follows:
In lieu of the matter proposed to be inserted by the House amendment insert the following: That this Act may be cited as the "National Defense Education Act Amendments, 1964."
TITLE V-GUIDANCE, COUNSELING, AND TESTING; IDENTIFICATION AND ENCOURAGEMENT OF ABLE STUDENTS
SEC. 501. Section 501 of the National Defense Education Act of 1958 is amended by striking out "and $17,500,000 each for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1964, and the succeeding fiscal year," and inserting in lieu thereof "$17,500,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1964, $24,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1965, $24,500,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1966, and $30,000,000 for each of the two succeeding fiscal years,”.
SEC. 502. Paragraphs (1) and (2) if section 503(a) of the National Defense Education Act of 1958 are amended to read as follows:
"(1) a program for testing students in the public elementary and secondary schools of such State or in the public junior colleges and technical institutes of such State, and, if authorized by law, in other elementary and secondary schools and in other junior colleges and technical institutes in such States, to identify students with outstanding aptitudes and ability, and the means of testing which will be utilized in carrying out such program; and
"(2) a program of guidance and counseling at the appropriate levels in the public elementary and secondary schools or public junior colleges and technical institutes of such State (A) to advise students of courses of study best suited to their ability, aptitudes, and skills, (B) to advise students in their decisions as to the type of educational program they should pursue, the vocation they should train for and enter, and the job opportunities in the various fields, and (C) to encourage students with outstanding aptitudes and ability to complete their secondary school education, take the necessary courses for admission to institutions of higher education, and enter such institutions."
PAYMENTS TO STATES
SEC. 503. (a) Section 504(a) of the National Defense Education Act of 1958 is amended by striking our "five" and inserting in lieu thereof "eight”.
(b) Section 504(b) of such Act is amended by striking out", who are not below grade 7,", and by striking out "six" and inserting in lieu thereof "nine", and by inserting after "schools" the first time it appears the following: or junior colleges or technical institutes,".
JUNIOR COLLEGES AND TECHNICAL INSTITUTES
SEC. 504. Title V of the National Defense Education Act of 1958 is amended by inserting after section 504 of the following new section:
"SEC. 505. For the purposes of this title, the term 'junior colleges or technical institutes' means (1) institutions of higher education which are organized and administered principally to provide a two-year program which is acceptable for full credit toward a bachelor's degree, and (2) institutions which meet the requirements of clauses (1), (2). (4), and (5) of section 103(b) and are organized and administered principally to provide a two-year program in engineering, mathematics, or the physical or biological sciences which is designed to prepare the student to work as a technician and at a semiprofessional level in engineering. scientific, or other technological fields which require the understanding and application of basic engineering, scientific, or mathematical principles or knowledge, and, if a branch of an institution of higher education offering four or more years of higher education, is located in a community different from that which its parent institution is located."
COUNSELING AND GUIDANCE TRAINING INSTITUTES
SEC. 505. Section 511 of such Act is amended to read as follows:
"SEC. 511. (a) There are hereby authorized to be appropriated $6,250,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1959, $7,250,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1960, and for each of the eight succeeding fiscal years, to enable the Commissioner to arrange, through grants or contracts, with institutions of higher education for the operation by them of short-term or regular session institutes for advanced study, including study in the use of new materials, to improve the qualification of individuals who are engaged, or are teachers preparing to engage, in counseling and guidance of students in elementary or in secondary schools or in institutions of higher education, including junior colleges and technical institutes as defined in section 505.
"(b) Each individual who attends an institute operated under the provisions of this part shall be eligible (after application therefor) to receive a stipend at the rate of $75 per week for the period of his attendance at such institute, and each such individual with one or more dependents shall receive an additional stipend at the rate of $15 per week for each such dependent."
STATEMENT OF THE MANAGERS ON THE PART OF THE HOUSE
The managers on the part of the House at the conference on the disagreeing votes of the two Houses on the amendment of the House to the bill (S. 3060) to amend and extend the National Defense Education Act of 1958 and to extend Public Laws 815 and 874, 81st Congress (federally affected areas), submit the following statement in explanation of the effect of the action agreed upon by the conferees and recommended in the accompanying conference report:
The House amendment strikes out all of the Senate bill after the enacting clause and inserts a substitute. The Senate recedes from its disagreement to the